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Title: Resource-Efficient Measurement-Device-Independent Entanglement Witness

Abstract

Imperfections in experimental measurement schemes can lead to falsely identifying, or over estimating, entanglement in a quantum system. A recent solution to this is to define schemes that are robust to measurement imperfections—measurement-device-independent entanglement witness (MDI-EW). This approach can be adapted to witness all entangled qubit states for a wide range of physical systems and does not depend on detection efficiencies or classical communication between devices. In this paper, we extend the theory to remove the necessity of prior knowledge about the two-qubit states to be witnessed. Moreover, we tested this model via a novel experimental implementation for MDI-EW that significantly reduces the experimental complexity. Finally, by applying it to a bipartite Werner state, we demonstrate the robustness of this approach against noise by witnessing entanglement down to an entangled state fraction close to 0.4.

Authors:
 [1];  [1];  [1];  [2];  [1];  [1]
  1. Univ. of Geneva (Switzerland). Group of Applied Physics
  2. Univ. of Geneva (Switzerland). Group of Applied Physics; Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States). Computational Sciences and Engineering Division. Quantum Information Science Group
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States); Swiss National Sciences Foundation (Switzerland); USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1261284
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1252129
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC05-00OR22725; 200021-159592
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Physical Review Letters
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 116; Journal Issue: 19; Journal ID: ISSN 0031-9007
Publisher:
American Physical Society (APS)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
71 CLASSICAL AND QUANTUM MECHANICS, GENERAL PHYSICS

Citation Formats

Verbanis, E., Martin, A., Rosset, D., Lim, C. C. W., Thew, R. T., and Zbinden, H. Resource-Efficient Measurement-Device-Independent Entanglement Witness. United States: N. p., 2016. Web. doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.116.190501.
Verbanis, E., Martin, A., Rosset, D., Lim, C. C. W., Thew, R. T., & Zbinden, H. Resource-Efficient Measurement-Device-Independent Entanglement Witness. United States. doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.116.190501.
Verbanis, E., Martin, A., Rosset, D., Lim, C. C. W., Thew, R. T., and Zbinden, H. Mon . "Resource-Efficient Measurement-Device-Independent Entanglement Witness". United States. doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.116.190501. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1261284.
@article{osti_1261284,
title = {Resource-Efficient Measurement-Device-Independent Entanglement Witness},
author = {Verbanis, E. and Martin, A. and Rosset, D. and Lim, C. C. W. and Thew, R. T. and Zbinden, H.},
abstractNote = {Imperfections in experimental measurement schemes can lead to falsely identifying, or over estimating, entanglement in a quantum system. A recent solution to this is to define schemes that are robust to measurement imperfections—measurement-device-independent entanglement witness (MDI-EW). This approach can be adapted to witness all entangled qubit states for a wide range of physical systems and does not depend on detection efficiencies or classical communication between devices. In this paper, we extend the theory to remove the necessity of prior knowledge about the two-qubit states to be witnessed. Moreover, we tested this model via a novel experimental implementation for MDI-EW that significantly reduces the experimental complexity. Finally, by applying it to a bipartite Werner state, we demonstrate the robustness of this approach against noise by witnessing entanglement down to an entangled state fraction close to 0.4.},
doi = {10.1103/PhysRevLett.116.190501},
journal = {Physical Review Letters},
number = 19,
volume = 116,
place = {United States},
year = {2016},
month = {5}
}

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