skip to main content
DOE PAGES title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: Searching for the rules that govern hadron construction

Abstract

Just as quantum electrodynamics describes how electrons are bound in atoms by the electromagnetic force, mediated by the exchange of photons, quantum chromodynamics (QCD) describes how quarks are bound inside hadrons by the strong force, mediated by the exchange of gluons. QCD seems to allow hadrons constructed from increasingly many quarks to exist, just as atoms with increasing numbers of electrons exist, yet such complex constructions seemed, until recently, not to be present in nature. In this paper, we describe advances in the spectroscopy of mesons that are refining our understanding of the rules for predicting hadron structure from QCD.

Authors:
 [1];  [2];  [1]
  1. Indiana Univ., Bloomington, IN (United States)
  2. Old Dominion Univ., Norfolk, VA (United States); Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility (TJNAF), Newport News, VA (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States). Oak Ridge Leadership Computing Facility (OLCF); Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility (TJNAF), Newport News, VA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Nuclear Physics (NP) (SC-26)
OSTI Identifier:
1262264
Report Number(s):
JLAB-THY-16-2286; DOE/OR/23177-3843
Journal ID: ISSN 0028-0836; nature18011
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC05-06OR23177; FG02-05ER41374; SC0006765
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Nature (London)
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Name: Nature (London); Journal Volume: 534; Journal Issue: 7608; Journal ID: ISSN 0028-0836
Publisher:
Nature Publishing Group
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
72 PHYSICS OF ELEMENTARY PARTICLES AND FIELDS

Citation Formats

Shepherd, Matthew R., Dudek, Jozef J., and Mitchell, Ryan E. Searching for the rules that govern hadron construction. United States: N. p., 2016. Web. doi:10.1038/nature18011.
Shepherd, Matthew R., Dudek, Jozef J., & Mitchell, Ryan E. Searching for the rules that govern hadron construction. United States. doi:10.1038/nature18011.
Shepherd, Matthew R., Dudek, Jozef J., and Mitchell, Ryan E. Wed . "Searching for the rules that govern hadron construction". United States. doi:10.1038/nature18011. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1262264.
@article{osti_1262264,
title = {Searching for the rules that govern hadron construction},
author = {Shepherd, Matthew R. and Dudek, Jozef J. and Mitchell, Ryan E.},
abstractNote = {Just as quantum electrodynamics describes how electrons are bound in atoms by the electromagnetic force, mediated by the exchange of photons, quantum chromodynamics (QCD) describes how quarks are bound inside hadrons by the strong force, mediated by the exchange of gluons. QCD seems to allow hadrons constructed from increasingly many quarks to exist, just as atoms with increasing numbers of electrons exist, yet such complex constructions seemed, until recently, not to be present in nature. In this paper, we describe advances in the spectroscopy of mesons that are refining our understanding of the rules for predicting hadron structure from QCD.},
doi = {10.1038/nature18011},
journal = {Nature (London)},
number = 7608,
volume = 534,
place = {United States},
year = {2016},
month = {6}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record

Citation Metrics:
Cited by: 1 work
Citation information provided by
Web of Science

Save / Share:

Works referenced in this record:

Experimental Observation of a Heavy Particle J
journal, December 1974


Discovery of a Narrow Resonance in e + e Annihilation
journal, December 1974


Charmonium: The model
journal, June 1978


Study of e + e π + π J / ψ and Observation of a Charged Charmoniumlike State at Belle
journal, June 2013


Observation of a Charged Charmoniumlike Structure in e + e π + π J / ψ at s = 4.26 GeV
journal, June 2013


Observation of the charged hadron <mml:math altimg="si1.gif" overflow="scroll" xmlns:xocs="http://www.elsevier.com/xml/xocs/dtd" xmlns:xs="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xmlns="http://www.elsevier.com/xml/ja/dtd" xmlns:ja="http://www.elsevier.com/xml/ja/dtd" xmlns:mml="http://www.w3.org/1998/Math/MathML" xmlns:tb="http://www.elsevier.com/xml/common/table/dtd" xmlns:sb="http://www.elsevier.com/xml/common/struct-bib/dtd" xmlns:ce="http://www.elsevier.com/xml/common/dtd" xmlns:xlink="http://www.w3.org/1999/xlink" xmlns:cals="http://www.elsevier.com/xml/common/cals/dtd" xmlns:sa="http://www.elsevier.com/xml/common/struct-aff/dtd"><mml:msubsup><mml:mrow><mml:mi>Z</mml:mi></mml:mrow><mml:mrow><mml:mi>c</mml:mi></mml:mrow><mml:mrow><mml:mo>±</mml:mo></mml:mrow></mml:msubsup><mml:mo stretchy="false">(</mml:mo><mml:mn>3900</mml:mn><mml:mo stretchy="false">)</mml:mo></mml:math> and evidence for the neutral <mml:math altimg="si2.gif" overflow="scroll" xmlns:xocs="http://www.elsevier.com/xml/xocs/dtd" xmlns:xs="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xmlns="http://www.elsevier.com/xml/ja/dtd" xmlns:ja="http://www.elsevier.com/xml/ja/dtd" xmlns:mml="http://www.w3.org/1998/Math/MathML" xmlns:tb="http://www.elsevier.com/xml/common/table/dtd" xmlns:sb="http://www.elsevier.com/xml/common/struct-bib/dtd" xmlns:ce="http://www.elsevier.com/xml/common/dtd" xmlns:xlink="http://www.w3.org/1999/xlink" xmlns:cals="http://www.elsevier.com/xml/common/cals/dtd" xmlns:sa="http://www.elsevier.com/xml/common/struct-aff/dtd"><mml:msubsup><mml:mrow><mml:mi>Z</mml:mi></mml:mrow><mml:mrow><mml:mi>c</mml:mi></mml:mrow><mml:mrow><mml:mn>0</mml:mn></mml:mrow></mml:msubsup><mml:mo stretchy="false">(</mml:mo><mml:mn>3900</mml:mn><mml:mo stretchy="false">)</mml:mo></mml:math> in <mml:math altimg="si3.gif" overflow="scroll" xmlns:xocs="http://www.elsevier.com/xml/xocs/dtd" xmlns:xs="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xmlns="http://www.elsevier.com/xml/ja/dtd" xmlns:ja="http://www.elsevier.com/xml/ja/dtd" xmlns:mml="http://www.w3.org/1998/Math/MathML" xmlns:tb="http://www.elsevier.com/xml/common/table/dtd" xmlns:sb="http://www.elsevier.com/xml/common/struct-bib/dtd" xmlns:ce="http://www.elsevier.com/xml/common/dtd" xmlns:xlink="http://www.w3.org/1999/xlink" xmlns:cals="http://www.elsevier.com/xml/common/cals/dtd" xmlns:sa="http://www.elsevier.com/xml/common/struct-aff/dtd"><mml:msup><mml:mrow><mml:mi>e</mml:mi></mml:mrow><mml:mrow><mml:mo>+</mml:mo></mml:mrow></mml:msup><mml:msup><mml:mrow><mml:mi>e</mml:mi></mml:mrow><mml:mrow><mml:mo>−</mml:mo></mml:mrow></mml:msup><mml:mo>→</mml:mo><mml:mi>π</mml:mi><mml:mi>π</mml:mi><mml:mi>J</mml:mi><mml:mo stretchy="false">/</mml:mo><mml:mi>ψ</mml:mi></mml:math> at <mml:math altimg="si4.gif" overflow="scroll" xmlns:xocs="http://www.elsevier.com/xml/xocs/dtd" xmlns:xs="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xmlns="http://www.elsevier.com/xml/ja/dtd" xmlns:ja="http://www.elsevier.com/xml/ja/dtd" xmlns:mml="http://www.w3.org/1998/Math/MathML" xmlns:tb="http://www.elsevier.com/xml/common/table/dtd" xmlns:sb="http://www.elsevier.com/xml/common/struct-bib/dtd" xmlns:ce="http://www.elsevier.com/xml/common/dtd" xmlns:xlink="http://www.w3.org/1999/xlink" xmlns:cals="http://www.elsevier.com/xml/common/cals/dtd" xmlns:sa="http://www.elsevier.com/xml/common/struct-aff/dtd"><mml:msqrt><mml:mi>s</mml:mi></mml:msqrt><mml:mo>=</mml:mo><mml:mn>4170</mml:mn><mml:mspace width="0.25em"/><mml:mtext>MeV</mml:mtext></mml:math>
journal, December 2013


Observation of a Charged Charmoniumlike Structure Z c ( 4020 ) and Search for the Z c ( 3900 ) in e + e π + π h c
journal, December 2013


Observation of a new charged charmoniumlike state in B ¯ 0 J / ψ K π + decays
journal, December 2014


Observation of the Resonant Character of the Z ( 4430 ) State
journal, June 2014


Experimental constraints on the spin and parity of the Z ( 4430 ) +
journal, October 2013


Observation of J / ψ p Resonances Consistent with Pentaquark States in Λ b 0 J / ψ K p Decays
journal, August 2015


Observation of Two Charged Bottomoniumlike Resonances in Υ ( 5 S ) Decays
journal, March 2012


Hybrid mesons
journal, May 2015


Observation of Exotic Meson Production in the Reaction π p η π p at 18 GeV / c
journal, April 2001


Observation of a J PC = 1 + Exotic Resonance in Diffractive Dissociation of 190     GeV / c π into π π π +
journal, June 2010


Exotic meson production in the f1(1285)π− system observed in the reaction π−p→ηπ+π−π−p at 18 GeV/c
journal, August 2004


Amplitude analyses of the decays χ c 1 η π + π and χ c 1 η π + π
journal, December 2011


Twenty-First Century Lattice Gauge Theory: Results from the Quantum Chromodynamics Lagrangian
journal, November 2012


Thermodynamics of strong-interaction matter from lattice QCD
journal, October 2015

  • Ding, Heng-Tong; Karsch, Frithjof; Mukherjee, Swagato
  • International Journal of Modern Physics E, Vol. 24, Issue 10
  • DOI: 10.1142/S0218301315300076

Review of lattice results concerning low-energy particle physics
journal, September 2014


Highly Excited and Exotic Meson Spectrum from Dynamical Lattice QCD
journal, December 2009


Toward the excited meson spectrum of dynamical QCD
journal, August 2010


Novel quark-field creation operator construction for hadronic physics in lattice QCD
journal, September 2009


Lattice QCD as a video game
journal, October 2007

  • Egri, Győző I.; Fodor, Zoltán; Hoelbling, Christian
  • Computer Physics Communications, Vol. 177, Issue 8
  • DOI: 10.1016/j.cpc.2007.06.005

Solving lattice QCD systems of equations using mixed precision solvers on GPUs
journal, September 2010


Model of mesons with constituent gluons
journal, February 1978


Flux-tube model for hadrons in QCD
journal, June 1985


Qualitative features of the glueball spectrum
journal, May 1986


QG hybrid mesons in the MIT bag model
journal, September 1983


Coulomb gauge approach to qq̄g hybrid mesons
journal, May 2007


Heavy quarkonium hybrids from Coulomb gauge QCD
journal, September 2008


Excited and exotic charmonium spectroscopy from lattice QCD
journal, July 2012

  • Liu, Liuming; Moir, Graham; Peardon, Michael
  • Journal of High Energy Physics, Vol. 2012, Issue 7
  • DOI: 10.1007/JHEP07(2012)126

Excited spectroscopy of charmed mesons from lattice QCD
journal, May 2013

  • Moir, Graham; Peardon, Michael; Ryan, Sinéad M.
  • Journal of High Energy Physics, Vol. 2013, Issue 5
  • DOI: 10.1007/JHEP05(2013)021

Isoscalar meson spectroscopy from lattice QCD
journal, June 2011


The lightest hybrid meson supermultiplet in QCD
journal, October 2011


Two-particle states on a torus and their relation to the scattering matrix
journal, May 1991


Resonance scattering phase shifts on a non-rest-frame lattice
journal, September 1995


Finite-volume effects for two-hadron states in moving frames
journal, October 2005


Finite volume corrections to the two-particle decay of states with nonzero momentum
journal, December 2005


Two particle states and the S -matrix elements in multi-channel scattering
journal, July 2005


Multiple-channel generalization of Lellouch-Lüscher formula
journal, July 2012


Moving multichannel systems in a finite volume with application to proton-proton fusion
journal, November 2013


Coupled-channel scattering on a torus
journal, July 2013


Lattice QCD calculation of the ρ meson decay width
journal, November 2007


Resonance parameters of the ρ meson from lattice QCD
journal, May 2011


Erratum: Coupled channel analysis of the ρ meson decay in lattice QCD [Phys. Rev. D 84, 054503 (2011)]
journal, March 2014


ρ meson decay in 2 + 1 flavor lattice QCD
journal, November 2011


Resonance parameters of the rho-meson from asymmetrical lattices
journal, January 2013


Lattice study on π K scattering with moving wall source
journal, April 2012


K π scattering for isospin 1 2 and 3 2 in lattice QCD
journal, September 2012


Erratum: Energy dependence of the ρ resonance in π π elastic scattering from lattice QCD [Phys. Rev. D 87 , 034505 (2013)]
journal, November 2014


How resonances can synchronize with thresholds
journal, May 2008


How to reveal the exotic nature of the P c ( 4450 )
journal, October 2015


Z b and Z c exotic states as coupled channel cusps
journal, February 2015


Triangle singularities and XYZ quarkonium peaks
journal, July 2015


Systematic study of the singularity mechanism in heavy quarkonium decays
journal, August 2013


Mesons in a relativized quark model with chromodynamics
journal, July 1985


Review of Particle Physics
journal, August 2014


Measurements of the Cross Section for e + e Hadrons at Center-of-Mass Energies from 2 to 5 GeV
journal, February 2002


Study of the reaction e + e J / ψ π + π via initial-state radiation at BABAR
journal, September 2012


Study of the reaction e + e ψ ( 2 S ) π + π via initial-state radiation at BaBar
journal, June 2014


Observation of Two Resonant Structures in e + e π + π ψ ( 2 S ) via Initial-State Radiation at Belle
journal, October 2007


Toward the excited isoscalar meson spectrum from lattice QCD
journal, November 2013