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Title: Numerical Modeling of Complex Targets for High-Energy- Density Experiments with Ion Beams and other Drivers

Abstract

We explore the simulation challenges and requirements for experiments planned on facilities such as the NDCX-II ion accelerator at LBNL, currently undergoing commissioning. Hydrodynamic modeling of NDCX-II experiments include certain lower temperature effects, e.g., surface tension and target fragmentation, that are not generally present in extreme high-energy laser facility experiments, where targets are completely vaporized in an extremely short period of time. Target designs proposed for NDCX-II range from metal foils of order one micron thick (thin targets) to metallic foam targets several tens of microns thick (thick targets). These high-energy-density experiments allow for the study of fracture as well as the process of bubble and droplet formation. We incorporate these physics effects into a code called ALE-AMR that uses a combination of Arbitrary Lagrangian Eulerian hydrodynamics and Adaptive Mesh Refinement. Inclusion of certain effects becomes tricky as we must deal with non-orthogonal meshes of various levels of refinement in three dimensions. A surface tension model used for droplet dynamics is implemented in ALE-AMR using curvature calculated from volume fractions. Thick foam target experiments provide information on how ion beam induced shock waves couple into kinetic energy of fluid flow. Although NDCX-II is not fully commissioned, experiments are being conductedmore » that explore material defect production and dynamics.« less

Authors:
 [1];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [2];  [2];  [2];  [2];  [2]
  1. Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States)
  2. Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States); Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1266682
Report Number(s):
LLNL-JRNL-644957
Journal ID: ISSN 1742-6588
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC52-07NA27344
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Journal of Physics. Conference Series
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 688; Journal ID: ISSN 1742-6588
Publisher:
IOP Publishing
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
70 PLASMA PHYSICS AND FUSION

Citation Formats

Koniges, Alice, Liu, Wangyi, Lidia, Steven, Schenkel, Thomas, Barnard, John, Friedman, Alex, Eder, David, Fisher, Aaron, and Masters, Nathan. Numerical Modeling of Complex Targets for High-Energy- Density Experiments with Ion Beams and other Drivers. United States: N. p., 2016. Web. doi:10.1088/1742-6596/688/1/012053.
Koniges, Alice, Liu, Wangyi, Lidia, Steven, Schenkel, Thomas, Barnard, John, Friedman, Alex, Eder, David, Fisher, Aaron, & Masters, Nathan. Numerical Modeling of Complex Targets for High-Energy- Density Experiments with Ion Beams and other Drivers. United States. doi:10.1088/1742-6596/688/1/012053.
Koniges, Alice, Liu, Wangyi, Lidia, Steven, Schenkel, Thomas, Barnard, John, Friedman, Alex, Eder, David, Fisher, Aaron, and Masters, Nathan. Fri . "Numerical Modeling of Complex Targets for High-Energy- Density Experiments with Ion Beams and other Drivers". United States. doi:10.1088/1742-6596/688/1/012053. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1266682.
@article{osti_1266682,
title = {Numerical Modeling of Complex Targets for High-Energy- Density Experiments with Ion Beams and other Drivers},
author = {Koniges, Alice and Liu, Wangyi and Lidia, Steven and Schenkel, Thomas and Barnard, John and Friedman, Alex and Eder, David and Fisher, Aaron and Masters, Nathan},
abstractNote = {We explore the simulation challenges and requirements for experiments planned on facilities such as the NDCX-II ion accelerator at LBNL, currently undergoing commissioning. Hydrodynamic modeling of NDCX-II experiments include certain lower temperature effects, e.g., surface tension and target fragmentation, that are not generally present in extreme high-energy laser facility experiments, where targets are completely vaporized in an extremely short period of time. Target designs proposed for NDCX-II range from metal foils of order one micron thick (thin targets) to metallic foam targets several tens of microns thick (thick targets). These high-energy-density experiments allow for the study of fracture as well as the process of bubble and droplet formation. We incorporate these physics effects into a code called ALE-AMR that uses a combination of Arbitrary Lagrangian Eulerian hydrodynamics and Adaptive Mesh Refinement. Inclusion of certain effects becomes tricky as we must deal with non-orthogonal meshes of various levels of refinement in three dimensions. A surface tension model used for droplet dynamics is implemented in ALE-AMR using curvature calculated from volume fractions. Thick foam target experiments provide information on how ion beam induced shock waves couple into kinetic energy of fluid flow. Although NDCX-II is not fully commissioned, experiments are being conducted that explore material defect production and dynamics.},
doi = {10.1088/1742-6596/688/1/012053},
journal = {Journal of Physics. Conference Series},
number = ,
volume = 688,
place = {United States},
year = {2016},
month = {4}
}

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