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Title: Quantum Monte Carlo analysis of a charge ordered insulating antiferromagnet: The Ti4O7 Magneli phase

Abstract

The Magneli phase Ti4O7 is an important transition metal oxide with a wide range of applications because of its interplay between charge, spin, and lattice degrees of freedom. At low temperatures, it has non-trivial magnetic states very close in energy, driven by electronic exchange and correlation interactions. We have examined three low- lying states, one ferromagnetic and two antiferromagnetic, and calculated their energies as well as Ti spin moment distributions using highly accurate Quantum Monte Carlo methods. We compare our results to those obtained from density functional theory- based methods that include approximate corrections for exchange and correlation. Our results confirm the nature of the states and their ordering in energy, as compared with density-functional theory methods. However, the energy differences and spin distributions differ. Here, a detailed analysis suggests that non-local exchange-correlation functionals, in addition to other approximations such as LDA+U to account for correlations, are needed to simultaneously obtain better estimates for spin moments, distributions, energy differences and energy gaps.

Authors:
 [1];  [2];  [3];  [1];  [3];  [4]
  1. Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)
  2. Sandia National Lab. (SNL-NM), Albuquerque, NM (United States)
  3. Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
  4. Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States); Northwestern Univ., Evanston, IL (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States). Oak Ridge Leadership Computing Facility (OLCF); Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States); Sandia National Lab. (SNL-NM), Albuquerque, NM (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA); USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22)
Contributing Org.:
Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States); Northwestern Univ., Evanston, IL (United States)
OSTI Identifier:
1261545
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1339168; OSTI ID: 1339998
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC05-00OR22725; AC02-06CH11357; AC04-94AL85000
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics. PCCP (Print)
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Name: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics. PCCP (Print); Journal Volume: 18; Journal Issue: 27; Journal ID: ISSN 1463-9076
Publisher:
Royal Society of Chemistry
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
97 MATHEMATICS AND COMPUTING; 36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; 71 CLASSICAL AND QUANTUM MECHANICS, GENERAL PHYSICS; 75 CONDENSED MATTER PHYSICS, SUPERCONDUCTIVITY AND SUPERFLUIDITY

Citation Formats

Benali, Anouar, Shulenburger, Luke, Krogel, Jaron T., Zhong, Xiaoling, Kent, Paul R. C., and Heinonen, Olle. Quantum Monte Carlo analysis of a charge ordered insulating antiferromagnet: The Ti4O7 Magneli phase. United States: N. p., 2016. Web. doi:10.1039/C6CP02067D.
Benali, Anouar, Shulenburger, Luke, Krogel, Jaron T., Zhong, Xiaoling, Kent, Paul R. C., & Heinonen, Olle. Quantum Monte Carlo analysis of a charge ordered insulating antiferromagnet: The Ti4O7 Magneli phase. United States. doi:10.1039/C6CP02067D.
Benali, Anouar, Shulenburger, Luke, Krogel, Jaron T., Zhong, Xiaoling, Kent, Paul R. C., and Heinonen, Olle. Tue . "Quantum Monte Carlo analysis of a charge ordered insulating antiferromagnet: The Ti4O7 Magneli phase". United States. doi:10.1039/C6CP02067D. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1261545.
@article{osti_1261545,
title = {Quantum Monte Carlo analysis of a charge ordered insulating antiferromagnet: The Ti4O7 Magneli phase},
author = {Benali, Anouar and Shulenburger, Luke and Krogel, Jaron T. and Zhong, Xiaoling and Kent, Paul R. C. and Heinonen, Olle},
abstractNote = {The Magneli phase Ti4O7 is an important transition metal oxide with a wide range of applications because of its interplay between charge, spin, and lattice degrees of freedom. At low temperatures, it has non-trivial magnetic states very close in energy, driven by electronic exchange and correlation interactions. We have examined three low- lying states, one ferromagnetic and two antiferromagnetic, and calculated their energies as well as Ti spin moment distributions using highly accurate Quantum Monte Carlo methods. We compare our results to those obtained from density functional theory- based methods that include approximate corrections for exchange and correlation. Our results confirm the nature of the states and their ordering in energy, as compared with density-functional theory methods. However, the energy differences and spin distributions differ. Here, a detailed analysis suggests that non-local exchange-correlation functionals, in addition to other approximations such as LDA+U to account for correlations, are needed to simultaneously obtain better estimates for spin moments, distributions, energy differences and energy gaps.},
doi = {10.1039/C6CP02067D},
journal = {Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics. PCCP (Print)},
number = 27,
volume = 18,
place = {United States},
year = {2016},
month = {6}
}

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