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Title: Effect of Specimen Thickness on Microstructural Changes During Oxidation of the NiCrW Alloy 230 at 950–1050°C

An accurate procedure for predicting oxidation-induced damage and lifetime limits is crucial for the reliable operation of high-temperature metallic components in practical applications. In order to develop a predictive oxidation lifetime model for Ni–Cr alloys, specimens of wrought NiCrW alloy 230 with different thicknesses were cyclically oxidized in air at 950–1050°C for up to 3000 h. After prolonged exposure, two types of carbides as well as a Cr-rich nitride (π-phase) precipitated in the γ-Ni matrix. In the case of oxidation-induced loss of Cr from the alloy resulted in the formation of subscale zones, which were free of the Cr-rich carbide and nitride but also of the Ni-W rich M 6C. The width of the M 6C-free zone was smaller than that free of the Cr-rich precipitates. Thermodynamic and diffusion calculations of the observed time- and temperature-dependent Cr depletion processes identified that back diffusion of C occurred which resulted in an increased volume fraction of M 23C 6 in the specimen core. Moreover, with increasing time and temperature, the amount of π-phase in the specimen core increased. The subscale depletion of the initially present Cr-nitrides and the formation of Cr-nitrides in the specimen center is believed to be related to amore » mechanism which is qualitatively similar to that described for the Cr carbide enrichment. However, with increasing time and decreasing specimen thickness, N uptake from the atmosphere becomes apparent. As a result, the precipitates present in the specimen center eventually consisted almost exclusively of nitrides.« less
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  1. Julich Research Centre (Germany)
  2. Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
Publication Date:
Grant/Contract Number:
AC05-00OR22725; 03EK3032
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Journal of The Minerals, Metals & Materials Society
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 67; Journal Issue: 11; Journal ID: ISSN 1047-4838
Research Org:
Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)
Country of Publication:
United States
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; NiCr alloys; oxidation; lifetime model; thermodynamics; kinetics
OSTI Identifier: