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Title: Electrostatic analyzer measurements of ionospheric thermal ion populations

Abstract

Here, we define the observational parameter regime necessary for observing low-altitude ionospheric origins of high-latitude ion upflow/outflow. We present measurement challenges and identify a new analysis technique which mitigates these impediments. To probe the initiation of auroral ion upflow, it is necessary to examine the thermal ion population at 200-350 km, where typical thermal energies are tenths of eV. Interpretation of the thermal ion distribution function measurement requires removal of payload sheath and ram effects. We use a 3-D Maxwellian model to quantify how observed ionospheric parameters such as density, temperature, and flows affect in situ measurements of the thermal ion distribution function. We define the viable acceptance window of a typical top-hat electrostatic analyzer in this regime and show that the instrument's energy resolution prohibits it from directly observing the shape of the particle spectra. To extract detailed information about measured particle population, we define two intermediate parameters from the measured distribution function, then use a Maxwellian model to replicate possible measured parameters for comparison to the data. Liouville's theorem and the thin-sheath approximation allow us to couple the measured and modeled intermediate parameters such that measurements inside the sheath provide information about plasma outside the sheath. We applymore » this technique to sounding rocket data to show that careful windowing of the data and Maxwellian models allows for extraction of the best choice of geophysical parameters. More widespread use of this analysis technique will help our community expand its observational database of the seed regions of ionospheric outflows.« less

Authors:
 [1];  [2]
  1. Dartmouth College, Hanover, NH (United States); ISR-1 Space Science and Applications, Los Alamos, NM (United States)
  2. Dartmouth College, Hanover, NH (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1260565
Report Number(s):
LA-UR-16-21085
Journal ID: ISSN 2169-9380
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC52-06NA25396
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Journal of Geophysical Research. Space Physics
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Name: Journal of Geophysical Research. Space Physics; Journal ID: ISSN 2169-9380
Publisher:
American Geophysical Union
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
71 CLASSICAL AND QUANTUM MECHANICS, GENERAL PHYSICS; Ionospheric physics; thermal ion measurements; space physics; electrostatic analyzer; ion outflow; instrumentation

Citation Formats

Fernandes, P. A., and Lynch, K. A. Electrostatic analyzer measurements of ionospheric thermal ion populations. United States: N. p., 2016. Web. doi:10.1002/2016JA022582.
Fernandes, P. A., & Lynch, K. A. Electrostatic analyzer measurements of ionospheric thermal ion populations. United States. doi:10.1002/2016JA022582.
Fernandes, P. A., and Lynch, K. A. Sat . "Electrostatic analyzer measurements of ionospheric thermal ion populations". United States. doi:10.1002/2016JA022582. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1260565.
@article{osti_1260565,
title = {Electrostatic analyzer measurements of ionospheric thermal ion populations},
author = {Fernandes, P. A. and Lynch, K. A.},
abstractNote = {Here, we define the observational parameter regime necessary for observing low-altitude ionospheric origins of high-latitude ion upflow/outflow. We present measurement challenges and identify a new analysis technique which mitigates these impediments. To probe the initiation of auroral ion upflow, it is necessary to examine the thermal ion population at 200-350 km, where typical thermal energies are tenths of eV. Interpretation of the thermal ion distribution function measurement requires removal of payload sheath and ram effects. We use a 3-D Maxwellian model to quantify how observed ionospheric parameters such as density, temperature, and flows affect in situ measurements of the thermal ion distribution function. We define the viable acceptance window of a typical top-hat electrostatic analyzer in this regime and show that the instrument's energy resolution prohibits it from directly observing the shape of the particle spectra. To extract detailed information about measured particle population, we define two intermediate parameters from the measured distribution function, then use a Maxwellian model to replicate possible measured parameters for comparison to the data. Liouville's theorem and the thin-sheath approximation allow us to couple the measured and modeled intermediate parameters such that measurements inside the sheath provide information about plasma outside the sheath. We apply this technique to sounding rocket data to show that careful windowing of the data and Maxwellian models allows for extraction of the best choice of geophysical parameters. More widespread use of this analysis technique will help our community expand its observational database of the seed regions of ionospheric outflows.},
doi = {10.1002/2016JA022582},
journal = {Journal of Geophysical Research. Space Physics},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {2016},
month = {7}
}

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Works referenced in this record:

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