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Title: Role of LiCoO 2 Surface Terminations in Oxygen Reduction and Evolution Kinetics

Oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) and oxygen evolution reaction (OER) activities of LiCoO 2 nanorods with sizes in the range from 9 to 40 nm were studied in alkaline solution. The sides of these nanorods were terminated with low-index surfaces such as (003) while the tips were terminated largely with high-index surfaces such as (104) as revealed by high-resolution transmission electron microscopy. Electron energy loss spectroscopy demonstrated that low-spin Co 3+ prevailed on the sides, while the tips exhibited predominantly high- or intermediate-spin Co 3+. We correlated the electronic and atomic structure to higher specific ORR and OER activities at the tips as compared to the sides, which was accompanied by more facile redox of Co 2+/3+ and higher charge transferred per unit area. These findings highlight the critical role of surface terminations and electronic structures of transition metal oxides on the ORR and OER activity.
 [1] ;  [2] ;  [1] ;  [2] ;  [3] ;  [1]
  1. Massachusetts Inst. of Technology (MIT), Cambridge, MA (United States)
  2. Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
  3. Univ. of California, San Diego, CA (United States)
Publication Date:
Grant/Contract Number:
AC05-00OR22725; EE0000458; DMR 08-019762
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 6; Journal Issue: 8; Journal ID: ISSN 1948-7185
American Chemical Society
Research Org:
Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States). Center for Nanophase Materials Sciences (CNMS)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE); USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22)
Country of Publication:
United States
37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL, AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY; EELS; lithium intercalation; nanorods; oxygen evolution reaction; oxygen reduction reaction
OSTI Identifier:
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1279418