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Title: Self-assembled asymmetric membrane containing micron-size germanium for high capacity lithium ion batteries

We report the formation of novel asymmetric membrane electrode containing micron-size (~5 μm) germanium powders through a self-assembly phase inversion method for high capacity lithium ion battery anode. 850 mA h g -1 capacity (70%) can be retained at a current density of 600 mA g -1 after 100 cycles with excellent rate performance. Such a high retention rate has rarely been seen for pristine micron-size germanium anodes. Moreover, scanning electron microscope studies reveal that germanium powders are uniformly embedded in a networking porous structure consisting of both nanopores and macropores. It is believed that such a unique porous structure can efficiently accommodate the ~260% volume change during germanium alloying and de-alloying process, resulting in an enhanced cycling performance. Finally, these porous membrane electrodes can be manufactured in large scale using a roll-to-roll processing method.
Authors:
 [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [2] ;  [1]
  1. Georgia Southern Univ., Statesboro, GA (United States)
  2. Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
Publication Date:
Grant/Contract Number:
AC05-00OR22725
Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
RSC Advances
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 5; Journal Issue: 113; Journal ID: ISSN 2046-2069
Publisher:
Royal Society of Chemistry
Research Org:
Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
25 ENERGY STORAGE
OSTI Identifier:
1265847

Byrd, Ian, Chen, Hao, Webber, Theron, Li, Jianlin, and Wu, Ji. Self-assembled asymmetric membrane containing micron-size germanium for high capacity lithium ion batteries. United States: N. p., Web. doi:10.1039/C5RA19208K.
Byrd, Ian, Chen, Hao, Webber, Theron, Li, Jianlin, & Wu, Ji. Self-assembled asymmetric membrane containing micron-size germanium for high capacity lithium ion batteries. United States. doi:10.1039/C5RA19208K.
Byrd, Ian, Chen, Hao, Webber, Theron, Li, Jianlin, and Wu, Ji. 2015. "Self-assembled asymmetric membrane containing micron-size germanium for high capacity lithium ion batteries". United States. doi:10.1039/C5RA19208K. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1265847.
@article{osti_1265847,
title = {Self-assembled asymmetric membrane containing micron-size germanium for high capacity lithium ion batteries},
author = {Byrd, Ian and Chen, Hao and Webber, Theron and Li, Jianlin and Wu, Ji},
abstractNote = {We report the formation of novel asymmetric membrane electrode containing micron-size (~5 μm) germanium powders through a self-assembly phase inversion method for high capacity lithium ion battery anode. 850 mA h g-1 capacity (70%) can be retained at a current density of 600 mA g-1 after 100 cycles with excellent rate performance. Such a high retention rate has rarely been seen for pristine micron-size germanium anodes. Moreover, scanning electron microscope studies reveal that germanium powders are uniformly embedded in a networking porous structure consisting of both nanopores and macropores. It is believed that such a unique porous structure can efficiently accommodate the ~260% volume change during germanium alloying and de-alloying process, resulting in an enhanced cycling performance. Finally, these porous membrane electrodes can be manufactured in large scale using a roll-to-roll processing method.},
doi = {10.1039/C5RA19208K},
journal = {RSC Advances},
number = 113,
volume = 5,
place = {United States},
year = {2015},
month = {10}
}