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Title: BICEP2 / Keck Array V: Measurements of B-mode polarization at degree angular scales and 150 GHz by the Keck Array

Here, the Keck Array is a system of cosmic microwave background polarimeters, each similar to the Bicep2 experiment. In this paper we report results from the 2012 to 2013 observing seasons, during which the Keck Array consisted of five receivers all operating in the same (150 GHz) frequency band and observing field as Bicep2. We again find an excess of B-mode power over the lensed-ΛCDM expectation of >5σ in the range 30 < ℓ < 150 and confirm that this is not due to systematics using jackknife tests and simulations based on detailed calibration measurements. In map difference and spectral difference tests these new data are shown to be consistent with Bicep2. Finally, we combine the maps from the two experiments to produce final Q and U maps which have a depth of 57 nK deg (3.4 μK arcmin) over an effective area of 400 deg 2 for an equivalent survey weight of 250,000 μK –2. The final BB band powers have noise uncertainty a factor of 2.3 times better than the previous results, and a significance of detection of excess power of >6σ.
Authors:
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Publication Date:
Report Number(s):
SLAC-PUB-16658
Journal ID: ISSN 1538-4357; arXiv:1502.00643
Grant/Contract Number:
AC02-76SF00515
Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
The Astrophysical Journal (Online)
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Name: The Astrophysical Journal (Online); Journal Volume: 811; Journal Issue: 2; Journal ID: ISSN 1538-4357
Publisher:
Institute of Physics (IOP)
Research Org:
SLAC National Accelerator Lab., Menlo Park, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Science (SC)
Contributing Orgs:
Keck Array and BICEP2 Collaborations
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
79 ASTRONOMY AND ASTROPHYSICS; astrophysics; ASTRO; cosmic background radiation; cosmology: observations; gravitational waves; inflation; polarization
OSTI Identifier:
1270627

Ade, P. A. R., Ahmed, Z., Aikin, R. W., Alexander, K. D., Barkats, D., Benton, S. J., Bischoff, C. A., Bock, J. J., Brevik, J. A., Buder, I., Bullock, E., Buza, V., Connors, J., Crill, B. P., Dowell, C. D., Dvorkin, C., Duband, L., Filippini, J. P., Fliescher, S., Golwala, S. R., Halpern, M., Harrison, S., Hasselfield, M., Hildebrandt, S. R., Hilton, G. C., Hristov, V. V., Hui, H., Irwin, K. D., Karkare, K. S., Kaufman, J. P., Keating, B. G., Kefeli, S., Kernasovskiy, S. A., Kovac, J. M., Kuo, C. L., Leitch, E. M., Lueker, M., Mason, P., Megerian, K. G., Netterfield, C. B., Nguyen, H. T., O’Brient, R., Ogburn IV, R. W., Orlando, A., Pryke, C., Reintsema, C. D., Richter, S., Schwarz, R., Sheehy, C. D., Staniszewski, Z. K., Sudiwala, R. V., Teply, G. P., Thompson, K. L., Tolan, J. E., Turner, A. D., Vieregg, A. G., Weber, A. C., Willmert, J., Wong, C. L., and Yoon, K. W.. BICEP2 / Keck Array V: Measurements of B-mode polarization at degree angular scales and 150 GHz by the Keck Array. United States: N. p., Web. doi:10.1088/0004-637X/811/2/126.
Ade, P. A. R., Ahmed, Z., Aikin, R. W., Alexander, K. D., Barkats, D., Benton, S. J., Bischoff, C. A., Bock, J. J., Brevik, J. A., Buder, I., Bullock, E., Buza, V., Connors, J., Crill, B. P., Dowell, C. D., Dvorkin, C., Duband, L., Filippini, J. P., Fliescher, S., Golwala, S. R., Halpern, M., Harrison, S., Hasselfield, M., Hildebrandt, S. R., Hilton, G. C., Hristov, V. V., Hui, H., Irwin, K. D., Karkare, K. S., Kaufman, J. P., Keating, B. G., Kefeli, S., Kernasovskiy, S. A., Kovac, J. M., Kuo, C. L., Leitch, E. M., Lueker, M., Mason, P., Megerian, K. G., Netterfield, C. B., Nguyen, H. T., O’Brient, R., Ogburn IV, R. W., Orlando, A., Pryke, C., Reintsema, C. D., Richter, S., Schwarz, R., Sheehy, C. D., Staniszewski, Z. K., Sudiwala, R. V., Teply, G. P., Thompson, K. L., Tolan, J. E., Turner, A. D., Vieregg, A. G., Weber, A. C., Willmert, J., Wong, C. L., & Yoon, K. W.. BICEP2 / Keck Array V: Measurements of B-mode polarization at degree angular scales and 150 GHz by the Keck Array. United States. doi:10.1088/0004-637X/811/2/126.
Ade, P. A. R., Ahmed, Z., Aikin, R. W., Alexander, K. D., Barkats, D., Benton, S. J., Bischoff, C. A., Bock, J. J., Brevik, J. A., Buder, I., Bullock, E., Buza, V., Connors, J., Crill, B. P., Dowell, C. D., Dvorkin, C., Duband, L., Filippini, J. P., Fliescher, S., Golwala, S. R., Halpern, M., Harrison, S., Hasselfield, M., Hildebrandt, S. R., Hilton, G. C., Hristov, V. V., Hui, H., Irwin, K. D., Karkare, K. S., Kaufman, J. P., Keating, B. G., Kefeli, S., Kernasovskiy, S. A., Kovac, J. M., Kuo, C. L., Leitch, E. M., Lueker, M., Mason, P., Megerian, K. G., Netterfield, C. B., Nguyen, H. T., O’Brient, R., Ogburn IV, R. W., Orlando, A., Pryke, C., Reintsema, C. D., Richter, S., Schwarz, R., Sheehy, C. D., Staniszewski, Z. K., Sudiwala, R. V., Teply, G. P., Thompson, K. L., Tolan, J. E., Turner, A. D., Vieregg, A. G., Weber, A. C., Willmert, J., Wong, C. L., and Yoon, K. W.. 2015. "BICEP2 / Keck Array V: Measurements of B-mode polarization at degree angular scales and 150 GHz by the Keck Array". United States. doi:10.1088/0004-637X/811/2/126. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1270627.
@article{osti_1270627,
title = {BICEP2 / Keck Array V: Measurements of B-mode polarization at degree angular scales and 150 GHz by the Keck Array},
author = {Ade, P. A. R. and Ahmed, Z. and Aikin, R. W. and Alexander, K. D. and Barkats, D. and Benton, S. J. and Bischoff, C. A. and Bock, J. J. and Brevik, J. A. and Buder, I. and Bullock, E. and Buza, V. and Connors, J. and Crill, B. P. and Dowell, C. D. and Dvorkin, C. and Duband, L. and Filippini, J. P. and Fliescher, S. and Golwala, S. R. and Halpern, M. and Harrison, S. and Hasselfield, M. and Hildebrandt, S. R. and Hilton, G. C. and Hristov, V. V. and Hui, H. and Irwin, K. D. and Karkare, K. S. and Kaufman, J. P. and Keating, B. G. and Kefeli, S. and Kernasovskiy, S. A. and Kovac, J. M. and Kuo, C. L. and Leitch, E. M. and Lueker, M. and Mason, P. and Megerian, K. G. and Netterfield, C. B. and Nguyen, H. T. and O’Brient, R. and Ogburn IV, R. W. and Orlando, A. and Pryke, C. and Reintsema, C. D. and Richter, S. and Schwarz, R. and Sheehy, C. D. and Staniszewski, Z. K. and Sudiwala, R. V. and Teply, G. P. and Thompson, K. L. and Tolan, J. E. and Turner, A. D. and Vieregg, A. G. and Weber, A. C. and Willmert, J. and Wong, C. L. and Yoon, K. W.},
abstractNote = {Here, the Keck Array is a system of cosmic microwave background polarimeters, each similar to the Bicep2 experiment. In this paper we report results from the 2012 to 2013 observing seasons, during which the Keck Array consisted of five receivers all operating in the same (150 GHz) frequency band and observing field as Bicep2. We again find an excess of B-mode power over the lensed-ΛCDM expectation of >5σ in the range 30 < ℓ < 150 and confirm that this is not due to systematics using jackknife tests and simulations based on detailed calibration measurements. In map difference and spectral difference tests these new data are shown to be consistent with Bicep2. Finally, we combine the maps from the two experiments to produce final Q and U maps which have a depth of 57 nK deg (3.4 μK arcmin) over an effective area of 400 deg2 for an equivalent survey weight of 250,000 μK–2. The final BB band powers have noise uncertainty a factor of 2.3 times better than the previous results, and a significance of detection of excess power of >6σ.},
doi = {10.1088/0004-637X/811/2/126},
journal = {The Astrophysical Journal (Online)},
number = 2,
volume = 811,
place = {United States},
year = {2015},
month = {9}
}