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Title: Hydrodynamic instabilities and mix studies on NIF: predictions, observations, and a path forward

The goals of the Mix Campaign are to determine how mix affects performance, locate the "mix cliff", locate the source of the mix, and develop mitigation methods that allow performance to be increased. We have used several different drive pulse shapes and capsule designs in the Mix Campaign, to understand sensitivity to drive peak power, level of coast, rise time to peak power, adiabat, and dopant level in the capsule. Ablator material mixing into the hot spot has been shown conclusively with x-ray spectroscopy. The observed neutron yield drops steeply when the hot spot mix mass becomes too large. The mix appears to be driven by ablation- front Rayleigh-Taylor instabilities. A high foot, higher adiabat drive has a more stable ablation front and has allowed the mix mass in the hot spot to be reduced significantly. We found two recent high foot shots achieved neutron yields > 10 15 and measured neutron yield over clean 1D simulation (YOC) > 50%, which was one of the central goals of the Mix Campaign.
Authors:
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  1. Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States)
  2. Univ. of Rochester, NY (United States). Lab. for Laser Energetics
  3. Massachusetts Inst. of Technology (MIT), Cambridge, MA (United States)
  4. SLAC National Accelerator Lab., Menlo Park, CA (United States)
  5. Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)
  6. General Atomics, San Diego, CA (United States)
Publication Date:
Grant/Contract Number:
AC02-76SF00515; AC52-07NA27344
Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Journal of Physics. Conference Series
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 688; Journal ID: ISSN 1742-6588
Publisher:
IOP Publishing
Research Org:
SLAC National Accelerator Lab., Menlo Park, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Science (SC)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
73 NUCLEAR PHYSICS AND RADIATION PHYSICS
OSTI Identifier:
1280925

Remington, B. A., Atherton, L. J., Benedetti, L. R., Berzak-Hopkins, L., Bradley, D. K., Callahan, D. A., Casey, D. T., Celliers, P. M., Cerjan, C. J., Clark, D. S., Dewald, E. L., Dittrich, T. R., Dixit, S. N., Döppner, T., Edgell, D. H., Edwards, M. J., Epstein, R., Frenje, J., Gatu-Johnson, M., Glenn, S., Glenzer, S. H., Grim, G., Haan, S. W., Hammel, B. A., Hamza, A., Hicks, D., Hsing, W. W., Hurricane, O., Izumi, N., Jones, O. S., Key, M. H., Khan, S. F., Kilkenny, J. D., Kline, J. L., Kyrala, G. A., Landen, O. L., Le Pape, S., Lindl, J. D., Ma, T., MacGowan, B. J., Mackinnon, A. J., MacPhee, A. G., Meezan, N. B., Moody, J. D., Moses, E. I., Nikroo, A., Pak, A., Parham, T., Park, H. -S., Patel, P. K., Petrasso, R., Pino, J., Ralph, J. E., Raman, K., Regan, S. P., Robey, H. F., Ross, J. S., Spears, B. K., Smalyuk, V. A., Springer, P. T., Suter, L. J., Tipton, R., Tommasini, R., Town, R. P., and Weber, S. V.. Hydrodynamic instabilities and mix studies on NIF: predictions, observations, and a path forward. United States: N. p., Web. doi:10.1088/1742-6596/688/1/012090.
Remington, B. A., Atherton, L. J., Benedetti, L. R., Berzak-Hopkins, L., Bradley, D. K., Callahan, D. A., Casey, D. T., Celliers, P. M., Cerjan, C. J., Clark, D. S., Dewald, E. L., Dittrich, T. R., Dixit, S. N., Döppner, T., Edgell, D. H., Edwards, M. J., Epstein, R., Frenje, J., Gatu-Johnson, M., Glenn, S., Glenzer, S. H., Grim, G., Haan, S. W., Hammel, B. A., Hamza, A., Hicks, D., Hsing, W. W., Hurricane, O., Izumi, N., Jones, O. S., Key, M. H., Khan, S. F., Kilkenny, J. D., Kline, J. L., Kyrala, G. A., Landen, O. L., Le Pape, S., Lindl, J. D., Ma, T., MacGowan, B. J., Mackinnon, A. J., MacPhee, A. G., Meezan, N. B., Moody, J. D., Moses, E. I., Nikroo, A., Pak, A., Parham, T., Park, H. -S., Patel, P. K., Petrasso, R., Pino, J., Ralph, J. E., Raman, K., Regan, S. P., Robey, H. F., Ross, J. S., Spears, B. K., Smalyuk, V. A., Springer, P. T., Suter, L. J., Tipton, R., Tommasini, R., Town, R. P., & Weber, S. V.. Hydrodynamic instabilities and mix studies on NIF: predictions, observations, and a path forward. United States. doi:10.1088/1742-6596/688/1/012090.
Remington, B. A., Atherton, L. J., Benedetti, L. R., Berzak-Hopkins, L., Bradley, D. K., Callahan, D. A., Casey, D. T., Celliers, P. M., Cerjan, C. J., Clark, D. S., Dewald, E. L., Dittrich, T. R., Dixit, S. N., Döppner, T., Edgell, D. H., Edwards, M. J., Epstein, R., Frenje, J., Gatu-Johnson, M., Glenn, S., Glenzer, S. H., Grim, G., Haan, S. W., Hammel, B. A., Hamza, A., Hicks, D., Hsing, W. W., Hurricane, O., Izumi, N., Jones, O. S., Key, M. H., Khan, S. F., Kilkenny, J. D., Kline, J. L., Kyrala, G. A., Landen, O. L., Le Pape, S., Lindl, J. D., Ma, T., MacGowan, B. J., Mackinnon, A. J., MacPhee, A. G., Meezan, N. B., Moody, J. D., Moses, E. I., Nikroo, A., Pak, A., Parham, T., Park, H. -S., Patel, P. K., Petrasso, R., Pino, J., Ralph, J. E., Raman, K., Regan, S. P., Robey, H. F., Ross, J. S., Spears, B. K., Smalyuk, V. A., Springer, P. T., Suter, L. J., Tipton, R., Tommasini, R., Town, R. P., and Weber, S. V.. 2016. "Hydrodynamic instabilities and mix studies on NIF: predictions, observations, and a path forward". United States. doi:10.1088/1742-6596/688/1/012090. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1280925.
@article{osti_1280925,
title = {Hydrodynamic instabilities and mix studies on NIF: predictions, observations, and a path forward},
author = {Remington, B. A. and Atherton, L. J. and Benedetti, L. R. and Berzak-Hopkins, L. and Bradley, D. K. and Callahan, D. A. and Casey, D. T. and Celliers, P. M. and Cerjan, C. J. and Clark, D. S. and Dewald, E. L. and Dittrich, T. R. and Dixit, S. N. and Döppner, T. and Edgell, D. H. and Edwards, M. J. and Epstein, R. and Frenje, J. and Gatu-Johnson, M. and Glenn, S. and Glenzer, S. H. and Grim, G. and Haan, S. W. and Hammel, B. A. and Hamza, A. and Hicks, D. and Hsing, W. W. and Hurricane, O. and Izumi, N. and Jones, O. S. and Key, M. H. and Khan, S. F. and Kilkenny, J. D. and Kline, J. L. and Kyrala, G. A. and Landen, O. L. and Le Pape, S. and Lindl, J. D. and Ma, T. and MacGowan, B. J. and Mackinnon, A. J. and MacPhee, A. G. and Meezan, N. B. and Moody, J. D. and Moses, E. I. and Nikroo, A. and Pak, A. and Parham, T. and Park, H. -S. and Patel, P. K. and Petrasso, R. and Pino, J. and Ralph, J. E. and Raman, K. and Regan, S. P. and Robey, H. F. and Ross, J. S. and Spears, B. K. and Smalyuk, V. A. and Springer, P. T. and Suter, L. J. and Tipton, R. and Tommasini, R. and Town, R. P. and Weber, S. V.},
abstractNote = {The goals of the Mix Campaign are to determine how mix affects performance, locate the "mix cliff", locate the source of the mix, and develop mitigation methods that allow performance to be increased. We have used several different drive pulse shapes and capsule designs in the Mix Campaign, to understand sensitivity to drive peak power, level of coast, rise time to peak power, adiabat, and dopant level in the capsule. Ablator material mixing into the hot spot has been shown conclusively with x-ray spectroscopy. The observed neutron yield drops steeply when the hot spot mix mass becomes too large. The mix appears to be driven by ablation- front Rayleigh-Taylor instabilities. A high foot, higher adiabat drive has a more stable ablation front and has allowed the mix mass in the hot spot to be reduced significantly. We found two recent high foot shots achieved neutron yields > 1015 and measured neutron yield over clean 1D simulation (YOC) > 50%, which was one of the central goals of the Mix Campaign.},
doi = {10.1088/1742-6596/688/1/012090},
journal = {Journal of Physics. Conference Series},
number = ,
volume = 688,
place = {United States},
year = {2016},
month = {4}
}