DOE PAGES title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: Negative pressures and spallation in water drops subjected to nanosecond shock waves

Abstract

Most experimental studies of cavitation in liquid water at negative pressures reported cavitation at tensions significantly smaller than those expected for homogeneous nucleation, suggesting that achievable tensions are limited by heterogeneous cavitation. We generated tension pulses with nanosecond rise times in water by reflecting cylindrical shock waves, produced by X-ray laser pulses, at the internal surface of drops of water. Depending on the X-ray pulse energy, a range of cavitation phenomena occurred, including the rupture and detachment, or spallation, of thin liquid layers at the surface of the drop. When spallation occurred, we evaluated that negative pressures below –100 MPa were reached in the drops. As a result, we model the negative pressures from shock reflection experiments using a nucleation-and-growth model that explains how rapid decompression could outrun heterogeneous cavitation in water, and enable the study of stretched water close to homogeneous cavitation pressures.

Authors:
 [1];  [2];  [3];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [1]
  1. SLAC National Accelerator Lab., Menlo Park, CA (United States)
  2. SLAC National Accelerator Lab., Menlo Park, CA (United States); Paul Scherrer Institute, Villigen (Switzerland)
  3. Princeton Univ., Princeton, NJ (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
SLAC National Accelerator Lab., Menlo Park, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES)
OSTI Identifier:
1295510
Report Number(s):
SLAC-PUB-16782
Journal ID: ISSN 1948-7185
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC02-76SF00515
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 7; Journal Issue: 11; Journal ID: ISSN 1948-7185
Publisher:
American Chemical Society
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
38 RADIATION CHEMISTRY, RADIOCHEMISTRY, AND NUCLEAR CHEMISTRY; stretched water; cavitation; heterogeneous nucleation; dynamic decompression; X-ray lasers

Citation Formats

Stan, Claudiu A., Willmott, Philip R., Stone, Howard A., Koglin, Jason E., Liang, Mengning, Aquila, Andrew L., Robinson, Joseph S., Gumerlock, Karl L., Blaj, Gabriel, Sierra, Raymond G., Boutet, Sebastien, Guillet, Serge A. H., Curtis, Robin H., Vetter, Sharon L., Loos, Henrik, Turner, James L., and Decker, Franz -Josef. Negative pressures and spallation in water drops subjected to nanosecond shock waves. United States: N. p., 2016. Web. doi:10.1021/acs.jpclett.6b00687.
Stan, Claudiu A., Willmott, Philip R., Stone, Howard A., Koglin, Jason E., Liang, Mengning, Aquila, Andrew L., Robinson, Joseph S., Gumerlock, Karl L., Blaj, Gabriel, Sierra, Raymond G., Boutet, Sebastien, Guillet, Serge A. H., Curtis, Robin H., Vetter, Sharon L., Loos, Henrik, Turner, James L., & Decker, Franz -Josef. Negative pressures and spallation in water drops subjected to nanosecond shock waves. United States. https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.jpclett.6b00687
Stan, Claudiu A., Willmott, Philip R., Stone, Howard A., Koglin, Jason E., Liang, Mengning, Aquila, Andrew L., Robinson, Joseph S., Gumerlock, Karl L., Blaj, Gabriel, Sierra, Raymond G., Boutet, Sebastien, Guillet, Serge A. H., Curtis, Robin H., Vetter, Sharon L., Loos, Henrik, Turner, James L., and Decker, Franz -Josef. Mon . "Negative pressures and spallation in water drops subjected to nanosecond shock waves". United States. https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.jpclett.6b00687. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1295510.
@article{osti_1295510,
title = {Negative pressures and spallation in water drops subjected to nanosecond shock waves},
author = {Stan, Claudiu A. and Willmott, Philip R. and Stone, Howard A. and Koglin, Jason E. and Liang, Mengning and Aquila, Andrew L. and Robinson, Joseph S. and Gumerlock, Karl L. and Blaj, Gabriel and Sierra, Raymond G. and Boutet, Sebastien and Guillet, Serge A. H. and Curtis, Robin H. and Vetter, Sharon L. and Loos, Henrik and Turner, James L. and Decker, Franz -Josef},
abstractNote = {Most experimental studies of cavitation in liquid water at negative pressures reported cavitation at tensions significantly smaller than those expected for homogeneous nucleation, suggesting that achievable tensions are limited by heterogeneous cavitation. We generated tension pulses with nanosecond rise times in water by reflecting cylindrical shock waves, produced by X-ray laser pulses, at the internal surface of drops of water. Depending on the X-ray pulse energy, a range of cavitation phenomena occurred, including the rupture and detachment, or spallation, of thin liquid layers at the surface of the drop. When spallation occurred, we evaluated that negative pressures below –100 MPa were reached in the drops. As a result, we model the negative pressures from shock reflection experiments using a nucleation-and-growth model that explains how rapid decompression could outrun heterogeneous cavitation in water, and enable the study of stretched water close to homogeneous cavitation pressures.},
doi = {10.1021/acs.jpclett.6b00687},
journal = {Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters},
number = 11,
volume = 7,
place = {United States},
year = {2016},
month = {5}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record

Citation Metrics:
Cited by: 6 works
Citation information provided by
Web of Science

Save / Share:

Works referenced in this record:

Escaping the no man's land: Recent experiments on metastable liquid water
journal, January 2015


Water Superheated to 279.5° C at Atmospheric Pressure
journal, July 1972


The Homogeneous Nucleation Limits of Liquids
journal, July 1985

  • Avedisian, C. T.
  • Journal of Physical and Chemical Reference Data, Vol. 14, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.555734

Cavitation and the generation of tension in liquids
journal, November 1984


Cavitation pressure in water
journal, October 2006


Cavitation in water: a review
journal, November 2006


Exploring water and other liquids at negative pressure
journal, June 2012


The Fracture of Liquids
journal, November 1948

  • Fisher, John C.
  • Journal of Applied Physics, Vol. 19, Issue 11
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.1698012

Liquids at Large Negative Pressures: Water at the Homogeneous Nucleation Limit
journal, November 1991


Water at the cavitation limit: Density of the metastable liquid and size of the critical bubble
journal, April 2010

  • Davitt, Kristina; Arvengas, Arnaud; Caupin, Frédéric
  • EPL (Europhysics Letters), Vol. 90, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1209/0295-5075/90/16002

Experimental superheating of water and aqueous solutions
journal, May 2009

  • Shmulovich, Kirill I.; Mercury, Lionel; Thiéry, Régis
  • Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, Vol. 73, Issue 9
  • DOI: 10.1016/j.gca.2009.02.006

A coherent picture of water at extreme negative pressure
journal, November 2012

  • Azouzi, Mouna El Mekki; Ramboz, Claire; Lenain, Jean-François
  • Nature Physics, Vol. 9, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1038/nphys2475

Anomalies in bulk supercooled water at negative pressure
journal, May 2014

  • Pallares, G.; El Mekki Azouzi, M.; Gonzalez, M. A.
  • Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, Vol. 111, Issue 22
  • DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1323366111

Fiber optic probe hydrophone for the study of acoustic cavitation in water
journal, March 2011

  • Arvengas, Arnaud; Davitt, Kristina; Caupin, Frédéric
  • Review of Scientific Instruments, Vol. 82, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.3557420

Equation of state of water under negative pressure
journal, November 2010

  • Davitt, Kristina; Rolley, Etienne; Caupin, Frédéric
  • The Journal of Chemical Physics, Vol. 133, Issue 17
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.3495971

Dynamic fracture (spalling) of metals
journal, January 1983


Femtosecond-laser-induced spallation in aluminum
journal, March 2001

  • Tamura, H.; Kohama, T.; Kondo, K.
  • Journal of Applied Physics, Vol. 89, Issue 6
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.1346996

Technique for studying dynamic tensile failure in liquids: application to glycerol
journal, May 1973

  • Carlson, G. A.; Henry, K. W.
  • Journal of Applied Physics, Vol. 44, Issue 5
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.1662537

Dynamic tensile strength of glycerol
journal, April 1975

  • Carlson, G. A.; Levine, H. S.
  • Journal of Applied Physics, Vol. 46, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.321761

Dynamic tensile strength of mercury
journal, September 1975

  • Carlson, G. A.
  • Journal of Applied Physics, Vol. 46, Issue 9
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.322112

Experimental investigation of liquid spall in laser shock-loaded tin
journal, January 2007

  • de Rességuier, T.; Signor, L.; Dragon, A.
  • Journal of Applied Physics, Vol. 101, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.2400800

Tension of Liquids by Shock Waves
conference, January 2004

  • Utkin, Alexander V.
  • SHOCK COMPRESSION OF CONDENSED MATTER - 2003: Proceedings of the Conference of the American Physical Society Topical Group on Shock Compression of Condensed Matter, AIP Conference Proceedings
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.1780350

Cavitation in water induced by the reflection of shock waves
conference, January 1982

  • Marston, P. L.; Pullen, G. L.
  • AIP Conference Proceeding Volume 78
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.33318

Tensile failure of water due to shock wave interactions
journal, December 2004

  • Boteler, J. M.; Sutherland, G. T.
  • Journal of Applied Physics, Vol. 96, Issue 11
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.1810635

Strength of water under pulsed loading
journal, July 2000

  • Bogach, A. A.; Utkin, A. V.
  • Journal of Applied Mechanics and Technical Physics, Vol. 41, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1007/BF02466877

An experimental study of non-Newtonian properties of water under electroexplosive loading
journal, September 2014

  • Bannikova, I. A.; Uvarov, S. V.; Bayandin, Yu. V.
  • Technical Physics Letters, Vol. 40, Issue 9
  • DOI: 10.1134/S1063785014090041

Homogeneous Nucleation in Water in Microfluidic Channels
journal, July 2012


First lasing and operation of an ångstrom-wavelength free-electron laser
journal, August 2010


Liquid explosions induced by X-ray laser pulses
journal, May 2016

  • Stan, Claudiu A.; Milathianaki, Despina; Laksmono, Hartawan
  • Nature Physics, Vol. 12, Issue 10
  • DOI: 10.1038/nphys3779

On the refraction of shock waves
journal, January 1989


Critical Tension in a Liquid under Dynamic Conditions of Stressing
journal, May 1969

  • Couzens, D. C. F.; Trevena, D. H.
  • Nature, Vol. 222, Issue 5192
  • DOI: 10.1038/222473a0

Cavitation-induced fragmentation of an acoustically-levitated droplet
journal, December 2015


Nucleating bubble clouds with a pair of laser-induced shocks and bubbles
journal, September 2013


Water's tensile strength measured using an optofluidic chip
journal, January 2015

  • Li, Z. G.; Xiong, S.; Chin, L. K.
  • Lab on a Chip, Vol. 15, Issue 10
  • DOI: 10.1039/C5LC00048C

Sonoluminescence and bubble dynamics for a single, stable, cavitation bubble
journal, June 1992

  • Gaitan, D. Felipe; Crum, Lawrence A.; Church, Charles C.
  • The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, Vol. 91, Issue 6
  • DOI: 10.1121/1.402855

Sonoluminescence temperatures during multi-bubble cavitation
journal, October 1999

  • McNamara, William B.; Didenko, Yuri T.; Suslick, Kenneth S.
  • Nature, Vol. 401, Issue 6755
  • DOI: 10.1038/44536

Single-bubble sonoluminescence
journal, May 2002

  • Brenner, Michael P.; Hilgenfeldt, Sascha; Lohse, Detlef
  • Reviews of Modern Physics, Vol. 74, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1103/RevModPhys.74.425

Spall studies in uranium
journal, July 1977

  • Cochran, S.; Banner, D.
  • Journal of Applied Physics, Vol. 48, Issue 7
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.324125

Spallation model for the high strain rates range
journal, November 1998

  • Dekel, E.; Eliezer, S.; Henis, Z.
  • Journal of Applied Physics, Vol. 84, Issue 9
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.368727

Raman Thermometry Measurements of Free Evaporation from Liquid Water Droplets
journal, October 2006

  • Smith, Jared D.; Cappa, Christopher D.; Drisdell, Walter S.
  • Journal of the American Chemical Society, Vol. 128, Issue 39
  • DOI: 10.1021/ja063579v

Linearized dynamics of spherical bubble clouds
journal, February 1989


Dynamic failure in solids
journal, January 1977

  • Curran, Donald R.; Seaman, Lynn; Shockey, Donald A.
  • Physics Today, Vol. 30, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.3037367

Dynamic failure of solids
journal, March 1987


Theory and molecular dynamics modeling of spall fracture in liquids
journal, November 2010


Bubble Dynamics and Cavitation
journal, January 1977


The IAPWS Formulation 1995 for the Thermodynamic Properties of Ordinary Water Substance for General and Scientific Use
journal, June 2002

  • Wagner, W.; Pruß, A.
  • Journal of Physical and Chemical Reference Data, Vol. 31, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.1461829

Two phases?
journal, June 2014


Ultrafast Hydrogen-Bond Dynamics in the Infrared Spectroscopy of Water
journal, September 2003


Vibrational Spectroscopy as a Probe of Structure and Dynamics in Liquid Water
journal, March 2010

  • Bakker, H. J.; Skinner, J. L.
  • Chemical Reviews, Vol. 110, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1021/cr9001879

Vibrational Energy Relaxation and Spectral Diffusion in Water and Deuterated Water
journal, June 2000

  • Deàk, John C.; Rhea, Stuart T.; Iwaki, Lawrence K.
  • The Journal of Physical Chemistry A, Vol. 104, Issue 21
  • DOI: 10.1021/jp994492h

Ultrafast X-ray probing of water structure below the homogeneous ice nucleation temperature
journal, June 2014

  • Sellberg, J. A.; Huang, C.; McQueen, T. A.
  • Nature, Vol. 510, Issue 7505
  • DOI: 10.1038/nature13266

X-ray emission spectroscopy of bulk liquid water in “no-man’s land”
journal, January 2015

  • Sellberg, Jonas A.; McQueen, Trevor A.; Laksmono, Hartawan
  • The Journal of Chemical Physics, Vol. 142, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.4905603

High-intensity double-pulse X-ray free-electron laser
journal, March 2015

  • Marinelli, A.; Ratner, D.; Lutman, A. A.
  • Nature Communications, Vol. 6, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1038/ncomms7369

The Coherent X-ray Imaging instrument at the Linac Coherent Light Source
journal, April 2015

  • Liang, Mengning; Williams, Garth J.; Messerschmidt, Marc
  • Journal of Synchrotron Radiation, Vol. 22, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1107/S160057751500449X

Ultra-precise characterization of LCLS hard X-ray focusing mirrors by high resolution slope measuring deflectometry
journal, January 2012

  • Siewert, Frank; Buchheim, Jana; Boutet, Sébastien
  • Optics Express, Vol. 20, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1364/OE.20.004525

Works referencing / citing this record:

Shaping and Controlled Fragmentation of Liquid Metal Droplets through Cavitation
journal, January 2018


The role of shock waves on the biodamage induced by ion beam radiation
journal, July 2019

  • de Vera, Pablo; Surdutovich, Eugene; Solov’yov, Andrey V.
  • Cancer Nanotechnology, Vol. 10, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1186/s12645-019-0050-3

Fragmentation dynamics of liquid–metal droplets under ultra-short laser pulses
journal, January 2017

  • Basko, M. M.; Krivokorytov, M. S.; Yu Vinokhodov, A.
  • Laser Physics Letters, Vol. 14, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1088/1612-202x/aa539b

Smoothed particle hydrodynamics simulation of a laser pulse impact onto a liquid metal droplet
journal, September 2018


Molecular mechanism for cavitation in water under tension
journal, November 2016

  • Menzl, Georg; Gonzalez, Miguel A.; Geiger, Philipp
  • Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, Vol. 113, Issue 48
  • DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1608421113

Exploration of multifragmentation of Ar clusters with incident protons
journal, November 2019


Plasma-free water droplet shattering by long-wave infrared ultrashort pulses for efficient fog clearing
journal, January 2020


Expansion Dynamics after Laser-Induced Cavitation in Liquid Tin Microdroplets
journal, November 2018