skip to main content


Title: Understanding the Effect of Cation Disorder on the Voltage Profile of Lithium Transition-Metal Oxides

Cation disorder is a phenomenon that is becoming increasingly important for the design of high-energy lithium transition metal oxide cathodes (LiMO 2) for Li-ion batteries. Disordered Li-excess rocksalts have recently been shown to achieve high reversible capacity, while in operando cation disorder has been observed in a large class of ordered compounds. The voltage slope (dV/dx u )is a critical quantity for the design of cation-disordered rocksalts, as it controls the Li capacity accessible at voltages below the stability limit of the electrolyte (~4.5-4.7 V). In this study, we develop a lattice model based on first principles to understand and quantify the voltage slope of cation-disordered LiMO 2. We show that cation disorder increases the voltage slope of Li transition metal oxides by creating a statistical distribution of transition metal environments around Li sites, as well as by allowing Li occupation of highvoltage tetrahedral sites. We further demonstrate that the voltage slope increase upon disorder is generally smaller for highvoltage transition metals than for low-voltage transition metals due to a more effective screening of Li-M interactions by oxygen electrons. Short-range order in practical disordered compounds is found to further mitigate the voltage slope increase upon disorder. In conclusion, our analysismore » shows that the additional high-voltage tetrahedral capacity induced by disorder is smaller in Liexcess compounds than in stoichiometric LiMO 2 compounds.« less
 [1] ;  [2] ;  [1] ;  [2]
  1. Massachusetts Inst. of Technology (MIT), Cambridge, MA (United States). Dept. of Materials Science and Engineering
  2. Univ. of California, Berkeley, CA (United States). Dept. of Materials Science and Engineering; Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States). Materials Science Division
Publication Date:
Grant/Contract Number:
SC0012583; AC02-05CH11231
Published Article
Journal Name:
Chemistry of Materials
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 28; Journal Issue: 15; Journal ID: ISSN 0897-4756
American Chemical Society (ACS)
Research Org:
Univ. of California, Berkeley, CA (United States); Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22)
Country of Publication:
United States
OSTI Identifier:
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1288659; OSTI ID: 1454481