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Title: Effect of interstitial impurities on the field dependent microwave surface resistance of niobium

Previous work has demonstrated that the radio frequency surface resistance of niobium resonators is dramatically reduced when nitrogen impurities are dissolved as interstitial in the material. The origin of this effect is attributed to the lowering of the Mattis and Bardeen surface resistance contribution with increasing accelerating field. Meanwhile, an enhancement of the sensitivity to trapped magnetic field is typically observed for such cavities. In this paper we conduct the first systematic study on these different components contributing to the total surface resistance as a function of different levels of dissolved nitrogen, in comparison with standard surface treatments for niobium resonators. Adding these results together we are able to show for the first time which is the optimum surface treatment that maximizes the Q-factor of superconducting niobium resonators as a function of expected trapped magnetic field in the cavity walls. Lastly, these results also provide new insights on the physics behind the change in the field dependence of the Mattis and Bardeen surface resistance, and of the trapped magnetic vortex induced losses in superconducting niobium resonators.
ORCiD logo [1] ;  [2] ;  [1] ;  [2] ; ORCiD logo [2] ; ORCiD logo [2] ;  [2] ;  [3]
  1. Fermi National Accelerator Lab. (FNAL), Batavia, IL (United States); Illinois Inst. of Technology, Chicago, IL (United States)
  2. Fermi National Accelerator Lab. (FNAL), Batavia, IL (United States)
  3. Illinois Inst. of Technology, Chicago, IL (United States)
Publication Date:
Report Number(s):
arXiv:1606.04174; FERMILAB-PUB-16-362-TD
Journal ID: ISSN 0003-6951; APPLAB; 1469277
Grant/Contract Number:
Published Article
Journal Name:
Applied Physics Letters
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 109; Journal Issue: 6; Journal ID: ISSN 0003-6951
American Institute of Physics (AIP)
Research Org:
Fermi National Accelerator Lab. (FNAL), Batavia, IL (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), High Energy Physics (HEP) (SC-25)
Country of Publication:
United States
43 PARTICLE ACCELERATORS; BCS theory; surface finishing; cavitation; niobium; magnetic fields
OSTI Identifier:
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1325211; OSTI ID: 1420656