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Title: Polysaccharide degradation systems of the saprophytic bacterium Cellvibrio japonicus

Abstract

Study of recalcitrant polysaccharide degradation by bacterial systems is critical for understanding biological processes such as global carbon cycling, nutritional contributions of the human gut microbiome, and the production of renewable fuels and chemicals. One bacterium that has a robust ability to degrade polysaccharides is the Gram-negative saprophyte Cellvibrio japonicus. A bacterium with a circuitous history, C. japonicus underwent several taxonomy changes from an initially described Pseudomonas sp. Most of the enzymes described in the pre-genomics era have also been renamed. Furthermore, this review aims to consolidate the biochemical, structural, and genetic data published on C. japonicus and its remarkable ability to degrade cellulose, xylan, and pectin substrates. Initially, C. japonicus carbohydrate-active enzymes were studied biochemically and structurally for their novel polysaccharide binding and degradation characteristics, while more recent systems biology approaches have begun to unravel the complex regulation required for lignocellulose degradation in an environmental context. Also included is a discussion for the future of C. japonicus as a model system, with emphasis on current areas unexplored in terms of polysaccharide degradation and emerging directions for C. japonicus in both environmental and biotechnological applications.

Authors:
 [1]
  1. Univ. of Maryland, College Park, MD (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Univ. of Maryland, College Park, MD (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Biological and Environmental Research (BER) (SC-23)
OSTI Identifier:
1259846
Grant/Contract Number:  
SC0014183
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
World Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 32; Journal Issue: 7; Journal ID: ISSN 0959-3993
Publisher:
Springer
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
59 BASIC BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES; carbohydrate active enzyme; Cellvibrio japonicus; lignocellulose; polysaccharide; degradation; saprophyte

Citation Formats

Gardner, Jeffrey G. Polysaccharide degradation systems of the saprophytic bacterium Cellvibrio japonicus. United States: N. p., 2016. Web. doi:10.1007/s11274-016-2068-6.
Gardner, Jeffrey G. Polysaccharide degradation systems of the saprophytic bacterium Cellvibrio japonicus. United States. doi:10.1007/s11274-016-2068-6.
Gardner, Jeffrey G. Sat . "Polysaccharide degradation systems of the saprophytic bacterium Cellvibrio japonicus". United States. doi:10.1007/s11274-016-2068-6. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1259846.
@article{osti_1259846,
title = {Polysaccharide degradation systems of the saprophytic bacterium Cellvibrio japonicus},
author = {Gardner, Jeffrey G.},
abstractNote = {Study of recalcitrant polysaccharide degradation by bacterial systems is critical for understanding biological processes such as global carbon cycling, nutritional contributions of the human gut microbiome, and the production of renewable fuels and chemicals. One bacterium that has a robust ability to degrade polysaccharides is the Gram-negative saprophyte Cellvibrio japonicus. A bacterium with a circuitous history, C. japonicus underwent several taxonomy changes from an initially described Pseudomonas sp. Most of the enzymes described in the pre-genomics era have also been renamed. Furthermore, this review aims to consolidate the biochemical, structural, and genetic data published on C. japonicus and its remarkable ability to degrade cellulose, xylan, and pectin substrates. Initially, C. japonicus carbohydrate-active enzymes were studied biochemically and structurally for their novel polysaccharide binding and degradation characteristics, while more recent systems biology approaches have begun to unravel the complex regulation required for lignocellulose degradation in an environmental context. Also included is a discussion for the future of C. japonicus as a model system, with emphasis on current areas unexplored in terms of polysaccharide degradation and emerging directions for C. japonicus in both environmental and biotechnological applications.},
doi = {10.1007/s11274-016-2068-6},
journal = {World Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology},
number = 7,
volume = 32,
place = {United States},
year = {2016},
month = {6}
}

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