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Title: Dispersion of nanocrystalline Fe 3O 4 within composite electrodes: Insights on battery-related electrochemistry

Aggregation of nanosized materials in composite lithium-ion-battery electrodes can be a significant factor influencing electrochemical behavior. In this study, aggregation was controlled in magnetite, Fe 3O 4, composite electrodes via oleic acid capping and subsequent dispersion in a carbon black matrix. A heat treatment process was effective in the removal of the oleic acid capping agent while preserving a high degree of Fe 3O 4 dispersion. Electrochemical testing showed that Fe 3O 4 dispersion is initially beneficial in delivering a higher functional capacity, in agreement with continuum model simulations. However, increased capacity fade upon extended cycling was observed for the dispersed Fe 3O 4 composites relative to the aggregated Fe 3O 4 composites. X-ray absorption spectroscopy measurements of electrodes post cycling indicated that the dispersed Fe 3O 4 electrodes are more oxidized in the discharged state, consistent with reduced reversibility compared with the aggregated sample. Higher charge-transfer resistance for the dispersed sample after cycling suggests increased surface-film formation on the dispersed, high-surface-area nanocrystalline Fe 3O 4 compared to the aggregated materials. Furthermore, this study provides insight into the specific effects of aggregation on electrochemistry through a multiscale view of mechanisms for magnetite composite electrodes.
;  [1] ;  [2] ;  [2] ;  [2] ;  [3] ;  [2] ;  [2] ;  [3] ;  [1] ;  [1]
  1. Stony Brook Univ., Stony Brook, NY (United States)
  2. Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States)
  3. Columbia Univ., New York, NY (United States)
Publication Date:
Report Number(s):
Journal ID: ISSN 1944-8244
Grant/Contract Number:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
ACS Applied Materials and Interfaces
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 8; Journal Issue: 18; Journal ID: ISSN 1944-8244
American Chemical Society
Research Org:
Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL), Upton, NY (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22)
Country of Publication:
United States
25 ENERGY STORAGE; magnetite; composite; aggregate; EXAFS; lithium-ion battery; electrochemical impedance spectroscopy; TXM
OSTI Identifier: