DOE PAGES title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: Probing off-Hugoniot states in Ta, Cu, and Al to 1000 GPa compression with magnetically driven liner implosions

Abstract

We report on a new technique for obtaining off-Hugoniot pressure vs. density data for solid metals compressed to extreme pressure by a magnetically driven liner implosion on the Z-machine (Z) at Sandia National Laboratories. In our experiments, the liner comprises inner and outer metal tubes. The inner tube is composed of a sample material (e.g., Ta and Cu) whose compressed state is to be inferred. The outer tube is composed of Al and serves as the current carrying cathode. Another aluminum liner at much larger radius serves as the anode. A shaped current pulse quasi-isentropically compresses the sample as it implodes. The iterative method used to infer pressure vs. density requires two velocity measurements. Photonic Doppler velocimetry probes measure the implosion velocity of the free (inner) surface of the sample material and the explosion velocity of the anode free (outer) surface. These two velocities are used in conjunction with magnetohydrodynamic simulation and mathematical optimization to obtain the current driving the liner implosion, and to infer pressure and density in the sample through maximum compression. This new equation of state calibration technique is illustrated using a simulated experiment with a Cu sample. Monte Carlo uncertainty quantification of synthetic data establishes convergencemore » criteria for experiments. Results are presented from experiments with Al/Ta, Al/Cu, and Al liners. Symmetric liner implosion with quasi-isentropic compression to peak pressure ~1000 GPa is achieved in all cases. Lastly, these experiments exhibit unexpectedly softer behavior above 200 GPa, which we conjecture is related to differences in the actual and modeled properties of aluminum.« less

Authors:
 [1];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [2];  [1];  [3];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [2];  [1];  [1]
  1. Sandia National Lab. (SNL-NM), Albuquerque, NM (United States)
  2. General Atomics, San Diego, CA (United States)
  3. Sandia National Lab. (SNL-NM), Albuquerque, NM (United States); Washington State Univ., Pullman, WA (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Sandia National Lab. (SNL-NM), Albuquerque, NM (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)
OSTI Identifier:
1259836
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1421087
Report Number(s):
SAND-2015-7246J
Journal ID: ISSN 0021-8979; JAPIAU; 604078
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC04-94AL85000
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Journal of Applied Physics
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 119; Journal Issue: 1; Journal ID: ISSN 0021-8979
Publisher:
American Institute of Physics (AIP)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; velocity measurement; free surface; aluminum; anodes; tantalum

Citation Formats

Lemke, R. W., Dolan, D. H., Dalton, D. G., Brown, J. L., Tomlinson, K., Robertson, G. R., Knudson, M. D., Harding, E., Mattsson, A. E., Carpenter, J. H., Drake, R. R., Cochrane, K., Blue, B. E., Robinson, A. C., and Mattsson, T. R. Probing off-Hugoniot states in Ta, Cu, and Al to 1000 GPa compression with magnetically driven liner implosions. United States: N. p., 2016. Web. doi:10.1063/1.4939675.
Lemke, R. W., Dolan, D. H., Dalton, D. G., Brown, J. L., Tomlinson, K., Robertson, G. R., Knudson, M. D., Harding, E., Mattsson, A. E., Carpenter, J. H., Drake, R. R., Cochrane, K., Blue, B. E., Robinson, A. C., & Mattsson, T. R. Probing off-Hugoniot states in Ta, Cu, and Al to 1000 GPa compression with magnetically driven liner implosions. United States. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.4939675
Lemke, R. W., Dolan, D. H., Dalton, D. G., Brown, J. L., Tomlinson, K., Robertson, G. R., Knudson, M. D., Harding, E., Mattsson, A. E., Carpenter, J. H., Drake, R. R., Cochrane, K., Blue, B. E., Robinson, A. C., and Mattsson, T. R. Thu . "Probing off-Hugoniot states in Ta, Cu, and Al to 1000 GPa compression with magnetically driven liner implosions". United States. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.4939675. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1259836.
@article{osti_1259836,
title = {Probing off-Hugoniot states in Ta, Cu, and Al to 1000 GPa compression with magnetically driven liner implosions},
author = {Lemke, R. W. and Dolan, D. H. and Dalton, D. G. and Brown, J. L. and Tomlinson, K. and Robertson, G. R. and Knudson, M. D. and Harding, E. and Mattsson, A. E. and Carpenter, J. H. and Drake, R. R. and Cochrane, K. and Blue, B. E. and Robinson, A. C. and Mattsson, T. R.},
abstractNote = {We report on a new technique for obtaining off-Hugoniot pressure vs. density data for solid metals compressed to extreme pressure by a magnetically driven liner implosion on the Z-machine (Z) at Sandia National Laboratories. In our experiments, the liner comprises inner and outer metal tubes. The inner tube is composed of a sample material (e.g., Ta and Cu) whose compressed state is to be inferred. The outer tube is composed of Al and serves as the current carrying cathode. Another aluminum liner at much larger radius serves as the anode. A shaped current pulse quasi-isentropically compresses the sample as it implodes. The iterative method used to infer pressure vs. density requires two velocity measurements. Photonic Doppler velocimetry probes measure the implosion velocity of the free (inner) surface of the sample material and the explosion velocity of the anode free (outer) surface. These two velocities are used in conjunction with magnetohydrodynamic simulation and mathematical optimization to obtain the current driving the liner implosion, and to infer pressure and density in the sample through maximum compression. This new equation of state calibration technique is illustrated using a simulated experiment with a Cu sample. Monte Carlo uncertainty quantification of synthetic data establishes convergence criteria for experiments. Results are presented from experiments with Al/Ta, Al/Cu, and Al liners. Symmetric liner implosion with quasi-isentropic compression to peak pressure ~1000 GPa is achieved in all cases. Lastly, these experiments exhibit unexpectedly softer behavior above 200 GPa, which we conjecture is related to differences in the actual and modeled properties of aluminum.},
doi = {10.1063/1.4939675},
journal = {Journal of Applied Physics},
number = 1,
volume = 119,
place = {United States},
year = {2016},
month = {1}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record

Citation Metrics:
Cited by: 7 works
Citation information provided by
Web of Science

Save / Share:

Works referenced in this record:

Direct observation of an abrupt insulator-to-metal transition in dense liquid deuterium
journal, June 2015


Impact vaporization of planetesimal cores in the late stages of planet formation
journal, March 2015

  • Kraus, Richard G.; Root, Seth; Lemke, Raymond W.
  • Nature Geoscience, Vol. 8, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1038/ngeo2369

Shockless compression and release behavior of beryllium to 110 GPa
journal, July 2014

  • Brown, J. L.; Knudson, M. D.; Alexander, C. S.
  • Journal of Applied Physics, Vol. 116, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.4890232

Shock Compression of a Fifth Period Element: Liquid Xenon to 840 GPa
journal, August 2010


Analysis of shockless dynamic compression data on solids to multi-megabar pressures: Application to tantalum
journal, November 2014

  • Davis, Jean-Paul; Brown, Justin L.; Knudson, Marcus D.
  • Journal of Applied Physics, Vol. 116, Issue 20, Article No. 204903
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.4902863

Experimental measurement of the principal isentrope for aluminum 6061-T6 to 240GPa
journal, May 2006

  • Davis, Jean-Paul
  • Journal of Applied Physics, Vol. 99, Issue 10
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.2196110

Magnetically driven hyper-velocity launch capability at the Sandia Z accelerator
journal, June 2011


Magnetically accelerated, ultrahigh velocity flyer plates for shock wave experiments
journal, October 2005

  • Lemke, R. W.; Knudson, M. D.; Bliss, D. E.
  • Journal of Applied Physics, Vol. 98, Issue 7
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.2084316

Self-consistent, two-dimensional, magnetohydrodynamic simulations of magnetically driven flyer plates
journal, May 2003

  • Lemke, R. W.; Knudson, M. D.; Robinson, A. C.
  • Physics of Plasmas, Vol. 10, Issue 5
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.1557530

Characterization of magnetically accelerated flyer plates
journal, April 2003

  • Lemke, R. W.; Knudson, M. D.; Hall, C. A.
  • Physics of Plasmas, Vol. 10, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.1554740

Magnetically driven isentropic compression to multimegabar pressures using shaped current pulses on the Z accelerator
journal, May 2005

  • Davis, Jean-Paul; Deeney, Christopher; Knudson, Marcus D.
  • Physics of Plasmas, Vol. 12, Issue 5, Article No. 056310
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.1871954

The effect of nearly steady shock waves in ramp compression experiments
journal, June 2015

  • Fratanduono, D. E.; Smith, R. F.; Braun, D. G.
  • Journal of Applied Physics, Vol. 117, Issue 24
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.4922583

Ramp compression of diamond to five terapascals
journal, July 2014

  • Smith, R. F.; Eggert, J. H.; Jeanloz, R.
  • Nature, Vol. 511, Issue 7509
  • DOI: 10.1038/nature13526

Solid liner implosions on Z for producing multi-megabar, shockless compressions
journal, May 2012

  • Martin, M. R.; Lemke, R. W.; McBride, R. D.
  • Physics of Plasmas, Vol. 19, Issue 5
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.3694519

Analysis of Lagrangian gauge measurements of simple and nonsimple plane waves
journal, May 1991

  • Aidun, John B.; Gupta, Y. M.
  • Journal of Applied Physics, Vol. 69, Issue 10
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.347639

Characteristics analysis of Isentropic Compression Experiments (ICE)
journal, July 2006


Ramp wave Stress-Density Measurements of ta and w
conference, January 2008

  • Eggert, J.; Bastea, M.; Reisman, D. B.
  • SHOCK COMPRESSION OF CONDENSED MATTER - 2007: Proceedings of the Conference of the American Physical Society Topical Group on Shock Compression of Condensed Matter, AIP Conference Proceedings
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.2832929

Compact system for high-speed velocimetry using heterodyne techniques
journal, August 2006

  • Strand, O. T.; Goosman, D. R.; Martinez, C.
  • Review of Scientific Instruments, Vol. 77, Issue 8
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.2336749

Accuracy and precision in photonic Doppler velocimetry
journal, May 2010

  • Dolan, D. H.
  • Review of Scientific Instruments, Vol. 81, Issue 5
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.3429257

Accuracy limits and window corrections for photon Doppler velocimetry
journal, January 2007

  • Jensen, B. J.; Holtkamp, D. B.; Rigg, P. A.
  • Journal of Applied Physics, Vol. 101, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.2407290

Tracking an imploding cylinder with photonic Doppler velocimetry
journal, May 2013

  • Dolan, D. H.; Lemke, R. W.; McBride, R. D.
  • Review of Scientific Instruments, Vol. 84, Issue 5
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.4803074

Velocity sensing interferometer (VISAR) modification
journal, January 1979

  • Hemsing, Willard F.
  • Review of Scientific Instruments, Vol. 50, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.1135672

Temperature effects on the universal equation of state of solids
journal, February 1987


Universal features of the equation of state of solids
journal, March 1989


First-principles theory of Ta up to 10 Mbar pressure: Structural and mechanical properties
journal, May 1998


Lattice dynamics and phase diagram of aluminum at high temperatures
journal, October 2013

  • Kudasov, Yu. B.; Surdin, O. M.; Korshunov, A. S.
  • Journal of Experimental and Theoretical Physics, Vol. 117, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1134/S1063776113100038

Evidence of a fcc-hcp Transition in Aluminum at Multimegabar Pressure
journal, February 2006


Theoretical equation of state for aluminum
journal, January 1987


The cold Equation of State of Tantalum
conference, January 2009

  • Greeff, C. W.; Rudin, S. P.; Crockett, S. D.
  • SHOCK COMPRESSION OF CONDENSED MATTER 2009: Proceedings of the American Physical Society Topical Group on Shock Compression of Condensed Matter, AIP Conference Proceedings
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.3295231

A constitutive model for strain rates from 10 4 to 10 6 s 1
journal, February 1989

  • Steinberg, D. J.; Lund, C. M.
  • Journal of Applied Physics, Vol. 65, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.342968

Works referencing / citing this record:

Plasma and radiation detection via fiber interferometry
journal, January 2018

  • Dolan, D. H.; Bell, K.; Fox, B.
  • Journal of Applied Physics, Vol. 123, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.5008489

X-ray diffraction of ramp-compressed aluminum to 475 GPa
journal, August 2018

  • Polsin, D. N.; Fratanduono, D. E.; Rygg, J. R.
  • Physics of Plasmas, Vol. 25, Issue 8
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.5032095

Direct calculation of sound speed of materials under ramp wave compression
journal, November 2018

  • Luo, Binqiang; Jin, Yunsheng; Li, Mu
  • AIP Advances, Vol. 8, Issue 11
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.5047479

Reduction of ablated surface expansion in pulsed-power-driven experiments using an aerosol dielectric coating
journal, July 2019

  • Evans, M.; Adams, M. B.; Campbell, P. C.
  • Physics of Plasmas, Vol. 26, Issue 7
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.5066231

Enhancing cylindrical compression by reducing plasma ablation in pulsed-power drivers
journal, April 2019

  • Gourdain, P. -A.; Adams, M. B.; Evans, M.
  • Physics of Plasmas, Vol. 26, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.5086305

Optimization of switch diagnostics on the MAIZE linear transformer driver
journal, December 2019

  • Shah, A. P.; Campbell, P. C.; Miller, S. M.
  • Review of Scientific Instruments, Vol. 90, Issue 12
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.5113866

Controlling Rayleigh-Taylor Instabilities in Magnetically Driven Solid Metal Shells by Means of a Dynamic Screw Pinch
journal, November 2016


Measurement of Body-Centered-Cubic Aluminum at 475 GPa
journal, October 2017