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Title: Understanding reliability and some limitations of the images and spectra reconstructed from a multi-monochromatic x-ray imager

Temperature and density asymmetry diagnosis is critical to advance inertial confinement fusion (ICF) science. A multi-monochromatic x-ray imager (MMI) is an attractive diagnostic for this purpose. The MMI records the spectral signature from an ICF implosion core with time resolution, 2-D space resolution, and spectral resolution. While narrow-band images and 2-D space-resolved spectra from the MMI data constrain temperature and density spatial structure of the core, the accuracy of the images and spectra depends not only on the quality of the MMI data but also on the reliability of the post-processing tools. In this paper, we synthetically quantify the accuracy of images and spectra reconstructed from MMI data. Errors in the reconstructed images are less than a few percent when the space-resolution effect is applied to the modeled images. The errors in the reconstructed 2-D space-resolved spectra are also less than a few percent except those for the peripheral regions. Spectra reconstructed for the peripheral regions have slightly but systematically lower intensities by ~6% due to the instrumental spatial-resolution effects. However, this does not alter the relative line ratios and widths and thus does not affect the temperature and density diagnostics. We also investigate the impact of the pinhole sizemore » variation on the extracted images and spectra. A 10% pinhole size variation could introduce spatial bias to the images and spectra of ~10%. A correction algorithm is developed, and it successfully reduces the errors to a few percent. Finally, it is desirable to perform similar synthetic investigations to fully understand the reliability and limitations of each MMI application.« less
 [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [2] ;  [3]
  1. Univ. of Nevada, Reno, NV (United States). Physics Dept.
  2. Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States)
  3. Univ. of Las Palmas de Gran Canaria (Spain). Physics Dept.
Publication Date:
Report Number(s):
Journal ID: ISSN 0034-6748
Grant/Contract Number:
AC52-07NA27344; NA0000859; NA0002267
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Review of Scientific Instruments
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 86; Journal Issue: 11; Journal ID: ISSN 0034-6748
American Institute of Physics (AIP)
Research Org:
Univ. of Nevada, Reno, NV (United States); Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)
Country of Publication:
United States
46 INSTRUMENTATION RELATED TO NUCLEAR SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY; 70 PLASMA PHYSICS AND FUSION TECHNOLOGY; image reconstruction; inertial confinement; spatial resolution; brightness; medical image reconstruction
OSTI Identifier:
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1226395