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Title: Evaluation of the accuracy of an offline seasonally-varying matrix transport model for simulating ideal age

Newton-Krylov solvers for ocean tracers have the potential to greatly decrease the computational costs of spinning up deep-ocean tracers, which can take several thousand model years to reach equilibrium with surface processes. One version of the algorithm uses offline tracer transport matrices to simulate an annual cycle of tracer concentrations and applies Newton’s method to find concentrations that are periodic in time. Here we present the impact of time-averaging the transport matrices on the equilibrium values of an ideal-age tracer. We compared annually-averaged, monthly-averaged, and 5-day-averaged transport matrices to an online simulation using the ocean component of the Community Earth System Model (CESM) with a nominal horizontal resolution of 1° × 1° and 60 vertical levels. We found that increasing the time resolution of the offline transport model reduced a low age bias from 12% for the annually-averaged transport matrices, to 4% for the monthly-averaged transport matrices, and to less than 2% for the transport matrices constructed from 5-day averages. The largest differences were in areas with strong seasonal changes in the circulation, such as the Northern Indian Ocean. As a result, for many applications the relatively small bias obtained using the offline model makes the offline approach attractive becausemore » it uses significantly less computer resources and is simpler to set up and run.« less
 [1] ;  [1] ;  [2] ;  [3]
  1. Univ. of California, Irvine, CA (United States)
  2. National Center for Atmospheric Research, Boulder, CO (United States)
  3. Sandia National Lab. (SNL-NM), Albuquerque, NM (United States)
Publication Date:
Report Number(s):
Journal ID: ISSN 1463-5003; PII: S1463500316300750
Grant/Contract Number:
AC04-94AL85000; SC0012550
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Ocean Modelling
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 105; Journal Issue: C; Journal ID: ISSN 1463-5003
Research Org:
Sandia National Lab. (SNL-NM), Albuquerque, NM (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)
Country of Publication:
United States
58 GEOSCIENCES; 54 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES; implicit solver; ideal age; Newton–Krylov; offline; transport matrix; global ocean modeling
OSTI Identifier:
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1398012