skip to main content

DOE PAGESDOE PAGES

Title: Scintillation properties of Eu 2+-doped KBa 2I 5 and K 2BaI 4

We report two new ternary metal halide scintillators, KBa 2I 5 and K 2BaI 4, activated with divalent europium. Single crystal X-ray diffraction measurements confirmed that KBa 2I 5 has a monoclinic structure (P2 1/c) and that K 2BaI 4 has a rhombohedral structure (R3c). Differential scanning calorimetry showed singular melting and crystallization points, making these compounds viable candidates for melt growth. We grew 13 mm diameter single crystals of KBa 2I 5:Eu 2+ and K 2BaI 4:Eu2+ in evacuated quartz ampoules via the vertical Bridgman technique. The optimal Eu 2+ concentration was 4% for KBa 2I 5 and 7% for K 2BaI 4. The X-ray excited emissions at 444 nm for KBa 2I 5:Eu 4% and 448 nm for K 2BaI 4:Eu 7% arise from the 5d-4f radiative transition in Eu 2+. KBa 2I 5:Eu 4% has a light yield of 90,000 photons/MeV, with an energy resolution of 2.4% and K 2BaI 4:Eu 7% has a light yield of 63,000 ph/MeV, with an energy resolution of 2.9% at 662 keV. Both crystals have an excellent proportional response to a wide range of gamma-ray energies.
Authors:
 [1] ;  [2] ;  [3] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [2]
  1. Univ. of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN (United States). Scintillation Materials Research Center
  2. Univ. of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN (United States)
  3. Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
Publication Date:
Grant/Contract Number:
AC05-00OR22725
Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Journal of Luminescence
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 169; Journal ID: ISSN 0022-2313
Publisher:
Elsevier
Research Org:
Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; scintillator; crystal structure; x-ray diffraction; crystal growth
OSTI Identifier:
1286894
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1396526