skip to main content
DOE PAGES title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: Evidence for climate change in the satellite cloud record

Abstract

Clouds substantially affect Earth’s energy budget by reflecting solar radiation back to space and by restricting emission of thermal radiation to space1. They are perhaps the largest uncertainty in our understanding of climate change, owing to disagreement among climate models and observational datasets over what cloud changes have occurred during recent decades and will occur in response to global warming2, 3. This is because observational systems originally designed for monitoring weather have lacked sufficient stability to detect cloud changes reliably over decades unless they have been corrected to remove artefacts4, 5. Here we show that several independent, empirically corrected satellite records exhibit large-scale patterns of cloud change between the 1980s and the 2000s that are similar to those produced by model simulations of climate with recent historical external radiative forcing. Observed and simulated cloud change patterns are consistent with poleward retreat of mid-latitude storm tracks, expansion of subtropical dry zones, and increasing height of the highest cloud tops at all latitudes. The primary drivers of these cloud changes appear to be increasing greenhouse gas concentrations and a recovery from volcanic radiative cooling. Here, these results indicate that the cloud changes most consistently predicted by global climate models are currently occurringmore » in nature.« less

Authors:
 [1];  [2];  [1];  [3];  [4];  [3]
  1. Univ. of California at San Diego, La Jolla, CA (United States)
  2. Univ. of California, Riverside, CA (United States)
  3. Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States)
  4. Colorado State Univ., Fort Collins, CO (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1289364
Report Number(s):
LLNL-JRNL-688338
Journal ID: ISSN 0028-0836
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC52-07NA27344
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Nature (London)
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Name: Nature (London); Journal Volume: 536; Journal Issue: 7614; Journal ID: ISSN 0028-0836
Publisher:
Nature Publishing Group
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
58 GEOSCIENCES

Citation Formats

Norris, Joel R., Allen, Robert J., Evan, Amato T., Zelinka, Mark D., O'Dell, Christopher W., and Klein, Stephen A.. Evidence for climate change in the satellite cloud record. United States: N. p., 2016. Web. https://doi.org/10.1038/nature18273.
Norris, Joel R., Allen, Robert J., Evan, Amato T., Zelinka, Mark D., O'Dell, Christopher W., & Klein, Stephen A.. Evidence for climate change in the satellite cloud record. United States. https://doi.org/10.1038/nature18273
Norris, Joel R., Allen, Robert J., Evan, Amato T., Zelinka, Mark D., O'Dell, Christopher W., and Klein, Stephen A.. Mon . "Evidence for climate change in the satellite cloud record". United States. https://doi.org/10.1038/nature18273. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1289364.
@article{osti_1289364,
title = {Evidence for climate change in the satellite cloud record},
author = {Norris, Joel R. and Allen, Robert J. and Evan, Amato T. and Zelinka, Mark D. and O'Dell, Christopher W. and Klein, Stephen A.},
abstractNote = {Clouds substantially affect Earth’s energy budget by reflecting solar radiation back to space and by restricting emission of thermal radiation to space1. They are perhaps the largest uncertainty in our understanding of climate change, owing to disagreement among climate models and observational datasets over what cloud changes have occurred during recent decades and will occur in response to global warming2, 3. This is because observational systems originally designed for monitoring weather have lacked sufficient stability to detect cloud changes reliably over decades unless they have been corrected to remove artefacts4, 5. Here we show that several independent, empirically corrected satellite records exhibit large-scale patterns of cloud change between the 1980s and the 2000s that are similar to those produced by model simulations of climate with recent historical external radiative forcing. Observed and simulated cloud change patterns are consistent with poleward retreat of mid-latitude storm tracks, expansion of subtropical dry zones, and increasing height of the highest cloud tops at all latitudes. The primary drivers of these cloud changes appear to be increasing greenhouse gas concentrations and a recovery from volcanic radiative cooling. Here, these results indicate that the cloud changes most consistently predicted by global climate models are currently occurring in nature.},
doi = {10.1038/nature18273},
journal = {Nature (London)},
number = 7614,
volume = 536,
place = {United States},
year = {2016},
month = {7}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record

Citation Metrics:
Cited by: 40 works
Citation information provided by
Web of Science

Save / Share:

Works referenced in this record:

Empirical Removal of Artifacts from the ISCCP and PATMOS-x Satellite Cloud Records
journal, April 2015


Stratospheric Ozone Depletion: The Main Driver of Twentieth-Century Atmospheric Circulation Changes in the Southern Hemisphere
text, January 2011

  • Polvani, Lorenzo M.; Waugh, Darryn W.; Correa, Gustavo P.
  • Columbia University
  • DOI: 10.7916/d86h4tjp

Cloud-Radiative Forcing and Climate: Results from the Earth Radiation Budget Experiment
journal, January 1989


Intercalibrated Passive Microwave Rain Products from the Unified Microwave Ocean Retrieval Algorithm (UMORA)
journal, March 2008

  • Hilburn, K. A.; Wentz, F. J.
  • Journal of Applied Meteorology and Climatology, Vol. 47, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1175/2007JAMC1635.1

Advances in Understanding Clouds from ISCCP
journal, November 1999


External Influences on Modeled and Observed Cloud Trends
journal, June 2015


An Overview of CMIP5 and the Experiment Design
journal, April 2012

  • Taylor, Karl E.; Stouffer, Ronald J.; Meehl, Gerald A.
  • Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, Vol. 93, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1175/BAMS-D-11-00094.1

An Assessment of the Primary Sources of Spread of Global Warming Estimates from Coupled Atmosphere–Ocean Models
journal, October 2008


Underestimation of deep convective cloud tops by thermal imagery: CLOUD TOP HEIGHTS
journal, June 2004

  • Sherwood, Steven C.; Chae, Jung-Hyo; Minnis, Patrick
  • Geophysical Research Letters, Vol. 31, Issue 11
  • DOI: 10.1029/2004GL019699

Toward Optimal Closure of the Earth's Top-of-Atmosphere Radiation Budget
journal, February 2009

  • Loeb, Norman G.; Wielicki, Bruce A.; Doelling, David R.
  • Journal of Climate, Vol. 22, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1175/2008JCLI2637.1

The Effective Number of Spatial Degrees of Freedom of a Time-Varying Field
journal, July 1999


Widening of the tropical belt in a changing climate
journal, December 2007

  • Seidel, Dian J.; Fu, Qiang; Randel, William J.
  • Nature Geoscience, Vol. 1, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1038/ngeo.2007.38

Solar radiative forcing at selected locations and evidence for global lower tropospheric cooling following the eruptions of El Chichón and Pinatubo
journal, December 1992

  • Dutton, Ellsworth G.; Christy, John R.
  • Geophysical Research Letters, Vol. 19, Issue 23
  • DOI: 10.1029/92GL02495

The ozone hole indirect effect: Cloud-radiative anomalies accompanying the poleward shift of the eddy-driven jet in the Southern Hemisphere: OZONE HOLE INDIRECT EFFECT
journal, July 2013

  • Grise, Kevin M.; Polvani, Lorenzo M.; Tselioudis, George
  • Geophysical Research Letters, Vol. 40, Issue 14
  • DOI: 10.1002/grl.50675

The ozone hole indirect effect: Cloud-radiative anomalies accompanying the poleward shift of the eddy-driven jet in the Southern Hemisphere
text, January 2013

  • Grise, Kevin M.; Polvani, Lorenzo M.; Tselioudis, George
  • Columbia University
  • DOI: 10.7916/d86119bt

ENSO-like Interdecadal Variability: 1900–93
journal, May 1997


Stratospheric Ozone Depletion: The Main Driver of Twentieth-Century Atmospheric Circulation Changes in the Southern Hemisphere
journal, February 2011

  • Polvani, Lorenzo M.; Waugh, Darryn W.; Correa, Gustavo J. P.
  • Journal of Climate, Vol. 24, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1175/2010JCLI3772.1

Stratospheric temperature increases due to Pinatubo aerosols
journal, January 1992

  • Labitzke, K.; McCormick, M. P.
  • Geophysical Research Letters, Vol. 19, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1029/91GL02940

Cloud Feedback Processes in a General Circulation Model
journal, April 1988


Where and when will we observe cloud changes due to climate warming?
journal, December 2014

  • Chepfer, H.; Noel, V.; Winker, D.
  • Geophysical Research Letters, Vol. 41, Issue 23
  • DOI: 10.1002/2014GL061792

The Pathfinder Atmospheres–Extended AVHRR Climate Dataset
journal, June 2014

  • Heidinger, Andrew K.; Foster, Michael J.; Walther, Andi
  • Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, Vol. 95, Issue 6
  • DOI: 10.1175/BAMS-D-12-00246.1

Response of the large-scale structure of the atmosphere to global warming: Response of Atmospheric Structure to Global Warming
journal, November 2014

  • Vallis, Geoffrey K.; Zurita-Gotor, Pablo; Cairns, Cameron
  • Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society, Vol. 141, Issue 690
  • DOI: 10.1002/qj.2456

An important constraint on tropical cloud - climate feedback: TROPICAL CLOUD-CLIMATE FEEDBACK
journal, October 2002

  • Hartmann, Dennis L.; Larson, Kristin
  • Geophysical Research Letters, Vol. 29, Issue 20
  • DOI: 10.1029/2002GL015835

Why is longwave cloud feedback positive?
journal, January 2010

  • Zelinka, Mark D.; Hartmann, Dennis L.
  • Journal of Geophysical Research, Vol. 115, Issue D16
  • DOI: 10.1029/2010JD013817

Earth Radiation Budget Experiment (ERBE) Archival and April 1985 Results
journal, October 1989


Arguments against a physical long-term trend in global ISCCP cloud amounts
journal, January 2007

  • Evan, Amato T.; Heidinger, Andrew K.; Vimont, Daniel J.
  • Geophysical Research Letters, Vol. 34, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1029/2006GL028083

Cloud Liquid Water Path from Satellite-Based Passive Microwave Observations: A New Climatology over the Global Oceans
journal, April 2008

  • O’Dell, Christopher W.; Wentz, Frank J.; Bennartz, Ralf
  • Journal of Climate, Vol. 21, Issue 8
  • DOI: 10.1175/2007JCLI1958.1

Clouds and the Earth's Radiant Energy System (CERES): An Earth Observing System Experiment
journal, May 1996


Nonlinear Axially Symmetric Circulations in a Nearly Inviscid Atmosphere
journal, March 1980


COSP: Satellite simulation software for model assessment
journal, August 2011

  • Bodas-Salcedo, A.; Webb, M. J.; Bony, S.
  • Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, Vol. 92, Issue 8
  • DOI: 10.1175/2011BAMS2856.1

Changes in extratropical storm track cloudiness 1983–2008: observational support for a poleward shift
journal, April 2011

  • Bender, Frida A-M.; Ramanathan, V.; Tselioudis, George
  • Climate Dynamics, Vol. 38, Issue 9-10
  • DOI: 10.1007/s00382-011-1065-6

Trends in ISCCP, MISR, and MODIS cloud-top-height and optical-depth histograms: TRENDS IN CTH-OD HISTOGRAMS
journal, February 2013

  • Marchand, Roger
  • Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, Vol. 118, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1002/jgrd.50207

    Works referencing / citing this record:

    The Potential of a Multidecade Spaceborne Lidar Record to Constrain Cloud Feedback
    journal, May 2018

    • Chepfer, H.; Noel, V.; Chiriaco, M.
    • Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, Vol. 123, Issue 10
    • DOI: 10.1002/2017jd027742

    Cloud heights measured by MISR from 2000 to 2015: CLOUD HEIGHTS IN 15 YEARS
    journal, April 2017

    • Davies, Roger; Jovanovic, Veljko M.; Moroney, Catherine M.
    • Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, Vol. 122, Issue 7
    • DOI: 10.1002/2017jd026456

    Effect of elevated CO2, high temperature, and water deficit on growth, photosynthesis, and whole plant water use efficiency of cocoa (Theobroma cacao L.)
    journal, August 2019

    • Hebbar, K. B.; Apshara, Elain; Chandran, K. P.
    • International Journal of Biometeorology, Vol. 64, Issue 1
    • DOI: 10.1007/s00484-019-01792-0

    Historical observations of cloudiness (1882–2012) over a large urban area of the eastern Mediterranean (Athens)
    journal, August 2018

    • Founda, Dimitra; Nastos, P. T.; Pierros, F.
    • Theoretical and Applied Climatology, Vol. 137, Issue 1-2
    • DOI: 10.1007/s00704-018-2596-0

    Fast hyperspectral phase and amplitude imaging in scattering tissue
    journal, January 2018

    • Ba, Cong; Tsang, Jean-Marc; Mertz, Jerome
    • Optics Letters, Vol. 43, Issue 9
    • DOI: 10.1364/ol.43.002058

    Using Space Lidar Observations to Decompose Longwave Cloud Radiative Effect Variations Over the Last Decade: Space lidar decomposes LWCRE variations
    journal, December 2017

    • Vaillant de Guélis, Thibault; Chepfer, Hélène; Noel, Vincent
    • Geophysical Research Letters, Vol. 44, Issue 23
    • DOI: 10.1002/2017gl074628

    Quantification and identification of lightning damage in tropical forests
    journal, June 2017

    • Yanoviak, Stephen P.; Gora, Evan M.; Burchfield, Jeffrey M.
    • Ecology and Evolution, Vol. 7, Issue 14
    • DOI: 10.1002/ece3.3095

    Footprint-scale cloud type mixtures and their impacts on Atmospheric Infrared Sounder cloud property retrievals
    journal, January 2019

    • Guillaume, Alexandre; Kahn, Brian H.; Fetzer, Eric J.
    • Atmospheric Measurement Techniques, Vol. 12, Issue 8
    • DOI: 10.5194/amt-12-4361-2019

    Global spectroscopic survey of cloud thermodynamic phase at high spatial resolution, 2005–2015
    journal, January 2018

    • Thompson, David R.; Kahn, Brian H.; Green, Robert O.
    • Atmospheric Measurement Techniques, Vol. 11, Issue 2
    • DOI: 10.5194/amt-11-1019-2018

    A simulator for the CLARA-A2 cloud climate data record and its application to assess EC-Earth polar cloudiness
    journal, January 2020

    • Eliasson, Salomon; Karlsson, Karl-Göran; Willén, Ulrika
    • Geoscientific Model Development, Vol. 13, Issue 1
    • DOI: 10.5194/gmd-13-297-2020

    The twenty-first century Colorado River hot drought and implications for the future: COLORADO RIVER FLOW LOSS
    journal, March 2017

    • Udall, Bradley; Overpeck, Jonathan
    • Water Resources Research, Vol. 53, Issue 3
    • DOI: 10.1002/2016wr019638

    Decreasing cloud cover drives the recent mass loss on the Greenland Ice Sheet
    journal, June 2017

    • Hofer, Stefan; Tedstone, Andrew J.; Fettweis, Xavier
    • Science Advances, Vol. 3, Issue 6
    • DOI: 10.1126/sciadv.1700584

    Cloud Cover Feedback Moderates Fennoscandian Summer Temperature Changes Over the Past 1,000 Years
    journal, March 2019

    • Young, Giles H. F.; Gagen, Mary H.; Loader, Neil J.
    • Geophysical Research Letters, Vol. 46, Issue 5
    • DOI: 10.1029/2018gl081046

    Fast Cloud Segmentation Using Convolutional Neural Networks
    journal, November 2018

    • Drönner, Johannes; Korfhage, Nikolaus; Egli, Sebastian
    • Remote Sensing, Vol. 10, Issue 11
    • DOI: 10.3390/rs10111782

    Enhanced equatorial warming causes deep-tropical contraction and subtropical monsoon shift
    journal, October 2019


    Diffuse light and wetting differentially affect tropical tree leaf photosynthesis
    journal, September 2019

    • Berry, Z. Carter; Goldsmith, Gregory R.
    • New Phytologist, Vol. 225, Issue 1
    • DOI: 10.1111/nph.16121

    Cloud radiative effect, cloud fraction and cloud type at two stations in Switzerland using hemispherical sky cameras
    journal, January 2017

    • Aebi, Christine; Gröbner, Julian; Kämpfer, Niklaus
    • Atmospheric Measurement Techniques, Vol. 10, Issue 12
    • DOI: 10.5194/amt-10-4587-2017

    Precipitation, circulation, and cloud variability over the past two decades: Precipitation, Circulation, and Cloud
    journal, September 2017

    • Kao, Angela; Jiang, Xun; Li, Liming
    • Earth and Space Science, Vol. 4, Issue 9
    • DOI: 10.1002/2017ea000319

    Host species, and not environment, predicts variation in blood parasite prevalence, distribution, and diversity along a humidity gradient in northern South America
    journal, March 2018

    • Pulgarín-R, Paulo C.; Gómez, Juan P.; Robinson, Scott
    • Ecology and Evolution, Vol. 8, Issue 8
    • DOI: 10.1002/ece3.3785

    An Uncertainty Data Set for Passive Microwave Satellite Observations of Warm Cloud Liquid Water Path
    journal, April 2018

    • Greenwald, Thomas J.; Bennartz, Ralf; Lebsock, Matthew
    • Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, Vol. 123, Issue 7
    • DOI: 10.1002/2017jd027638

    Processes Responsible for Cloud Feedback
    journal, October 2016


    Cirrus Clouds and Their Response to Anthropogenic Activities
    journal, February 2017


    Ice cloud microphysical trends observed by the Atmospheric Infrared Sounder
    journal, January 2018

    • Kahn, Brian H.; Takahashi, Hanii; Stephens, Graeme L.
    • Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, Vol. 18, Issue 14
    • DOI: 10.5194/acp-18-10715-2018

    Identifying Meteorological Controls on Open and Closed Mesoscale Cellular Convection Associated with Marine Cold Air Outbreaks: Meteorological Controls on MCC Clouds
    journal, November 2017

    • McCoy, Isabel L.; Wood, Robert; Fletcher, Jennifer K.
    • Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, Vol. 122, Issue 21
    • DOI: 10.1002/2017jd027031

    When Will Spaceborne Cloud Radar Detect Upward Shifts in Cloud Heights?
    journal, July 2019

    • Takahashi, Hanii; Lebsock, Matthew D.; Richardson, Mark
    • Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres
    • DOI: 10.1029/2018jd030242

    Observational Constraints on Cloud Feedbacks: The Role of Active Satellite Sensors
    journal, November 2017


    A simple equation to study changes in rainfall statistics
    journal, July 2019

    • Benestad, Rasmus E.; Parding, Kajsa M.; Erlandsen, Helene B.
    • Environmental Research Letters, Vol. 14, Issue 8
    • DOI: 10.1088/1748-9326/ab2bb2

    Biogeographical variation in specific IgE recognition of temperate and subtropical grass pollen allergens in allergic rhinitis patients
    journal, January 2020

    • Kailaivasan, Thina H.; Timbrell, Victoria L.; Solley, Graham
    • Clinical & Translational Immunology, Vol. 9, Issue 2
    • DOI: 10.1002/cti2.1103

    Beyond equilibrium climate sensitivity
    journal, September 2017

    • Knutti, Reto; Rugenstein, Maria A. A.; Hegerl, Gabriele C.
    • Nature Geoscience, Vol. 10, Issue 10
    • DOI: 10.1038/ngeo3017

    Isolating the Liquid Cloud Response to Recent Arctic Sea Ice Variability Using Spaceborne Lidar Observations
    journal, January 2018

    • Morrison, A. L.; Kay, J. E.; Chepfer, H.
    • Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, Vol. 123, Issue 1
    • DOI: 10.1002/2017jd027248

    Climatic and local stressor interactions threaten tropical forests and coral reefs
    journal, January 2020

    • França, Filipe M.; Benkwitt, Cassandra E.; Peralta, Guadalupe
    • Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, Vol. 375, Issue 1794
    • DOI: 10.1098/rstb.2019.0116

    Ozone–climate interactions and effects on solar ultraviolet radiation
    journal, January 2019

    • Bais, A. F.; Bernhard, G.; McKenzie, R. L.
    • Photochemical & Photobiological Sciences, Vol. 18, Issue 3
    • DOI: 10.1039/c8pp90059k

    Well below 2 °C: Mitigation strategies for avoiding dangerous to catastrophic climate changes
    journal, September 2017

    • Xu, Yangyang; Ramanathan, Veerabhadran
    • Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, Vol. 114, Issue 39
    • DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1618481114

    The Cloud_cci simulator v1.0 for the Cloud_cci climate data record and its application to a global and a regional climate model
    journal, January 2019

    • Eliasson, Salomon; Karlsson, Karl Göran; van Meijgaard, Erik
    • Geoscientific Model Development, Vol. 12, Issue 2
    • DOI: 10.5194/gmd-12-829-2019

    Cloud feedback mechanisms and their representation in global climate models: Cloud feedback mechanisms and their representation in GCMs
    journal, May 2017

    • Ceppi, Paulo; Brient, Florent; Zelinka, Mark D.
    • Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews: Climate Change, Vol. 8, Issue 4
    • DOI: 10.1002/wcc.465

    Cloud property datasets retrieved from AVHRR, MODIS, AATSR and MERIS in the framework of the Cloud_cci project
    journal, January 2017

    • Stengel, Martin; Stapelberg, Stefan; Sus, Oliver
    • Earth System Science Data, Vol. 9, Issue 2
    • DOI: 10.5194/essd-9-881-2017

    CLARA-A2: the second edition of the CM SAF cloud and radiation data record from 34 years of global AVHRR data
    journal, January 2017

    • Karlsson, Karl-Göran; Anttila, Kati; Trentmann, Jörg
    • Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, Vol. 17, Issue 9
    • DOI: 10.5194/acp-17-5809-2017

    Decreasing cloud cover drives the recent mass loss on the Greenland Ice Sheet
    text, January 2017


    The global aerosol‐cloud first indirect effect estimated using MODIS, MERRA, and AeroCom
    journal, February 2017

    • McCoy, D. T.; Bender, F. A. ‐M.; Mohrmann, J. K. C.
    • Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, Vol. 122, Issue 3
    • DOI: 10.1002/2016jd026141

    Constraints to Vegetation Growth Reduced by Region-Specific Changes in Seasonal Climate
    journal, February 2019

    • Hashimoto, Hirofumi; Nemani, Ramakrishna; Bala, Govindasamy
    • Climate, Vol. 7, Issue 2
    • DOI: 10.3390/cli7020027

    Cloud feedbacks in extratropical cyclones: insight from long-term satellite data and high-resolution global simulations
    journal, January 2019

    • McCoy, Daniel T.; Field, Paul R.; Elsaesser, Gregory S.
    • Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, Vol. 19, Issue 2
    • DOI: 10.5194/acp-19-1147-2019

    Impacts of 3D Aerosol, Cloud, and Water Vapor Variations on the Recent Brightening during the South Asian Monsoon Season
    journal, April 2018

    • Pan, Zengxin; Mao, Feiyue; Wang, Wei
    • Remote Sensing, Vol. 10, Issue 4
    • DOI: 10.3390/rs10040651

    Isotopic constraints on the atmospheric sources and formation of nitrogenous species in clouds influenced by biomass burning
    journal, January 2019

    • Chang, Yunhua; Zhang, Yan-Lin; Li, Jiarong
    • Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, Vol. 19, Issue 19
    • DOI: 10.5194/acp-19-12221-2019

    Implications of a decrease in the precipitation area for the past and the future
    journal, April 2018


    Assessing the effects of artificial light at night on biodiversity across latitude – Current knowledge gaps
    journal, November 2019

    • Secondi, Jean; Davranche, Aurélie; Théry, Marc
    • Global Ecology and Biogeography, Vol. 29, Issue 3
    • DOI: 10.1111/geb.13037

    Evaluation of CLARA-A2 and ISCCP-H Cloud Cover Climate Data Records over Europe with ECA&D Ground-Based Measurements
    journal, January 2019

    • Tzallas, Vasileios; Hatzianastassiou, Nikolaos; Benas, Nikos
    • Remote Sensing, Vol. 11, Issue 2
    • DOI: 10.3390/rs11020212

    Seasonal and Interannual Variability of Satellite‐Derived Photosynthetically Available Radiation Over the Tropical Oceans
    journal, May 2019

    • Tan, J.; Frouin, R.
    • Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, Vol. 124, Issue 5
    • DOI: 10.1029/2019jc014942