Prolonged experimental drought reduces plant hydraulic conductance and transpiration and increases mortality in a piñon–juniper woodland
Plant hydraulic conductance (ks) is a critical control on whole-plant water use and carbon uptake and, during drought, influences whether plants survive or die. To assess long-term physiological and hydraulic responses of mature trees to water availability, we manipulated ecosystem-scale water availability from 2007 to 2013 in a piñon pine (Pinus edulis) and juniper (Juniperus monosperma) woodland. We examined the relationship between ks and subsequent mortality using more than 5 years of physiological observations, and the subsequent impact of reduced hydraulic function and mortality on total woody canopy transpiration (EC) and conductance (GC). For both species, we observed significant reductions in plant transpiration (E) and ks under experimentally imposed drought. Conversely, supplemental water additions increased E and ks in both species. Interestingly, both species exhibited similar declines in ks under the imposed drought conditions, despite their differing stomatal responses and mortality patterns during drought. Reduced whole-plant ks also reduced carbon assimilation in both species, as leaf-level stomatal conductance (gs) and net photosynthesis (An) declined strongly with decreasing ks. Finally, we observed that chronically low whole-plant ks was associated with greater canopy dieback and mortality for both piñon and juniper and that subsequent reductions in woody canopy biomass due to mortalitymore »
- Univ. of New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM (United States). Dept. of Biology.
- Université de Montpellier and Université Paul-Valéry Montpellier (France). Centre d'Ecologie Fonctionnelle et Evolutive.
- Instituto Tecnológico de Sonora (Mexico). Departamento de Ciencias del Agua y del Medio Ambiente.
- Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States). Earth and Environmental Sciences Division.
- Publication Date:
- Grant/Contract Number:
- Published Article
- Journal Name:
- Ecology and Evolution
- Additional Journal Information:
- Journal Volume: 5; Journal Issue: 8; Journal ID: ISSN 2045-7758
- Research Org:
- Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)
- Sponsoring Org:
- Country of Publication:
- United States
- 54 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES; canopy dieback; climate change; hydraulic failure; net carbon assimilation; plant water stress; precipitation manipulation; stomatal response to drought; tree death
- OSTI Identifier:
- Alternate Identifier(s):
- OSTI ID: 1212470; OSTI ID: 1295967