skip to main content


Title: Advanced techniques for characterization of ion beam modified materials

Understanding the mechanisms of damage formation in materials irradiated with energetic ions is essential for the field of ion-beam materials modification and engineering. Utilizing incident ions, electrons, photons, and positrons, various analysis techniques, including Rutherford backscattering spectrometry (RBS), electron RBS, Raman spectroscopy, high-resolution X-ray diffraction, small-angle X-ray scattering, and positron annihilation spectroscopy, are routinely used or gaining increasing attention in characterizing ion beam modified materials. The distinctive information, recent developments, and some perspectives in these techniques are reviewed in this paper. Applications of these techniques are discussed to demonstrate their unique ability for studying ion-solid interactions and the corresponding radiation effects in modified depths ranging from a few nm to a few tens of μm, and to provide information on electronic and atomic structure of the materials, defect configuration and concentration, as well as phase stability, amorphization and recrystallization processes. Finally, such knowledge contributes to our fundamental understanding over a wide range of extreme conditions essential for enhancing material performance and also for design and synthesis of new materials to address a broad variety of future energy applications.
 [1] ;  [2] ;  [3] ;  [4] ;  [5]
  1. Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States); Univ. of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN (United States)
  2. Centre de Sciences Nucleaires et de Sciences de la Matiere, Universite Paris-Sud (France)
  3. Centre Europeen de la Ceramique, Limoges Cedex (France)
  4. Australian National Univ., Canberra, ACT (Australia)
  5. Aalto Univ., Otaniemi (Finland)
Publication Date:
Grant/Contract Number:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Current Opinion in Solid State and Materials Science
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 19; Journal Issue: 1; Journal ID: ISSN 1359-0286
Research Org:
Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22)
Country of Publication:
United States
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; 46 INSTRUMENTATION RELATED TO NUCLEAR SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY; Ion Beam Modification; Rutherford backscattering; Raman spectroscopy; x-ray diffraction; small angle x-ray scattering
OSTI Identifier:
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1251259