skip to main content
DOE PAGES title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: Lignin-Derived Advanced Carbon Materials

Abstract

Lignin is a highly abundant source of renewable carbon that can be considered as a valuable sustainable source of biobased materials. By applying specific pretreatments and manufacturing methods, it has been found that lignin can be converted into a variety of value-added carbon materials. However, the physical and chemical heterogeneities of lignin complicate its use as a feedstock. Herein, we discuss the lignin manufacturing process, the effects of pretreatments and manufacturing methods on the properties of product lignin, and structure–property relationships in various applications of lignin-derived carbon materials, such as carbon fibers, carbon mats, activated carbons, carbon films, and templated carbon.

Authors:
 [1];  [1]
  1. Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States). Chemical Sciences Division
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Laboratory Directed Research and Development (LDRD) Program
OSTI Identifier:
1286818
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC05-00OR22725
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
ChemSusChem
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 8; Journal Issue: 23; Journal ID: ISSN 1864-5631
Publisher:
ChemPubSoc Europe
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE

Citation Formats

Chatterjee, Sabornie, and Saito, Tomonori. Lignin-Derived Advanced Carbon Materials. United States: N. p., 2015. Web. doi:10.1002/cssc.201500692.
Chatterjee, Sabornie, & Saito, Tomonori. Lignin-Derived Advanced Carbon Materials. United States. doi:https://doi.org/10.1002/cssc.201500692
Chatterjee, Sabornie, and Saito, Tomonori. Mon . "Lignin-Derived Advanced Carbon Materials". United States. doi:https://doi.org/10.1002/cssc.201500692. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1286818.
@article{osti_1286818,
title = {Lignin-Derived Advanced Carbon Materials},
author = {Chatterjee, Sabornie and Saito, Tomonori},
abstractNote = {Lignin is a highly abundant source of renewable carbon that can be considered as a valuable sustainable source of biobased materials. By applying specific pretreatments and manufacturing methods, it has been found that lignin can be converted into a variety of value-added carbon materials. However, the physical and chemical heterogeneities of lignin complicate its use as a feedstock. Herein, we discuss the lignin manufacturing process, the effects of pretreatments and manufacturing methods on the properties of product lignin, and structure–property relationships in various applications of lignin-derived carbon materials, such as carbon fibers, carbon mats, activated carbons, carbon films, and templated carbon.},
doi = {10.1002/cssc.201500692},
journal = {ChemSusChem},
number = 23,
volume = 8,
place = {United States},
year = {2015},
month = {11}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record

Citation Metrics:
Cited by: 25 works
Citation information provided by
Web of Science

Save / Share:

Works referenced in this record:

The Catalytic Valorization of Lignin for the Production of Renewable Chemicals
journal, June 2010

  • Zakzeski, Joseph; Bruijnincx, Pieter C. A.; Jongerius, Anna L.
  • Chemical Reviews, Vol. 110, Issue 6, p. 3552-3599
  • DOI: 10.1021/cr900354u

Synthesis and characterization of lignin-based carbon materials with tunable microstructure
journal, January 2014

  • Chatterjee, Sabornie; Clingenpeel, Amy; McKenna, Amy
  • RSC Adv., Vol. 4, Issue 9
  • DOI: 10.1039/C3RA46928J

Turning renewable resources into value-added polymer: development of lignin-based thermoplastic
journal, January 2012

  • Saito, Tomonori; Brown, Rebecca H.; Hunt, Marcus A.
  • Green Chemistry, Vol. 14, Issue 12, p. 3295-3303
  • DOI: 10.1039/c2gc35933b

Lignin-Derived Fused Electrospun Carbon Fibrous Mats as High Performance Anode Materials for Lithium Ion Batteries
journal, November 2013

  • Wang, Su-Xi; Yang, Liping; Stubbs, Ludger Paul
  • ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces, Vol. 5, Issue 23
  • DOI: 10.1021/am4043867

Carbon Fibers: Precursor Systems, Processing, Structure, and Properties
journal, March 2014

  • Frank, Erik; Steudle, Lisa M.; Ingildeev, Denis
  • Angewandte Chemie International Edition, Vol. 53, Issue 21
  • DOI: 10.1002/anie.201306129

Lignin Valorization: Improving Lignin Processing in the Biorefinery
journal, May 2014

  • Ragauskas, A. J.; Beckham, G. T.; Biddy, M. J.
  • Science, Vol. 344, Issue 6185, p. 1246843-1246843
  • DOI: 10.1126/science.1246843

Lignin as Renewable Raw Material
journal, September 2010


On the characterization and spinning of an organic-purified lignin toward the manufacture of low-cost carbon fiber
journal, October 2011

  • Baker, Darren A.; Gallego, Nidia C.; Baker, Frederick S.
  • Journal of Applied Polymer Science, Vol. 124, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1002/app.33596

Lignin-based carbon fibers: Oxidative thermostabilization of kraft lignin
journal, January 2005


A new carbon fiber from lignin
journal, January 1992


Lignin-based carbon fibers for composite fiber applications
journal, January 2002


Wood/plastic copyrolysis in an auger reactor: Chemical and physical analysis of the products
journal, July 2009


Progress in Green Polymer Composites from Lignin for Multifunctional Applications: A Review
journal, April 2014

  • Thakur, Vijay Kumar; Thakur, Manju Kumari; Raghavan, Prasanth
  • ACS Sustainable Chemistry & Engineering, Vol. 2, Issue 5
  • DOI: 10.1021/sc500087z

A review on lignin-based polymeric, micro- and nano-structured materials
journal, December 2014


Recent advances in low-cost carbon fiber manufacture from lignin
journal, April 2013

  • Baker, Darren A.; Rials, Timothy G.
  • Journal of Applied Polymer Science, Vol. 130, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1002/app.39273

Lignin – from natural adsorbent to activated carbon: A review
journal, September 2007


Preparation of Different Carbon Materials by Thermochemical Conversion of Lignin
journal, December 2014

  • Rosas, Juana M.; Berenguer, Raúl; Valero-Romero, María José
  • Frontiers in Materials, Vol. 1
  • DOI: 10.3389/fmats.2014.00029

Evidence for Complex Molecular Architectures for Solvent-Extracted Lignins
journal, April 2012

  • Harton, Shane E.; Pingali, Sai Venkatesh; Nunnery, Grady A.
  • ACS Macro Letters, Vol. 1, Issue 5
  • DOI: 10.1021/mz300045e

Methanol Fractionation of Softwood Kraft Lignin: Impact on the Lignin Properties
journal, November 2013

  • Saito, Tomonori; Perkins, Joshua H.; Vautard, Frederic
  • ChemSusChem, Vol. 7, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1002/cssc.201300509

Effect of extraction procedure on the molecular weight of wheat straw lignins
journal, May 1997


Influence of extraction treatment on olive tree ( Olea europaea ) pruning lignin structure
journal, November 2012

  • Toledano, Ana; Erdocia, Xabier; Serrano, Luis
  • Environmental Progress & Sustainable Energy, Vol. 32, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1002/ep.11725

Conversion of Lignin Precursors to Carbon Fibers with Nanoscale Graphitic Domains
journal, July 2014

  • Chatterjee, Sabornie; Jones, Eric B.; Clingenpeel, Amy C.
  • ACS Sustainable Chemistry & Engineering, Vol. 2, Issue 8
  • DOI: 10.1021/sc500189p

Highly Robust Lithium Ion Battery Anodes from Lignin: An Abundant, Renewable, and Low-Cost Material
journal, August 2013

  • Tenhaeff, Wyatt E.; Rios, Orlando; More, Karren
  • Advanced Functional Materials, Vol. 24, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1002/adfm.201301420

Fabrication and Properties of Carbon Fibers
journal, December 2009


NMR a critical tool to study the production of carbon fiber from lignin
journal, February 2013


Carbon Fibers from UV-Assisted Stabilization of Lignin-Based Precursors
journal, June 2015


Carbon fibers from dry-spinning of acetylated softwood kraft lignin
journal, April 2014


Correlation of Elongational Fluid Properties to Fiber Diameter in Electrospinning of Softwood Kraft Lignin Solutions
journal, February 2014

  • Dallmeyer, Ian; Ko, Frank; Kadla, John F.
  • Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research, Vol. 53, Issue 7
  • DOI: 10.1021/ie403724y

Preparation and Characterization of Interconnected, Kraft Lignin-Based Carbon Fibrous Materials by Electrospinning: Preparation and Characterization of Interconnected …
journal, October 2013

  • Dallmeyer, Ian; Lin, Li Ting; Li, Yingjie
  • Macromolecular Materials and Engineering, Vol. 299, Issue 5
  • DOI: 10.1002/mame.201300148

Filled and Hollow Carbon Nanofibers by Coaxial Electrospinning of Alcell Lignin without Binder Polymers
journal, December 2007


The production of submicron diameter carbon fibers by the electrospinning of lignin
journal, March 2010


Carbon Nanofibers Prepared via Electrospinning
journal, April 2012


On the raw materials of MP carbon fiber
journal, October 1966


A new modification method of exploded lignin for the preparation of a carbon fiber precursor
journal, May 1993


Preparation of Carbon Fibers from Organosolv Lignin Obtained by Aqueous Acetic Acid Pulping
journal, January 1995


Carbon fibers based on pyrolytic lignin
journal, April 2012

  • Qin, W.; Kadla, J. F.
  • Journal of Applied Polymer Science, Vol. 126, Issue S1
  • DOI: 10.1002/app.36554

Lignin-based Carbon Fibers: Effect of Synthetic Polymer Blending on Fiber Properties
journal, April 2005


Poly(Ethylene Oxide)/Organosolv Lignin Blends:  Relationship between Thermal Properties, Chemical Structure, and Blend Behavior
journal, September 2004

  • Kubo, Satoshi; Kadla, John F.
  • Macromolecules, Vol. 37, Issue 18
  • DOI: 10.1021/ma0490552

A new approach for the preparation of anodes for Li-ion batteries based on activated hard carbon cloth with pore design
journal, June 2003


Preparation and Characterization of Kraft Lignin-Based Moisture-Responsive Films with Reversible Shape-Change Capability
journal, June 2013

  • Dallmeyer, Ian; Chowdhury, Sudip; Kadla, John F.
  • Biomacromolecules, Vol. 14, Issue 7
  • DOI: 10.1021/bm400465p

Lignin-Based Electrospun Nanofibers Reinforced with Cellulose Nanocrystals
journal, February 2012

  • Ago, Mariko; Okajima, Kunihiko; Jakes, Joseph E.
  • Biomacromolecules, Vol. 13, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1021/bm201828g

Fractal dimensions of activated carbons prepared from lignin by chemical activation
journal, April 2002


Carbon Materials for Chemical Capacitive Energy Storage
journal, September 2011


Activated carbons from carbon dioxide partial gasification of eucalyptus kraft lignin
journal, January 1993

  • Rodriguez-Mirasol, J.; Cordero, T.; Rodriguez, J. J.
  • Energy & Fuels, Vol. 7, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1021/ef00037a021

Preparation and characterization of activated carbons from eucalyptus kraft lignin
journal, January 1993


Characterization of carbons derived from cellulose and lignin and their oxidative behavior
journal, March 2009


Thermal conversion of alkaline lignin and its structured derivatives to porous carbonized materials
journal, May 2011


Preparation, characterization and application of lignin-based activated carbon from black liquor lignin by steam activation
journal, July 2013


Reactivity and porosity development during pyrolysis and physical activation in CO2 or steam of kraft and hydrolytic lignins
journal, July 2008

  • Carrott, P. J. M.; Carrott, M. M. L. Ribeiro
  • Journal of Analytical and Applied Pyrolysis, Vol. 82, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1016/j.jaap.2008.04.004

HEMP-derived activated carbon fibers by chemical activation with phosphoric acid
journal, January 2009


Removal of water pollutants with activated carbons prepared from H3PO4 activation of lignin from kraft black liquors
journal, July 2004


Controlling Porosity in Lignin-Derived Nanoporous Carbon for Supercapacitor Applications
journal, October 2014


A Study of Carbonized Lignin as an Alternative to Carbon Black
journal, April 2014

  • Snowdon, Michael R.; Mohanty, Amar K.; Misra, Manjusri
  • ACS Sustainable Chemistry & Engineering, Vol. 2, Issue 5
  • DOI: 10.1021/sc500086v

Sustainable Mesoporous Carbons as Storage and Controlled-Delivery Media for Functional Molecules
journal, June 2013

  • Saha, Dipendu; Payzant, E. Andrew; Kumbhar, Amar S.
  • ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces, Vol. 5, Issue 12
  • DOI: 10.1021/am401661f

Studies on Supercapacitor Electrode Material from Activated Lignin-Derived Mesoporous Carbon
journal, January 2014

  • Saha, Dipendu; Li, Yunchao; Bi, Zhonghe
  • Langmuir, Vol. 30, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1021/la404112m

Electrochemical Performance of Hierarchical Porous Carbon Materials Obtained from the Infiltration of Lignin into Zeolite Templates
journal, March 2014

  • Ruiz-Rosas, R.; Valero-Romero, M. J.; Salinas-Torres, D.
  • ChemSusChem, Vol. 7, Issue 5
  • DOI: 10.1002/cssc.201301408

Lignin-derived macroporous carbon foams prepared by using poly(methyl methacrylate) particles as the template
journal, September 2014


Ultrafine microporous and mesoporous activated carbon fibers from alkali lignin
journal, January 2013

  • Hu, Sixiao; Hsieh, You-Lo
  • Journal of Materials Chemistry A, Vol. 1, Issue 37
  • DOI: 10.1039/c3ta12538f

Lignin-based activated carbon fibers and controllable pore size and properties
journal, February 2011

  • Shen, Qing; Zhang, Tao; Zhang, Wen-Xin
  • Journal of Applied Polymer Science, Vol. 121, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1002/app.33701

High energy density supercapacitors from lignin derived submicron activated carbon fibers in aqueous electrolytes
journal, December 2014


Lignin-based carbon films and controllable pore size and properties
journal, February 2007


Physical Vapor Deposited Thin Films of Lignins Extracted from Sugar Cane Bagasse: Morphology, Electrical Properties, and Sensing Applications
journal, September 2011

  • Volpati, Diogo; Machado, Aislan D.; Olivati, Clarissa A.
  • Biomacromolecules, Vol. 12, Issue 9
  • DOI: 10.1021/bm200704m

    Works referencing / citing this record:

    In situ formation of graphene-encapsulated iron nanoparticles in carbon frames through catalytic graphitization of kraft lignin
    journal, January 2018


    Carbon Materials from Technical Lignins: Recent Advances
    journal, July 2018

    • Puziy, Alexander M.; Poddubnaya, Olga I.; Sevastyanova, Olena
    • Topics in Current Chemistry, Vol. 376, Issue 4
    • DOI: 10.1007/s41061-018-0210-7

    Effect of temperature and concentration of acetylated-lignin solutions on dry-spinning of carbon fiber precursors: ARTICLE
    journal, April 2016

    • Zhang, Meng; Ogale, Amod A.
    • Journal of Applied Polymer Science, Vol. 133, Issue 45
    • DOI: 10.1002/app.43663

    Recent advances in carbon fibers derived from biobased precursors
    journal, May 2016

    • Ogale, Amod A.; Zhang, Meng; Jin, Jing
    • Journal of Applied Polymer Science, Vol. 133, Issue 45
    • DOI: 10.1002/app.43794

    Carbon Materials from Technical Lignins: Recent Advances
    journal, July 2018

    • Puziy, Alexander M.; Poddubnaya, Olga I.; Sevastyanova, Olena
    • Topics in Current Chemistry, Vol. 376, Issue 4
    • DOI: 10.1007/s41061-018-0210-7

    In situ formation of graphene-encapsulated iron nanoparticles in carbon frames through catalytic graphitization of kraft lignin
    journal, January 2018


    Polycarbonate biocomposites reinforced with a hybrid filler system of recycled carbon fiber and biocarbon: Preparation and thermomechanical characterization
    journal, March 2018

    • Andrzejewski, Jacek; Misra, Manjusri; Mohanty, Amar K.
    • Journal of Applied Polymer Science, Vol. 135, Issue 28
    • DOI: 10.1002/app.46449

    The current and emerging sources of technical lignins and their applications: Sources of Technical Lignins
    journal, July 2018

    • Li, Tao; Takkellapati, Sudhakar
    • Biofuels, Bioproducts and Biorefining, Vol. 12, Issue 5
    • DOI: 10.1002/bbb.1913

    The challenge of converting biomass polysaccharides into levulinic acid through heterogeneous catalytic processes
    journal, November 2019

    • Covinich, Laura G.; Clauser, Nicolás M.; Felissia, Fernando E.
    • Biofuels, Bioproducts and Biorefining, Vol. 14, Issue 2
    • DOI: 10.1002/bbb.2062

    A Solvent-Free Synthesis of Lignin-Derived Renewable Carbon with Tunable Porosity for Supercapacitor Electrodes
    journal, July 2018


    Non‐Solvent Fractionation of Lignin Enhances Carbon Fiber Performance
    journal, June 2019


    Silver‐doped carbon fibers at low loading capacity that display high antibacterial properties
    journal, February 2019

    • Zhang, Yujie; Chen, Honglei; Sun, Hui
    • Journal of Chemical Technology & Biotechnology, Vol. 94, Issue 5
    • DOI: 10.1002/jctb.5932

    Influence of Aromatic Structure on the Thermal Behaviour of Lignin
    journal, January 2019

    • Rowlandson, Jemma L.; Woodman, Timothy J.; Tennison, Steve R.
    • Waste and Biomass Valorization, Vol. 11, Issue 6
    • DOI: 10.1007/s12649-018-0537-x

    Morphology evolution, formation mechanism and adsorption properties of hydrochars prepared by hydrothermal carbonization of corn stalk
    journal, January 2016

    • Lei, Yanqiu; Su, Haiquan; Tian, Rongkai
    • RSC Advances, Vol. 6, Issue 109
    • DOI: 10.1039/c6ra21607b

    Cleaning carbohydrate impurities from lignin using Pseudomonas fluorescens
    journal, January 2019

    • Ghosh, Tanushree; Ngo, Tri-Dung; Kumar, Aloke
    • Green Chemistry, Vol. 21, Issue 7
    • DOI: 10.1039/c8gc03341b

    Transforming lignin into porous graphene via direct laser writing for solid-state supercapacitors
    journal, January 2019

    • Mahmood, Faisal; Zhang, Chi; Xie, Yunchao
    • RSC Advances, Vol. 9, Issue 39
    • DOI: 10.1039/c9ra04073k

    Low-Cost Carbon Fibre Derived from Sustainable Coal Tar Pitch and Polyacrylonitrile: Fabrication and Characterisation
    journal, April 2019

    • Zabihi, Omid; Shafei, Sajjad; Fakhrhoseini, Seyed Mousa
    • Materials, Vol. 12, Issue 8
    • DOI: 10.3390/ma12081281

    Study on the Effect of 1-Butanol Soluble Lignin on Temperature-Sensitive Gel
    journal, October 2018


    Synthesis of Nitrogen-Doped Lignin/DES Carbon Quantum Dots as a Fluorescent Probe for the Detection of Fe3+ Ions
    journal, November 2018


    From Wood to Resin—Identifying Sustainability Levers through Hotspotting Lignin Valorisation Pathways
    journal, August 2018

    • Lettner, Miriam; Solt, Pia; Rößiger, Björn
    • Sustainability, Vol. 10, Issue 8
    • DOI: 10.3390/su10082745