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Title: Stacked charge stripes in the quasi-2D trilayer nickelate La 4 Ni 3 O 8

The quasi-2D nickelate La 4Ni 3O 8 (La-438), consisting of trilayer networks of square planar Ni ions, is a member of the so-called T' family, which is derived from the Ruddlesden-Popper (R-P) parent compound La 4Ni 3O 10-x by removing two oxygen atoms and rearranging the rock salt layers to fluorite-type layers. Although previous studies on polycrystalline samples have identified a 105-K phase transition with a pronounced electronic and magnetic response but weak lattice character, no consensus on the origin of this transition has been reached. We show using synchrotron X-ray diffraction on high-pO(2) floating zone-grown single crystals that this transition is associated with a real space ordering of charge into a quasi-2D charge stripe ground state. We found that the charge stripe superlattice propagation vector, q = (2/3, 0, 1), corresponds with that those in the related 1/3-hole doped single- layer R-P nickelate, La 5/3Sr 1/3NiO 4 (LSNO-1/3; Ni 2.33+), with orientation at 45 degrees to the Ni-O bonds. Furthermore, the charge stripes in La-438 are weakly correlated along c to form a staggered ABAB stacking that reduces the Coulomb repulsion among the stripes. Surprisingly, however, we find that the charge stripes within each trilayer of La-438 are stackedmore » in phase from one layer to the next, at odds with any simple Coulomb repulsion argument.« less
Authors:
 [1] ;  [2] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [1]
  1. Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States). Materials Science Division
  2. Univ. of Chicago, Argonne, IL (United States). ChemMatCARS
Publication Date:
Grant/Contract Number:
AC02-06CH11357; AC0206CH11357
Type:
Published Article
Journal Name:
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 113; Journal Issue: 32; Journal ID: ISSN 0027-8424
Publisher:
National Academy of Sciences, Washington, DC (United States)
Research Org:
Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22); National Science Foundation (NSF)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; 37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL, AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY; charge ordering; nickelates; stripe phase; strongly correlated materials
OSTI Identifier:
1273671
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1356847

Zhang, Junjie, Chen, Yu-Sheng, Phelan, D., Zheng, Hong, Norman, M. R., and Mitchell, J. F.. Stacked charge stripes in the quasi-2D trilayer nickelate La 4 Ni 3 O 8. United States: N. p., Web. doi:10.1073/pnas.1606637113.
Zhang, Junjie, Chen, Yu-Sheng, Phelan, D., Zheng, Hong, Norman, M. R., & Mitchell, J. F.. Stacked charge stripes in the quasi-2D trilayer nickelate La 4 Ni 3 O 8. United States. doi:10.1073/pnas.1606637113.
Zhang, Junjie, Chen, Yu-Sheng, Phelan, D., Zheng, Hong, Norman, M. R., and Mitchell, J. F.. 2016. "Stacked charge stripes in the quasi-2D trilayer nickelate La 4 Ni 3 O 8". United States. doi:10.1073/pnas.1606637113.
@article{osti_1273671,
title = {Stacked charge stripes in the quasi-2D trilayer nickelate La 4 Ni 3 O 8},
author = {Zhang, Junjie and Chen, Yu-Sheng and Phelan, D. and Zheng, Hong and Norman, M. R. and Mitchell, J. F.},
abstractNote = {The quasi-2D nickelate La4Ni3O8 (La-438), consisting of trilayer networks of square planar Ni ions, is a member of the so-called T' family, which is derived from the Ruddlesden-Popper (R-P) parent compound La4Ni3O10-x by removing two oxygen atoms and rearranging the rock salt layers to fluorite-type layers. Although previous studies on polycrystalline samples have identified a 105-K phase transition with a pronounced electronic and magnetic response but weak lattice character, no consensus on the origin of this transition has been reached. We show using synchrotron X-ray diffraction on high-pO(2) floating zone-grown single crystals that this transition is associated with a real space ordering of charge into a quasi-2D charge stripe ground state. We found that the charge stripe superlattice propagation vector, q = (2/3, 0, 1), corresponds with that those in the related 1/3-hole doped single- layer R-P nickelate, La5/3Sr1/3NiO4 (LSNO-1/3; Ni2.33+), with orientation at 45 degrees to the Ni-O bonds. Furthermore, the charge stripes in La-438 are weakly correlated along c to form a staggered ABAB stacking that reduces the Coulomb repulsion among the stripes. Surprisingly, however, we find that the charge stripes within each trilayer of La-438 are stacked in phase from one layer to the next, at odds with any simple Coulomb repulsion argument.},
doi = {10.1073/pnas.1606637113},
journal = {Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America},
number = 32,
volume = 113,
place = {United States},
year = {2016},
month = {7}
}

Works referenced in this record:

Metal-insulator transitions
journal, October 1998
  • Imada, Masatoshi; Fujimori, Atsushi; Tokura, Yoshinori
  • Reviews of Modern Physics, Vol. 70, Issue 4, p. 1039-1263
  • DOI: 10.1103/RevModPhys.70.1039