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Title: Recent status and improvement of reduced-activation ferritic-martensitic steels for high-temperature service

Abstract

Reduced-activation ferritic-martensitic (RAFM) steels, candidate structural materials for fusion reactors, have achieved technological maturity after about three decades of research and development. The recent status of a few developmental aspects of current RAFM steels, such as aging resistance, plate thickness effects, fracture toughness, and fatigue, is updated in this paper, together with ongoing efforts to develop next-generation RAFM steels for superior high-temperature performance. Additionally, to thermomechanical treatments, including nonstandard heat treatment, alloy chemistry refinements and modifications have demonstrated some improvements in high-temperature performance. Castable nanostructured alloys (CNAs) were developed by significantly increasing the amount of nanoscale MX (M = V/Ta/Ti, X = C/N) precipitates and reducing coarse M23C6 (M = Cr). Preliminary results showed promising improvement in creep resistance and Charpy impact toughness. We present and compare limited low-dose neutron irradiation results for one of the CNAs and China low activation martensitic with data for F82H and Eurofer97 irradiated up to ~70 displacements per atom at ~300–325 °C.

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1];  [1];  [2];  [2]; ORCiD logo [3];  [4];  [5];  [6]
  1. Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
  2. Saclay Nuclear Research Centre (France)
  3. Karlsruhe Inst. of Technology (Germany)
  4. Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States); National Inst. for Quantum and Radiological Science and Technology, Aomori (Japan)
  5. National Inst. for Quantum and Radiological Science and Technology, Aomori (Japan)
  6. Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS), Anhui (China)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Fusion Energy Sciences (FES)
OSTI Identifier:
1286969
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1359434
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC05-00OR22725
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Journal of Nuclear Materials
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 479; Journal Issue: C; Journal ID: ISSN 0022-3115
Publisher:
Elsevier
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; 70 PLASMA PHYSICS AND FUSION TECHNOLOGY

Citation Formats

Tan, L., Katoh, Y., Tavassoli, A. -A. F., Henry, J., Rieth, M., Sakasegawa, H., Tanigawa, H., and Huang, Q. Recent status and improvement of reduced-activation ferritic-martensitic steels for high-temperature service. United States: N. p., 2016. Web. doi:10.1016/j.jnucmat.2016.07.054.
Tan, L., Katoh, Y., Tavassoli, A. -A. F., Henry, J., Rieth, M., Sakasegawa, H., Tanigawa, H., & Huang, Q. Recent status and improvement of reduced-activation ferritic-martensitic steels for high-temperature service. United States. doi:10.1016/j.jnucmat.2016.07.054.
Tan, L., Katoh, Y., Tavassoli, A. -A. F., Henry, J., Rieth, M., Sakasegawa, H., Tanigawa, H., and Huang, Q. Tue . "Recent status and improvement of reduced-activation ferritic-martensitic steels for high-temperature service". United States. doi:10.1016/j.jnucmat.2016.07.054. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1286969.
@article{osti_1286969,
title = {Recent status and improvement of reduced-activation ferritic-martensitic steels for high-temperature service},
author = {Tan, L. and Katoh, Y. and Tavassoli, A. -A. F. and Henry, J. and Rieth, M. and Sakasegawa, H. and Tanigawa, H. and Huang, Q.},
abstractNote = {Reduced-activation ferritic-martensitic (RAFM) steels, candidate structural materials for fusion reactors, have achieved technological maturity after about three decades of research and development. The recent status of a few developmental aspects of current RAFM steels, such as aging resistance, plate thickness effects, fracture toughness, and fatigue, is updated in this paper, together with ongoing efforts to develop next-generation RAFM steels for superior high-temperature performance. Additionally, to thermomechanical treatments, including nonstandard heat treatment, alloy chemistry refinements and modifications have demonstrated some improvements in high-temperature performance. Castable nanostructured alloys (CNAs) were developed by significantly increasing the amount of nanoscale MX (M = V/Ta/Ti, X = C/N) precipitates and reducing coarse M23C6 (M = Cr). Preliminary results showed promising improvement in creep resistance and Charpy impact toughness. We present and compare limited low-dose neutron irradiation results for one of the CNAs and China low activation martensitic with data for F82H and Eurofer97 irradiated up to ~70 displacements per atom at ~300–325 °C.},
doi = {10.1016/j.jnucmat.2016.07.054},
journal = {Journal of Nuclear Materials},
number = C,
volume = 479,
place = {United States},
year = {2016},
month = {7}
}

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Works referencing / citing this record:

Evaluation of Hot Deformation and Dynamic Recrystallization Behaviors of Advanced Reduced-Activated Alloy (ARAA)
journal, January 2019

  • Kim, Sang-Wook; Son, Hyeon-Woo; Jung, Taek-Kyun
  • Metals and Materials International, Vol. 25, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1007/s12540-019-00242-1

Evaluation of Hot Deformation and Dynamic Recrystallization Behaviors of Advanced Reduced-Activated Alloy (ARAA)
journal, January 2019

  • Kim, Sang-Wook; Son, Hyeon-Woo; Jung, Taek-Kyun
  • Metals and Materials International, Vol. 25, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1007/s12540-019-00242-1