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Title: Advances in x-ray framing cameras at the National Ignition Facility to improve quantitative precision in x-ray imaging

We describe an experimental method to measure the gate profile of an x-ray framing camera and to determine several important functional parameters: relative gain (between strips), relative gain droop (within each strip), gate propagation velocity, gate width, and actual inter-strip timing. Several of these parameters cannot be measured accurately by any other technique. This method is then used to document cross talk-induced gain variations and artifacts created by radiation that arrives before the framing camera is actively amplifying x-rays. Electromagnetic cross talk can cause relative gains to vary significantly as inter-strip timing is varied. This imposes a stringent requirement for gain calibration. If radiation arrives before a framing camera is triggered, it can cause an artifact that manifests as a high-intensity, spatially varying background signal. Furthermore, we have developed a device that can be added to the framing camera head to prevent these artifacts.
 [1] ;  [1] ;  [2] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [3] ;  [1] ;  [1]
  1. Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States)
  2. Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States); Varian, Las Vegas, NV (United States)
  3. Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States); Pacific Biosciences, Menlo Park, CA (United States)
Publication Date:
Report Number(s):
Journal ID: ISSN 0034-6748; RSINAK
Grant/Contract Number:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Review of Scientific Instruments
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 87; Journal Issue: 2; Journal ID: ISSN 0034-6748
American Institute of Physics (AIP)
Research Org:
Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
Country of Publication:
United States
70 PLASMA PHYSICS AND FUSION; 71 CLASSICAL AND QUANTUM MECHANICS, GENERAL PHYSICS; cameras; x-ray imaging; x-ray lasers; electrons; x-rays
OSTI Identifier:
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1239612