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Title: Oxidative dehydrogenation of isobutane over vanadia catalysts supported by titania nanoshapes

Support plays a complex role in catalysis by supported metal oxides and the exact support effect still remains elusive. One of the approaches to gain fundamental insights into the support effect is to utilize model support systems. In this study, we employed for the first time titania nanoshapes as the model supports and investigated how the variation of surface structure of the support (titania, TiO 2) impacts the catalysis of supported oxide (vanadia, VO x). TiO 2 truncated rhombi, spheres and rods were synthesized via hydrothermal method and characterized with XRD and TEM. These TiO 2 nanoshapes represent different mixtures of surface facets including [1 0 1], [0 1 0] and [0 0 1] and were used to support vanadia. The structure of supported VO x species was characterized in detail with in situ Raman spectroscopy as a function of loading on the three TiO 2 nanoshapes. Oxidative dehydrogenation (ODH) of isobutane to isobutene was used as a model reaction to test how the support shape influences the activity, selectivity and activation energy of the surface VO x species. It was shown that the shape of TiO 2 support does not pose evident effect on either the structure of surfacemore » VO x species or the catalytic performance of surface VO x species in isobutane ODH reaction. Finally, this insignificant support shape effect was ascribed to the small difference in the surface oxygen vacancy formation energy among the different TiO 2 surfaces and the multi-faceting nature of the TiO 2 nanoshapes.« less
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  1. Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States). Center for Nanophase Materials Science (CNMS)
Publication Date:
Grant/Contract Number:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Catalysis Today
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 263; Journal ID: ISSN 0920-5861
Research Org:
Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States). Center for Nanophase Materials Sciences (CNMS)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22)
Country of Publication:
United States
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; 37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL, AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY; Titania; Vanadia; Support effect; Nanoshapes; Surface facets; Surface structure; Oxygen vacancy formation energy; Isobutane oxidative dehydrogenation; Raman spectroscopy
OSTI Identifier:
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1252539