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Title: Amorphization and nanocrystallization of silcon under shock compression

High-power, short-duration, laser-driven, shock compression and recovery experiments on [001] silicon unveiled remarkable structural changes above a pressure threshold. Two distinct amorphous regions were identified: (a) a bulk amorphous layer close to the surface and (b) amorphous bands initially aligned with {111} slip planes. Further increase of the laser energy leads to the re-crystallization of amorphous silicon into nanocrystals with high concentration of nano-twins. This amorphization is produced by the combined effect of high magnitude hydrostatic and shear stresses under dynamic shock compression. Shock-induced defects play a very important role in the onset of amorphization. Calculations of the free energy changes with pressure and shear, using the Patel-Cohen methodology, are in agreement with the experimental results. Molecular dynamics simulation corroborates the amorphization, showing that it is initiated by the nucleation and propagation of partial dislocations. As a result, the nucleation of amorphization is analyzed qualitatively by classical nucleation theory.
 [1] ;  [1] ;  [2] ;  [2] ;  [2] ;  [3] ;  [2]
  1. Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States)
  2. Univ. of California, San Diego, La Jolla, CA (United States)
  3. Univ. Nacional de Cuyo, Mendoza (Argentina); CONICET, Mendoza (Argentina)
Publication Date:
Report Number(s):
Journal ID: ISSN 1359-6454
Grant/Contract Number:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Acta Materialia
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 103; Journal Issue: C; Journal ID: ISSN 1359-6454
Research Org:
Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22)
Country of Publication:
United States
42 ENGINEERING; 36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; laser shock compression; silicon; amorphization; nanocrystalline; nano-twinning
OSTI Identifier:
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1397676