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Title: A Well-Defined Isocyano Analogue of HCo(CO) 4. 2: Relative Brønsted Acidity as a Function of Isocyanide Ligation

The m-terphenyl isocyanide complex, HCo(CNAr Mes2) 4 (Ar Mes2 = 2,6-(2,4,6-Me 3C 6H 2) 2C 6H 3), serves as a unique example of a well-defined isocyano analogue to HCo(CO) 4. Given the well documented Brønsted acidity of HCo(CO) 4 in both protic and nonprotic media, the Brønsted acidity of HCo(CNAr Mes2) 4 was assessed for a quantitative comparison. Acid bracketing experiments in THF solution revealed that HCo(CNAr Mes2) 4 has a Morris relative pK α THF value of 38.5-40.7, which is considerably higher than that of HCo(CO) 4 (pK α THF (calc) = 11.4) and thereby indicates insignificant Brønsted acidity. Furthermore, the relative acidity of HCo(CNAr Mes2) 4 rivals that of tetra-phosphine cobalt hydrides (i.e., HCo(PR 3) 4; pK α THF (calc) ≥ 48), despite the good π-acidity properties of the isocyano unit. To systematically determine the effect of substituting an isocyanide for a CO ligand on the acidity of the Co-H unit in HCoL 4 complexes, the full series of HCo(CO) n(CNAr Mes2) 4-n monohydrides and [Co(CO) n(CNAr Mes2) 4-n] - (n = 1-4) metalates were prepared and characterized. Acid bracketing studies on the [Co(CO) n(CNAr Mes2) 4-n] - metalates in THF solution revealed a regular progression of increasingmore » pK α THF values as isocyanides are added to the Co center. However, the monoisocyanide tricarbonyl hydride, HCo(CO) 3(CNAr Mes2), possesses a pK α THF value of 28.6-32.5, which is also significantly higher than that of HCo(CO) 4 and the monophosphine complex HCo(CO) 3(PPh 3). Accordingly, the unconventional ability of isocyanide ligands to function as stronger σ-donors than organophosphines is discussed within the context of both the Brønsted acidity and spectroscopic features of the HCo(CO) n(CNAr Mes2) 4-n monohydrides.« less
 [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [1]
  1. Univ. of California, San Diego, CA (United States). Dept. of Chemistry and Biochemistry
Publication Date:
Grant/Contract Number:
SC0008058; CHE-1464978
Published Article
Journal Name:
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 35; Journal Issue: 14; Journal ID: ISSN 0276-7333
American Chemical Society
Research Org:
Univ. of California, San Diego, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22); National Science Foundation (NSF)
Country of Publication:
United States
OSTI Identifier:
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1281963