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Title: Estimating heterotrophic respiration at large scales: challenges, approaches, and next steps

Abstract

Heterotrophic respiration (HR), the aerobic and anaerobic processes mineralizing organic matter, is a key carbon flux but one impossible to measure at scales significantly larger than small experimental plots. This impedes our ability to understand carbon and nutrient cycles, benchmark models, or reliably upscale point measurements. Given that a new generation of highly mechanistic, genomic-specific global models is not imminent, we suggest that a useful step to improve this situation would be the development of Decomposition Functional Types (DFTs). Analogous to plant functional types (PFTs), DFTs would abstract and capture important differences in HR metabolism and flux dynamics, allowing modelers and experimentalists to efficiently group and vary these characteristics across space and time. We argue that DFTs should be initially informed by top-down expert opinion, but ultimately developed using bottom-up, data-driven analyses, and provide specific examples of potential dependent and independent variables that could be used. We present an example clustering analysis to show how annual HR can be broken into distinct groups associated with global variability in biotic and abiotic factors, and demonstrate that these groups are distinct from (but complementary to) already-existing PFTs. A similar analysis incorporating observational data could form the basis for future DFTs. Finally, wemore » suggest next steps and critical priorities: collection and synthesis of existing data; more in-depth analyses combining open data with rigorous testing of analytical results; using point measurements and realistic forcing variables to constrain process-based models; and planning by the global modeling community for decoupling decomposition from fixed site data. Lastly, these are all critical steps to build a foundation for DFTs in global models, thus providing the ecological and climate change communities with robust, scalable estimates of HR.« less

Authors:
 [1];  [2];  [3];  [4];  [5];  [5];  [6];  [7]
  1. Joint Global Change Research InstitutePacific Northwest National Laboratory 5825 University Research Court College Park Maryland 20740 USA
  2. Université de LorraineUMR INRA‐UL 1137 Ecologie et Ecophysiologie Forestières Vandoeuvre‐les‐Nancy F54500 France
  3. United States Geological Survey Menlo Park California 94025 USA
  4. Department of Forest Ecosystems and SocietyOregon State University Corvallis Oregon 97331 USA
  5. Oak Ridge National LaboratoryClimate Change Science Institute Oak Ridge Tennessee 37831 USA
  6. United States Geological SurveyAlaska Cooperative Fish and Wildlife Research UnitUniversity of Alaska Fairbanks Fairbanks Alaska 99775 USA
  7. Department of Plant and Soil SciencesUniversity of Delaware Newark Delaware 19716 USA
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC); Work for Others (WFO)
OSTI Identifier:
1259577
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1260854; OSTI ID: 1263881
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC05-00OR22725
Resource Type:
Published Article
Journal Name:
Ecosphere
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Name: Ecosphere Journal Volume: 7 Journal Issue: 6; Journal ID: ISSN 2150-8925
Publisher:
Wiley Blackwell (John Wiley & Sons)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
54 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES; 59 BASIC BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES; heterotropic respiration; carbon cycle; modeling

Citation Formats

Bond‐Lamberty, Ben, Epron, Daniel, Harden, Jennifer, Harmon, Mark E., Hoffman, Forrest, Kumar, Jitendra, David McGuire, Anthony, and Vargas, Rodrigo. Estimating heterotrophic respiration at large scales: challenges, approaches, and next steps. United States: N. p., 2016. Web. doi:10.1002/ecs2.1380.
Bond‐Lamberty, Ben, Epron, Daniel, Harden, Jennifer, Harmon, Mark E., Hoffman, Forrest, Kumar, Jitendra, David McGuire, Anthony, & Vargas, Rodrigo. Estimating heterotrophic respiration at large scales: challenges, approaches, and next steps. United States. doi:10.1002/ecs2.1380.
Bond‐Lamberty, Ben, Epron, Daniel, Harden, Jennifer, Harmon, Mark E., Hoffman, Forrest, Kumar, Jitendra, David McGuire, Anthony, and Vargas, Rodrigo. Fri . "Estimating heterotrophic respiration at large scales: challenges, approaches, and next steps". United States. doi:10.1002/ecs2.1380.
@article{osti_1259577,
title = {Estimating heterotrophic respiration at large scales: challenges, approaches, and next steps},
author = {Bond‐Lamberty, Ben and Epron, Daniel and Harden, Jennifer and Harmon, Mark E. and Hoffman, Forrest and Kumar, Jitendra and David McGuire, Anthony and Vargas, Rodrigo},
abstractNote = {Heterotrophic respiration (HR), the aerobic and anaerobic processes mineralizing organic matter, is a key carbon flux but one impossible to measure at scales significantly larger than small experimental plots. This impedes our ability to understand carbon and nutrient cycles, benchmark models, or reliably upscale point measurements. Given that a new generation of highly mechanistic, genomic-specific global models is not imminent, we suggest that a useful step to improve this situation would be the development of Decomposition Functional Types (DFTs). Analogous to plant functional types (PFTs), DFTs would abstract and capture important differences in HR metabolism and flux dynamics, allowing modelers and experimentalists to efficiently group and vary these characteristics across space and time. We argue that DFTs should be initially informed by top-down expert opinion, but ultimately developed using bottom-up, data-driven analyses, and provide specific examples of potential dependent and independent variables that could be used. We present an example clustering analysis to show how annual HR can be broken into distinct groups associated with global variability in biotic and abiotic factors, and demonstrate that these groups are distinct from (but complementary to) already-existing PFTs. A similar analysis incorporating observational data could form the basis for future DFTs. Finally, we suggest next steps and critical priorities: collection and synthesis of existing data; more in-depth analyses combining open data with rigorous testing of analytical results; using point measurements and realistic forcing variables to constrain process-based models; and planning by the global modeling community for decoupling decomposition from fixed site data. Lastly, these are all critical steps to build a foundation for DFTs in global models, thus providing the ecological and climate change communities with robust, scalable estimates of HR.},
doi = {10.1002/ecs2.1380},
journal = {Ecosphere},
number = 6,
volume = 7,
place = {United States},
year = {2016},
month = {6}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record
DOI: 10.1002/ecs2.1380

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Cited by: 3 works
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Forest soil respiration and its heterotrophic and autotrophic components: Global patterns and responses to temperature and precipitation
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Global spatiotemporal distribution of soil respiration modeled using a global database
journal, January 2015


A global database of soil respiration data
journal, January 2010


    Works referencing / citing this record:

    Very high resolution interpolated climate surfaces for global land areas
    journal, January 2005

    • Hijmans, Robert J.; Cameron, Susan E.; Parra, Juan L.
    • International Journal of Climatology, Vol. 25, Issue 15
    • DOI: 10.1002/joc.1276

    Potential of Multivariate Quantitative Methods for Delineation and Visualization of Ecoregions
    journal, April 2004


    Reconciling Carbon-cycle Concepts, Terminology, and Methods
    journal, November 2006


    Mapcurves: a quantitative method for comparing categorical maps
    journal, May 2006

    • Hargrove, William W.; Hoffman, Forrest M.; Hessburg, Paul F.
    • Journal of Geographical Systems, Vol. 8, Issue 2
    • DOI: 10.1007/s10109-006-0025-x

    Soil carbon sensitivity to temperature and carbon use efficiency compared across microbial-ecosystem models of varying complexity
    journal, January 2014


    Representativeness-based sampling network design for the State of Alaska
    journal, June 2013


    Partitioning the components of soil respiration: a research challenge
    journal, June 2006


    Soil carbon dynamics following afforestation of a tropical savannah with Eucalyptus in Congo
    journal, March 2009


    The production and turnover of extramatrical mycelium of ectomycorrhizal fungi in forest soils: role in carbon cycling
    journal, February 2013


    Using greenhouse gas fluxes to define soil functional types
    journal, December 2017


    Land use change effects on ecosystem carbon balance: From agricultural to hybrid poplar plantation
    journal, May 2011

    • Arevalo, Carmela B. M.; Bhatti, Jagtar S.; Chang, Scott X.
    • Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment, Vol. 141, Issue 3-4
    • DOI: 10.1016/j.agee.2011.03.013

    The sensitivity of carbon fluxes to spring warming and summer drought depends on plant functional type in boreal forest ecosystems
    journal, December 2007


    Effects of forest management on productivity and carbon sequestration: A review and hypothesis
    journal, November 2015


    Long-term controls on soil organic carbon with depth and time: A case study from the Cowlitz River Chronosequence, WA USA
    journal, June 2015


    Data clustering: 50 years beyond K-means
    journal, June 2010


    Parallel k-Means Clustering for Quantitative Ecoregion Delineation Using Large Data Sets
    journal, January 2011


    Factors controlling soil CO2 effluxes and the effects of rewetting on effluxes in adjacent deciduous, coniferous, and mixed forests in Korea
    journal, April 2010


    Forest soil respiration and its heterotrophic and autotrophic components: Global patterns and responses to temperature and precipitation
    journal, August 2010


    Considering fungal:bacterial dominance in soils – Methods, controls, and ecosystem implications
    journal, September 2010


    Hot spots, hot moments, and spatio-temporal controls on soil CO2 efflux in a water-limited ecosystem
    journal, October 2014


    Towards a more plant physiological perspective on soil ecology
    journal, October 2006


    Temperature-associated increases in the global soil respiration record
    journal, March 2010


    Persistence of soil organic matter as an ecosystem property
    journal, October 2011

    • Schmidt, Michael W. I.; Torn, Margaret S.; Abiven, Samuel
    • Nature, Vol. 478, Issue 7367
    • DOI: 10.1038/nature10386

    Global covariation of carbon turnover times with climate in terrestrial ecosystems
    journal, September 2014

    • Carvalhais, Nuno; Forkel, Matthias; Khomik, Myroslava
    • Nature, Vol. 514, Issue 7521
    • DOI: 10.1038/nature13731

    Global soil carbon projections are improved by modelling microbial processes
    journal, July 2013

    • Wieder, William R.; Bonan, Gordon B.; Allison, Steven D.
    • Nature Climate Change, Vol. 3, Issue 10
    • DOI: 10.1038/nclimate1951

    Microbes and global carbon
    journal, September 2013


    Microbes, roots and global carbon
    journal, November 2014


    Soil microbial respiration from observations and Earth System Models
    journal, September 2013


    Primary Production in Terrestrial Ecosystems
    journal, February 1968

    • Woodwell, George M.; Whittaker, Robert H.
    • American Zoologist, Vol. 8, Issue 1
    • DOI: 10.1093/icb/8.1.19

    Carbon use efficiency of microbial communities: stoichiometry, methodology and modelling
    journal, April 2013

    • Sinsabaugh, Robert L.; Manzoni, Stefano; Moorhead, Daryl L.
    • Ecology Letters, Vol. 16, Issue 7
    • DOI: 10.1111/ele.12113

    Differences in fungal and bacterial physiology alter soil carbon and nitrogen cycling: insights from meta-analysis and theoretical models
    journal, May 2013

    • Waring, Bonnie G.; Averill, Colin; Hawkes, Christine V.
    • Ecology Letters, Vol. 16, Issue 7
    • DOI: 10.1111/ele.12125

    A synthesis of methane emissions from 71 northern, temperate, and subtropical wetlands
    journal, April 2014

    • Turetsky, Merritt R.; Kotowska, Agnieszka; Bubier, Jill
    • Global Change Biology, Vol. 20, Issue 7
    • DOI: 10.1111/gcb.12580

    A big-microsite framework for soil carbon modeling
    journal, September 2014

    • Davidson, Eric A.; Savage, Kathleen E.; Finzi, Adrien C.
    • Global Change Biology, Vol. 20, Issue 12
    • DOI: 10.1111/gcb.12718

    A global relationship between the heterotrophic and autotrophic components of soil respiration?
    journal, October 2004


    TRY - a global database of plant traits: TRY - A GLOBAL DATABASE OF PLANT TRAITS
    journal, June 2011


    The Dual Arrhenius and Michaelis-Menten kinetics model for decomposition of soil organic matter at hourly to seasonal time scales
    journal, October 2011


    Ecosystem CO2 fluxes of arbuscular and ectomycorrhizal dominated vegetation types are differentially influenced by precipitation and temperature
    journal, October 2009


    Quantitative assessment of the differential impacts of arbuscular and ectomycorrhiza on soil carbon cycling
    journal, May 2015

    • Soudzilovskaia, Nadejda A.; Heijden, Marcel G. A.; Cornelissen, Johannes H. C.
    • New Phytologist, Vol. 208, Issue 1
    • DOI: 10.1111/nph.13447

    Machine learning: Trends, perspectives, and prospects
    journal, July 2015


    SoilGrids1km — Global Soil Information Based on Automated Mapping
    journal, August 2014


    Plant functional types define magnitude of drought response in peatland CO 2 exchange
    journal, January 2014

    • Kuiper, Jan J.; Mooij, Wolf M.; Bragazza, Luca
    • Ecology, Vol. 95, Issue 1
    • DOI: 10.1890/13-0270.1

    BAAD: a Biomass And Allometry Database for woody plants
    journal, May 2015

    • Falster, Daniel S.; Duursma, Remko A.; Ishihara, Masae I.
    • Ecology, Vol. 96, Issue 5
    • DOI: 10.1890/14-1889.1

    The Role of Soil Characteristics on Temperature Sensitivity of Soil Organic Matter
    journal, January 2011

    • Haddix, Michelle L.; Plante, Alain F.; Conant, Richard T.
    • Soil Science Society of America Journal, Vol. 75, Issue 1
    • DOI: 10.2136/sssaj2010.0118

    Morphological analysis of herbaceous communities under different grazing regimes
    journal, October 1992

    • Díaz, S.; Acosta, A.; Cabido, M.
    • Journal of Vegetation Science, Vol. 3, Issue 5
    • DOI: 10.2307/3235837

    Plant functional types as predictors of transient responses of arctic vegetation to global change
    journal, June 1996

    • Chapin, F. Stuart; Bret-Harte, M. Syndonia; Hobbie, Sarah E.
    • Journal of Vegetation Science, Vol. 7, Issue 3
    • DOI: 10.2307/3236278

    Environmental and Human Controls of Ecosystem Functional Diversity in Temperate South America
    journal, January 2013

    • Alcaraz-Segura, Domingo; Paruelo, José; Epstein, Howard
    • Remote Sensing, Vol. 5, Issue 1
    • DOI: 10.3390/rs5010127

    Primary Production in Flowing Waters1
    journal, April 1956


    Interannual variability in global biomass burning emissions from 1997 to 2004
    journal, January 2006

    • van der Werf, G. R.; Randerson, J. T.; Giglio, L.
    • Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, Vol. 6, Issue 11
    • DOI: 10.5194/acp-6-3423-2006

    Global spatiotemporal distribution of soil respiration modeled using a global database
    journal, January 2015


    A global database of soil respiration data
    journal, January 2010


    Taking off the training wheels: the properties of a dynamic vegetation model without climate envelopes
    journal, January 2015

    • Fisher, R. A.; Muszala, S.; Verteinstein, M.
    • Geoscientific Model Development Discussions, Vol. 8, Issue 4
    • DOI: 10.5194/gmdd-8-3293-2015

    Optimizing an Environmental Observatory Network Design Using Publicly Available Data
    journal, July 2019

    • Villarreal, Samuel; Guevara, Mario; Alcaraz‐Segura, Domingo
    • Journal of Geophysical Research: Biogeosciences, Vol. 124, Issue 7
    • DOI: 10.1029/2018jg004714

    Using greenhouse gas fluxes to define soil functional types
    journal, December 2017


    Optimizing an Environmental Observatory Network Design Using Publicly Available Data
    journal, July 2019

    • Villarreal, Samuel; Guevara, Mario; Alcaraz‐Segura, Domingo
    • Journal of Geophysical Research: Biogeosciences, Vol. 124, Issue 7
    • DOI: 10.1029/2018jg004714