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Title: Cation and Vacancy Disorder in U 1-yNd yO 2.00-X Alloys

In this study, the intermixing and clustering of U/Nd, O, and vacancies were studied by both laboratory and synchrotron-based x-ray diffraction in U 1-yNd yO 2-X alloys. It was found that an increased holding time at the high experimental temperature during initial alloy preparation results in a lower disorder of the Nd distribution in the alloys. Adjustment of the oxygen concentration in the U 1-yNd yO 2-X alloys with different Nd concentrations was accompanied by the formation of vacancies on the oxygen sublattice and a nanocrystalline component. The lattice parameters in the U 1-yNd yO 2-X alloys were also found to deviate significantly from Vegard's law when the Nd concentration was high (53%) and decreased with increasing oxygen concentration. Such changes indicate the formation of large vacancy concentrations during oxygen adjustment at these high temperatures. Finally, the change in the vacancy concentration after the oxygen adjustment was estimated relative to Nd concentration and oxygen stoichiometry.
 [1] ;  [1] ;  [2] ;  [3] ;  [3] ;  [4] ;  [4]
  1. Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
  2. Univ. of Wyoming, Laramie, WY (United States)
  3. Univ. of South Carolina, Columbia, SC (United States)
  4. Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States)
Publication Date:
Report Number(s):
Journal ID: ISSN 0884-2914; AF5810000; NEAF224
Grant/Contract Number:
AC05-00OR22725; SC00112704
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Journal of Materials Research
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 30; Journal Issue: 20; Journal ID: ISSN 0884-2914
Materials Research Society
Research Org:
Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States); Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL), Upton, NY (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Nuclear Energy (NE); BNL Program Development
Country of Publication:
United States
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; 37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL, AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY; x-ray diffraction (XRD); alloy; nuclear materials; sublattice; nanocrystalline; U1–yNdyO2–x alloys; Vegards Law
OSTI Identifier:
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1341513