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Title: Fundamental Understanding of the Interaction of Acid Gases with CeO 2 : From Surface Science to Practical Catalysis

Acid gases including CO 2, SO 2, and NO x are ubiquitous in large-scale energy applications including heterogeneous catalysis. The adverse environmental and health effects of these acid gases have resulted in high interest in the research and development of technologies to remove or convert these acid gases. The main challenge for the development of these technologies is to develop catalysts that are highly efficient, stable, and cost-effective, and many catalysts have been reported in this regard. CeO 2 and CeO 2-based catalysts have gained prominence in the removal and conversion of CO 2, SO 2, and NO x because of their structural robustness and redox and acid–base properties. In this article, we provide a brief overview of the application of CeO 2 and CeO 2-based catalysts for the removal of CO 2, SO 2, and NO x gases with an emphasis on the fundamental understanding of the interactions of these acid gases with CeO 2. The studies summarized in this review range from surface science using single crystals and thin films with precise crystallographic planes to practical catalysis applications of nanocrystalline and polycrystalline CeO 2 materials with defects and dopants. After an introduction to the properties of CeO 2more » surfaces, their catalytic properties for conversions of different acid gases are reviewed and discussed. Lastly, we find that the surface atomic structure, oxygen vacancies, and surface acid–base properties of CeO 2 play vital roles in the surface chemistry and structure evolution during the interactions of acid gases with CeO 2 and CeO 2-based catalysts.« less
Authors:
 [1] ;  [1] ;  [2]
  1. Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States). Chemical Sciences Division
  2. Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States). Chemical Sciences Division; Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States). Center for Nanophase Materials Science (CNMS)
Publication Date:
Grant/Contract Number:
AC05-00OR22725
Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Industrial and Engineering Chemistry Research
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 55; Journal Issue: 14; Journal ID: ISSN 0888-5885
Publisher:
American Chemical Society (ACS)
Research Org:
Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL, AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY
OSTI Identifier:
1295107