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Title: Using inertial fusion implosions to measure the T+He3 fusion cross section at nucleosynthesis-relevant energies

Light nuclei were created during big-bang nucleosynthesis (BBN). Standard BBN theory, using rates inferred from accelerator-beam data, cannot explain high levels of 6Li in low-metallicity stars. Using high energy-density plasmas we measure the T(3He,γ)6Li reaction rate, a candidate for anomalously high 6Li production; we find that the rate is too low to explain the observations, and different than values used in common BBN models. In conclusion, this is the first data directly relevant to BBN, and also the first use of laboratory plasmas, at comparable conditions to astrophysical systems, to address a problem in nuclear astrophysics.
Authors:
 [1] ;  [2] ;  [3] ;  [2] ;  [3] ;  [2] ;  [3] ;  [4] ;  [2] ;  [5] ;  [6] ;  [7] ;  [7] ;  [7] ;  [8] ;  [9] ;  [8] ;  [7] ;  [3] ;  [7] more »;  [3] ;  [7] ;  [3] « less
  1. Massachusetts Inst. of Technology (MIT), Cambridge, MA (United States); Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)
  2. Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)
  3. Massachusetts Inst. of Technology (MIT), Cambridge, MA (United States)
  4. AWE plc, Reading (United Kingdom)
  5. Indiana Univ., Bloomington, IN (United States)
  6. Ohio Univ., Athens, OH (United States)
  7. Univ. of Rochester, Rochester, NY (United States)
  8. Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States)
  9. General Atomics, San Diego, CA (United States)
Publication Date:
Report Number(s):
LA-UR-15-29245
Journal ID: ISSN 0031-9007; PRLTAO
Grant/Contract Number:
NA0002726; NA0001857; FC52-08NA28752; FG02-88ER40387; NA0001837; AC52-06NA25396; B597367; 20150717PRD2; 415935- G; NA0002035; NA0002949
Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Physical Review Letters
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 117; Journal Issue: 3; Journal ID: ISSN 0031-9007
Publisher:
American Physical Society (APS)
Research Org:
Massachusetts Inst. of Technology (MIT), Cambridge, MA (United States); Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA); LLNL; LLE; FSC; NLUF; National Science Foundation (NSF)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
73 NUCLEAR PHYSICS AND RADIATION PHYSICS; 79 ASTRONOMY AND ASTROPHYSICS; 70 PLASMA PHYSICS AND FUSION TECHNOLOGY
OSTI Identifier:
1266027
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1261687; OSTI ID: 1266028; OSTI ID: 1266029; OSTI ID: 1341857