skip to main content
DOE PAGES title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: Discovery and spectroscopy of the young Jovian planet 51 Eri b with the Gemini Planet Imager

Abstract

Directly detecting thermal emission from young extrasolar planets allows measurement of their atmospheric compositions and luminosities, which are influenced by their formation mechanisms. Using the Gemini Planet Imager, we discovered a planet orbiting the ~20-million-year-old star 51 Eridani at a projected separation of 13 astronomical units. Near-infrared observations show a spectrum with strong methane and water-vapor absorption. Modeling of the spectra and photometry yields a luminosity (normalized by the luminosity of the Sun) of 1.6 to 4.0 × 10 –6 and an effective temperature of 600 to 750 kelvin. For this age and luminosity, “hot-start” formation models indicate a mass twice that of Jupiter. As a result, this planet also has a sufficiently low luminosity to be consistent with the “cold-start” core-accretion process that may have formed Jupiter.

Authors:
 [1];  [2];  [3];  [2];  [4];  [5];  [6];  [7];  [8];  [9];  [10];  [11];  [2];  [9];  [12];  [13];  [10];  [2];  [14];  [15] more »;  [16];  [17];  [18];  [8];  [2];  [19];  [2];  [2];  [10];  [20];  [21];  [13];  [22];  [13];  [23];  [24];  [20];  [25];  [26];  [27];  [28];  [29];  [13];  [30];  [20];  [31];  [10];  [13];  [29];  [24];  [8];  [19];  [14];  [20];  [24];  [32];  [19];  [2];  [24];  [3];  [33];  [34];  [12];  [35];  [8];  [12];  [18];  [27];  [36];  [37];  [24];  [38];  [37];  [39];  [40];  [2];  [41];  [42];  [8];  [29];  [8];  [30];  [43];  [43];  [9];  [24];  [26];  [13] « less
  1. Stanford Univ., Stanford, CA (United States); Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States)
  2. Univ. of California, Berkeley, CA (United States)
  3. Univ. of Arizona, Tucson, AZ (United States)
  4. Univ. of California, San Diego, CA (United States)
  5. NASA Ames Research Center, Moffett Field, CA (United States)
  6. National Research Council of Canada, Herzberg Institute of Astrophysics, Victoria, BC (Canada); Univ. of Victoria, Victoria, BC (Canada)
  7. Search for Extraterrestrial Intelligence Institute, Mountain View, CA (United States); Stanford Univ., Stanford, CA (United States)
  8. Space Telescope Science Institute, Baltimore, MD (United States)
  9. Arizona State Univ., Tempe, AZ (United States)
  10. Univ. de Montreal, Montreal, QC (Canada)
  11. Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)
  12. Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States)
  13. Univ. of California, Los Angeles, CA (United States)
  14. Search for Extraterrestrial Intelligence Institute, Mountain View, CA (United States)
  15. The Univ. of Western Ontario, London, ON (Canada)
  16. Arizona State Univ., Tempe, AZ (United States); Subaru Telescope, Hilo, HI (United States)
  17. NASA Ames Research Center, Moffett Field, CA (United States); Univ. of Herfordshire, Hatfield (United Kingdom)
  18. Princeton Univ., Princeton, NJ (United States)
  19. Univ. of Toronto, Toronto, ON (Canada)
  20. Univ. of Victoria, Victoria, BC (Canada); National Research Council of Canada, Herzberg Institute of Astrophysics, Victoria, BC (Canada)
  21. Univ. of California, Berkeley, CA (United States); Univ. Grenoble Alpes, Grenoble (France)
  22. Univ. of Chicago, Chicago, IL (United States)
  23. Stanford Univ., Stanford, CA (United States)
  24. Univ. of California, Santa Cruz, CA (United States)
  25. Durham Univ., Durham (United Kingdom); Gemini Observatory, La Serena (Chile)
  26. Johns Hopkins Univ., Baltimore, MD (United States); Space Telescope Science Institute, Baltimore, MD (United States)
  27. Gemini Observatory, La Serena (Chile)
  28. Univ. of Exeter, Exeter (United Kingdom)
  29. Univ. of Georgia, Athens, GA (United States)
  30. Large Synoptic Survey Telescope, Tucson, AZ (United States)
  31. Univ. of California, Berkeley, CA (United States); Search for Extraterrestrial Intelligence Institute, Mountain View, CA (United States)
  32. The Univ. of Western Ontario, London, ON (Canada); Stony Brook Univ., Stony Brook, NY (United States)
  33. Univ. of California, Santa Barbara, CA (United States)
  34. American Museum of Natural History, New York, NY (United States)
  35. Stony Brook Univ., Stony Brook, NY (United States)
  36. College of Staten Island, City Univ. of New York, Staten Island, NY (United States); American Museum of Natural History, New York, NY (United States)
  37. Univ. de Chile, Santiago (Chile)
  38. Stanford Univ., Stanford, CA (United States); Search for Extraterrestrial Intelligence Institute, Mountain View, CA (United States)
  39. Univ. Space Research Assoc., NASA/Armstrong Flight Research Center, Palmdale, CA (United States); Gemini Observatory, La Serena (Chile)
  40. National Research Council of Canada, Herzberg Institute of Astrophysics, Victoria, BC (Canada)
  41. Cornell Univ., Ithaca, NY (United States)
  42. Univ. of Toledo, Toledo, OH (United States)
  43. California Inst. of Technology (CalTech), Pasadena, CA (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1258658
Report Number(s):
LA-UR-15-24933
Journal ID: ISSN 0036-8075
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC52-06NA25396
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Science
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 350; Journal Issue: 6256; Journal ID: ISSN 0036-8075
Publisher:
AAAS
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
79 ASTRONOMY AND ASTROPHYSICS

Citation Formats

Macintosh, B., Graham, J. R., Barman, T., De Rosa, R. J., Konopacky, Q., Marley, M. S., Marois, C., Nielsen, E. L., Pueyo, L., Rajan, A., Rameau, J., Saumon, D., Wang, J. J., Patience, J., Ammons, M., Arriaga, P., Artigau, E., Beckwith, S., Brewster, J., Bruzzone, S., Bulger, J., Burningham, B., Burrows, A. S., Chen, C., Chiang, E., Chilcote, J. K., Dawson, R. I., Dong, R., Doyon, R., Draper, Z. H., Duchene, G., Esposito, T. M., Fabrycky, D., Fitzgerald, M. P., Follette, K. B., Fortney, J. J., Gerard, B., Goodsell, S., Greenbaum, A. Z., Hibon, P., Hinkley, S., Cotten, T. H., Hung, L. -W., Ingraham, P., Johnson-Groh, M., Kalas, P., Lafreniere, D., Larkin, J. E., Lee, J., Line, M., Long, D., Maire, J., Marchis, F., Matthews, B. C., Max, C. E., Metchev, S., Millar-Blanchaer, M. A., Mittal, T., Morley, C. V., Morzinski, K. M., Murray-Clay, R., Oppenheimer, R., Palmer, D. W., Patel, R., Perrin, M. D., Poyneer, L. A., Rafikov, R. R., Rantakyro, F. T., Rice, E. L., Rojo, P., Rudy, A. R., Ruffio, J. -B., Ruiz, M. T., Sadakuni, N., Saddlemyer, L., Salama, M., Savransky, D., Schneider, A. C., Sivaramakrishnan, A., Song, I., Soummer, R., Thomas, S., Vasisht, G., Wallace, J. K., Ward-Duong, K., Wiktorowicz, S. J., Wolff, S. G., and Zuckerman, B. Discovery and spectroscopy of the young Jovian planet 51 Eri b with the Gemini Planet Imager. United States: N. p., 2015. Web. doi:10.1126/science.aac5891.
Macintosh, B., Graham, J. R., Barman, T., De Rosa, R. J., Konopacky, Q., Marley, M. S., Marois, C., Nielsen, E. L., Pueyo, L., Rajan, A., Rameau, J., Saumon, D., Wang, J. J., Patience, J., Ammons, M., Arriaga, P., Artigau, E., Beckwith, S., Brewster, J., Bruzzone, S., Bulger, J., Burningham, B., Burrows, A. S., Chen, C., Chiang, E., Chilcote, J. K., Dawson, R. I., Dong, R., Doyon, R., Draper, Z. H., Duchene, G., Esposito, T. M., Fabrycky, D., Fitzgerald, M. P., Follette, K. B., Fortney, J. J., Gerard, B., Goodsell, S., Greenbaum, A. Z., Hibon, P., Hinkley, S., Cotten, T. H., Hung, L. -W., Ingraham, P., Johnson-Groh, M., Kalas, P., Lafreniere, D., Larkin, J. E., Lee, J., Line, M., Long, D., Maire, J., Marchis, F., Matthews, B. C., Max, C. E., Metchev, S., Millar-Blanchaer, M. A., Mittal, T., Morley, C. V., Morzinski, K. M., Murray-Clay, R., Oppenheimer, R., Palmer, D. W., Patel, R., Perrin, M. D., Poyneer, L. A., Rafikov, R. R., Rantakyro, F. T., Rice, E. L., Rojo, P., Rudy, A. R., Ruffio, J. -B., Ruiz, M. T., Sadakuni, N., Saddlemyer, L., Salama, M., Savransky, D., Schneider, A. C., Sivaramakrishnan, A., Song, I., Soummer, R., Thomas, S., Vasisht, G., Wallace, J. K., Ward-Duong, K., Wiktorowicz, S. J., Wolff, S. G., & Zuckerman, B. Discovery and spectroscopy of the young Jovian planet 51 Eri b with the Gemini Planet Imager. United States. doi:10.1126/science.aac5891.
Macintosh, B., Graham, J. R., Barman, T., De Rosa, R. J., Konopacky, Q., Marley, M. S., Marois, C., Nielsen, E. L., Pueyo, L., Rajan, A., Rameau, J., Saumon, D., Wang, J. J., Patience, J., Ammons, M., Arriaga, P., Artigau, E., Beckwith, S., Brewster, J., Bruzzone, S., Bulger, J., Burningham, B., Burrows, A. S., Chen, C., Chiang, E., Chilcote, J. K., Dawson, R. I., Dong, R., Doyon, R., Draper, Z. H., Duchene, G., Esposito, T. M., Fabrycky, D., Fitzgerald, M. P., Follette, K. B., Fortney, J. J., Gerard, B., Goodsell, S., Greenbaum, A. Z., Hibon, P., Hinkley, S., Cotten, T. H., Hung, L. -W., Ingraham, P., Johnson-Groh, M., Kalas, P., Lafreniere, D., Larkin, J. E., Lee, J., Line, M., Long, D., Maire, J., Marchis, F., Matthews, B. C., Max, C. E., Metchev, S., Millar-Blanchaer, M. A., Mittal, T., Morley, C. V., Morzinski, K. M., Murray-Clay, R., Oppenheimer, R., Palmer, D. W., Patel, R., Perrin, M. D., Poyneer, L. A., Rafikov, R. R., Rantakyro, F. T., Rice, E. L., Rojo, P., Rudy, A. R., Ruffio, J. -B., Ruiz, M. T., Sadakuni, N., Saddlemyer, L., Salama, M., Savransky, D., Schneider, A. C., Sivaramakrishnan, A., Song, I., Soummer, R., Thomas, S., Vasisht, G., Wallace, J. K., Ward-Duong, K., Wiktorowicz, S. J., Wolff, S. G., and Zuckerman, B. Fri . "Discovery and spectroscopy of the young Jovian planet 51 Eri b with the Gemini Planet Imager". United States. doi:10.1126/science.aac5891. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1258658.
@article{osti_1258658,
title = {Discovery and spectroscopy of the young Jovian planet 51 Eri b with the Gemini Planet Imager},
author = {Macintosh, B. and Graham, J. R. and Barman, T. and De Rosa, R. J. and Konopacky, Q. and Marley, M. S. and Marois, C. and Nielsen, E. L. and Pueyo, L. and Rajan, A. and Rameau, J. and Saumon, D. and Wang, J. J. and Patience, J. and Ammons, M. and Arriaga, P. and Artigau, E. and Beckwith, S. and Brewster, J. and Bruzzone, S. and Bulger, J. and Burningham, B. and Burrows, A. S. and Chen, C. and Chiang, E. and Chilcote, J. K. and Dawson, R. I. and Dong, R. and Doyon, R. and Draper, Z. H. and Duchene, G. and Esposito, T. M. and Fabrycky, D. and Fitzgerald, M. P. and Follette, K. B. and Fortney, J. J. and Gerard, B. and Goodsell, S. and Greenbaum, A. Z. and Hibon, P. and Hinkley, S. and Cotten, T. H. and Hung, L. -W. and Ingraham, P. and Johnson-Groh, M. and Kalas, P. and Lafreniere, D. and Larkin, J. E. and Lee, J. and Line, M. and Long, D. and Maire, J. and Marchis, F. and Matthews, B. C. and Max, C. E. and Metchev, S. and Millar-Blanchaer, M. A. and Mittal, T. and Morley, C. V. and Morzinski, K. M. and Murray-Clay, R. and Oppenheimer, R. and Palmer, D. W. and Patel, R. and Perrin, M. D. and Poyneer, L. A. and Rafikov, R. R. and Rantakyro, F. T. and Rice, E. L. and Rojo, P. and Rudy, A. R. and Ruffio, J. -B. and Ruiz, M. T. and Sadakuni, N. and Saddlemyer, L. and Salama, M. and Savransky, D. and Schneider, A. C. and Sivaramakrishnan, A. and Song, I. and Soummer, R. and Thomas, S. and Vasisht, G. and Wallace, J. K. and Ward-Duong, K. and Wiktorowicz, S. J. and Wolff, S. G. and Zuckerman, B.},
abstractNote = {Directly detecting thermal emission from young extrasolar planets allows measurement of their atmospheric compositions and luminosities, which are influenced by their formation mechanisms. Using the Gemini Planet Imager, we discovered a planet orbiting the ~20-million-year-old star 51 Eridani at a projected separation of 13 astronomical units. Near-infrared observations show a spectrum with strong methane and water-vapor absorption. Modeling of the spectra and photometry yields a luminosity (normalized by the luminosity of the Sun) of 1.6 to 4.0 × 10–6 and an effective temperature of 600 to 750 kelvin. For this age and luminosity, “hot-start” formation models indicate a mass twice that of Jupiter. As a result, this planet also has a sufficiently low luminosity to be consistent with the “cold-start” core-accretion process that may have formed Jupiter.},
doi = {10.1126/science.aac5891},
journal = {Science},
number = 6256,
volume = 350,
place = {United States},
year = {2015},
month = {10}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record

Citation Metrics:
Cited by: 119 works
Citation information provided by
Web of Science

Save / Share:

Works referenced in this record:

Direct Imaging of Multiple Planets Orbiting the Star HR 8799
journal, November 2008


Optical Images of an Exosolar Planet 25 Light-Years from Earth
journal, November 2008


A Giant Planet Imaged in the Disk of the Young Star   Pictoris
journal, June 2010


Direct Imaging of a cold Jovian Exoplanet in Orbit Around the Sun-Like star gj 504
journal, August 2013


DIRECT IMAGING DISCOVERY OF A “SUPER-JUPITER” AROUND THE LATE B-TYPE STAR κ And
journal, January 2013


Discovery of a Probable 4-5 Jupiter-Mass Exoplanet to hd 95086 by Direct Imaging
journal, July 2013


HD 106906 b: A PLANETARY-MASS COMPANION OUTSIDE A MASSIVE DEBRIS DISK
journal, December 2013


Direct Imaging and Spectroscopy of a Planetary-Mass Candidate Companion to a Young Solar Analog
journal, November 2008

  • Lafrenière, David; Jayawardhana, Ray; van Kerkwijk, Marten H.
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 689, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1086/595870

DIRECT IMAGING DETECTION OF METHANE IN THE ATMOSPHERE OF GJ 504 b
journal, October 2013

  • Janson, Markus; Brandt, Timothy D.; Kuzuhara, Masayuki
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 778, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1088/2041-8205/778/1/L4

Discovery of a wide Planetary-Mass Companion to the Young m3 star gu psc
journal, April 2014

  • Naud, Marie-Eve; Artigau, Étienne; Malo, Lison
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 787, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1088/0004-637X/787/1/5

CLOUDS AND CHEMISTRY IN THE ATMOSPHERE OF EXTRASOLAR PLANET HR8799b
journal, May 2011

  • Barman, Travis S.; Macintosh, Bruce; Konopacky, Quinn M.
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 733, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1088/0004-637X/733/1/65

DIRECTLY IMAGED L-T TRANSITION EXOPLANETS IN THE MID-INFRARED ,
journal, August 2014

  • Skemer, Andrew J.; Marley, Mark S.; Hinz, Philip M.
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 792, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1088/0004-637X/792/1/17

Masses, Radii, and Cloud Properties of the hr 8799 Planets
journal, July 2012


Model Atmospheres for Massive gas Giants with Thick Clouds: Application to the hr 8799 Planets and Predictions for Future Detections
journal, July 2011


On the Luminosity of Young Jupiters
journal, January 2007

  • Marley, Mark S.; Fortney, Jonathan J.; Hubickyj, Olenka
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 655, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1086/509759

Spectral and Photometric Diagnostics of Giant Planet Formation Scenarios
journal, January 2012


Atmospheres of Protoplanetary Cores: Critical Mass for Nucleated Instability
journal, September 2006

  • Rafikov, Roman R.
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 648, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1086/505695

The Runts of the Litter: why Planets Formed Through Gravitational Instability can only be Failed Binary Stars
journal, January 2010

  • Kratter, Kaitlin M.; Murray-Clay, Ruth A.; Youdin, Andrew N.
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 710, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1088/0004-637X/710/2/1375

Project 1640: the world's first ExAO coronagraphic hyperspectral imager for comparative planetary science
conference, September 2012

  • Oppenheimer, Ben R.; Beichman, Charles; Brenner, Douglas
  • SPIE Astronomical Telescopes + Instrumentation, SPIE Proceedings
  • DOI: 10.1117/12.926419

First light of the Gemini Planet Imager
journal, May 2014

  • Macintosh, B.; Graham, J. R.; Ingraham, P.
  • Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, Vol. 111, Issue 35
  • DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1304215111

A SENSITIVE IDENTIFICATION OF WARM DEBRIS DISKS IN THE SOLAR NEIGHBORHOOD THROUGH PRECISE CALIBRATION OF SATURATED WISE PHOTOMETRY
journal, April 2014

  • Patel, Rahul I.; Metchev, Stanimir A.; Heinze, Aren
  • The Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series, Vol. 212, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1088/0067-0049/212/1/10

Gas and dust in the beta Pictoris moving group as seen by the Herschel Space Observatory
journal, May 2014


Orbital Monitoring of the Astralux Large M-Dwarf Multiplicity Sample
journal, September 2014

  • Janson, Markus; Bergfors, Carolina; Brandner, Wolfgang
  • The Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series, Vol. 214, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1088/0067-0049/214/2/17

The β Pictoris Moving Group
journal, November 2001

  • Zuckerman, B.; Song, Inseok; Bessell, M. S.
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 562, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1086/337968

Measured Diameters of two f Stars in the β pic Moving Group
journal, December 2011


A lithium depletion boundary age of 21 Myr for the Beta Pictoris moving group
journal, November 2013

  • Binks, A. S.; Jeffries, R. D.
  • Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society: Letters, Vol. 438, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1093/mnrasl/slt141

On the age of the β Pictoris moving group
journal, October 2014

  • Mamajek, Eric E.; Bell, Cameron P. M.
  • Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Vol. 445, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1093/mnras/stu1894

The Moving Group Targets of the Seeds High-Contrast Imaging Survey of Exoplanets and Disks: Results and Observations from the First Three Years
journal, April 2014

  • Brandt, Timothy D.; Kuzuhara, Masayuki; McElwain, Michael W.
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 786, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1088/0004-637X/786/1/1

Giant planet companion to 2MASSW J1207334-393254
journal, July 2005


Further Defining Spectral type “y” and Exploring the Low-Mass end of the Field Brown Dwarf mass Function
journal, June 2012

  • Davy Kirkpatrick, J.; Gelino, Christopher R.; Cushing, Michael C.
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 753, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1088/0004-637X/753/2/156

The Evolution of L and T Dwarfs in Color‐Magnitude Diagrams
journal, December 2008

  • Saumon, D.; Marley, Mark S.
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 689, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1086/592734

Stability of the Directly Imaged Multiplanet System hr 8799: Resonance and Masses
journal, January 2010


THE FIRST H -BAND SPECTRUM OF THE GIANT PLANET β PICTORIS b
journal, December 2014

  • Chilcote, Jeffrey; Barman, Travis; Fitzgerald, Michael P.
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 798, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1088/2041-8205/798/1/L3

DEEP THERMAL INFRARED IMAGING OF HR 8799 bcde: NEW ATMOSPHERIC CONSTRAINTS AND LIMITS ON A FIFTH PLANET
journal, October 2014


Shrinking Binary and Planetary Orbits by Kozai Cycles with Tidal Friction
journal, November 2007

  • Fabrycky, Daniel; Tremaine, Scott
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 669, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1086/521702

Formation of the Giant Planets by Concurrent Accretion of Solids and Gas
journal, November 1996

  • Pollack, James B.; Hubickyj, Olenka; Bodenheimer, Peter
  • Icarus, Vol. 124, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1006/icar.1996.0190

Models of giant planet formation with migration and disc evolution
journal, April 2005


Rapid growth of gas-giant cores by pebble accretion
journal, July 2012


Validation of the new Hipparcos reduction
journal, August 2007


Observation and modelling of main-sequence star chromospheres - XIX. FIES and FEROS observations of dM1 stars: FIES and FEROS observations of dM1 stars
journal, October 2012

  • Houdebine, E. R.; Butler, C. J.; Garcia-Alvarez, D.
  • Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Vol. 426, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2966.2012.21787.x

The Gemini Planet Imager: from science to design to construction
conference, July 2008

  • Macintosh, Bruce A.; Graham, James R.; Palmer, David W.
  • SPIE Astronomical Telescopes + Instrumentation, SPIE Proceedings
  • DOI: 10.1117/12.788083

Performance of the integral field spectrograph for the Gemini Planet Imager
conference, September 2012

  • Chilcote, Jeffrey K.; Larkin, James E.; Maire, Jérôme
  • SPIE Astronomical Telescopes + Instrumentation, SPIE Proceedings
  • DOI: 10.1117/12.925790

51 Eridani and GJ 3305: A 10-15 Myr old Binary Star System at 30 Parsecs
journal, March 2006

  • Feigelson, E. D.; Lawson, W. A.; Stark, M.
  • The Astronomical Journal, Vol. 131, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1086/499923

The Occurrence of Wide-Orbit Planets in Binary star Systems
journal, August 2014


The Relation between Rotational Velocities and Spectral Peculiarities among A-Type Stars
journal, July 1995

  • Abt, Helmut A.; Morrell, Nidia I.
  • The Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series, Vol. 99
  • DOI: 10.1086/192182

Lucky Imaging survey for southern M dwarf binaries
journal, September 2010


The Astralux Large M-Dwarf Multiplicity Survey
journal, July 2012


High-resolution imaging of young M-type stars of the solar neighbourhood: probing for companions down to the mass of Jupiter
journal, February 2012


Young Stars Near the Sun
journal, September 2004


Pulkovo Compilation of Radial Velocities for 35 495 Hipparcos stars in a common system
journal, November 2006


ESI, a New Keck Observatory Echellette Spectrograph and Imager
journal, August 2002

  • Sheinis, A. I.; Bolte, M.; Epps, H. W.
  • Publications of the Astronomical Society of the Pacific, Vol. 114, Issue 798
  • DOI: 10.1086/341706

Radial Velocities for 889 Late‐Type Stars
journal, August 2002

  • Nidever, David L.; Marcy, Geoffrey W.; Butler, R. Paul
  • The Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series, Vol. 141, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1086/340570

Banyan. ii. very low mass and Substellar Candidate Members to Nearby, Young Kinematic Groups with Previously Known Signs of Youth
journal, February 2014


Precise Infrared Radial Velocities from Keck/Nirspec and the Search for Young Planets
journal, March 2012

  • Bailey, John I.; White, Russel J.; Blake, Cullen H.
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 749, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1088/0004-637X/749/1/16

Angular Differential Imaging: A Powerful High‐Contrast Imaging Technique
journal, April 2006

  • Marois, Christian; Lafreniere, David; Doyon, Rene
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 641, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1086/500401

Gemini Planet Imager observational calibrations I: Overview of the GPI data reduction pipeline
conference, July 2014

  • Perrin, Marshall D.; Maire, Jérôme; Ingraham, Patrick
  • SPIE Astronomical Telescopes + Instrumentation, SPIE Proceedings
  • DOI: 10.1117/12.2055246

Improving Galactic Center Astrometry by Reducing the Effects of Geometric Distortion
journal, November 2010


Speckle Noise and the Detection of Faint Companions
journal, May 1999

  • Racine, René; Walker, Gordon A. H.; Nadeau, Daniel
  • Publications of the Astronomical Society of the Pacific, Vol. 111, Issue 759
  • DOI: 10.1086/316367

Differential imaging coronagraph for the detection of faint companions
conference, August 2000

  • Marois, Christian; Doyon, Rene; Racine, Rene
  • Astronomical Telescopes and Instrumentation, SPIE Proceedings
  • DOI: 10.1117/12.395537

Detection and Characterization of Exoplanets and Disks Using Projections on Karhunen-LoÈVe Eigenimages
journal, August 2012


pynpoint : an image processing package for finding exoplanets
journal, November 2012


Orbital characterization of the β Pictoris b giant planet
journal, June 2012


A New Algorithm for Point‐Spread Function Subtraction in High‐Contrast Imaging: A Demonstration with Angular Differential Imaging
journal, May 2007

  • Lafreniere, David; Marois, Christian; Doyon, Rene
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 660, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1086/513180

Reconnaissance of the hr 8799 Exosolar System. ii. Astrometry and Orbital Motion
journal, April 2015


GPI PSF subtraction with TLOCI: the next evolution in exoplanet/disk high-contrast imaging
conference, July 2014

  • Marois, Christian; Correia, Carlos; Galicher, Raphael
  • SPIE Astronomical Telescopes + Instrumentation, SPIE Proceedings
  • DOI: 10.1117/12.2055245

Exoplanet imaging with LOCI processing: photometry and astrometry with the new SOSIE pipeline
conference, July 2010

  • Marois, Christian; Macintosh, Bruce; Véran, Jean-Pierre
  • SPIE Astronomical Telescopes + Instrumentation, SPIE Proceedings
  • DOI: 10.1117/12.857225

Fundamental Limitations of high Contrast Imaging set by Small Sample Statistics
journal, August 2014


Gemini planet imager observational calibrations VI: photometric and spectroscopic calibration for the integral field spectrograph
conference, July 2014

  • Maire, Jérôme; Ingraham, Patrick J.; De Rosa, Rob J.
  • SPIE Astronomical Telescopes + Instrumentation, SPIE Proceedings
  • DOI: 10.1117/12.2056732

Gemini planet imager observational calibrations V: astrometry and distortion
conference, July 2014

  • Konopacky, Quinn M.; Thomas, Sandrine J.; Macintosh, Bruce A.
  • SPIE Astronomical Telescopes + Instrumentation, SPIE Proceedings
  • DOI: 10.1117/12.2056646

A Stellar Spectral Flux Library: 1150–25000 Å
journal, July 1998

  • Pickles, A. J. 
  • Publications of the Astronomical Society of the Pacific, Vol. 110, Issue 749
  • DOI: 10.1086/316197

The 0.12-2.5 micron Absolute Flux Distribution of the Sun for Comparison With Solar Analog Stars
journal, July 1996

  • Colina, Luis; Bohlin, Ralph C.; Castelli, Fiorella
  • The Astronomical Journal, Vol. 112
  • DOI: 10.1086/118016

THE 0.8-14.5 μm SPECTRA OF MID-L TO MID-T DWARFS: DIAGNOSTICS OF EFFECTIVE TEMPERATURE, GRAIN SEDIMENTATION, GAS TRANSPORT, AND SURFACE GRAVITY
journal, August 2009


Clouds and Chemistry: Ultracool Dwarf Atmospheric Properties from Optical and Infrared Colors
journal, March 2002

  • Marley, Mark S.; Seager, S.; Saumon, D.
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 568, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1086/338800

L ′ and M ′ Photometry of Ultracool Dwarfs
journal, June 2004

  • Golimowski, D. A.; Leggett, S. K.; Marley, M. S.
  • The Astronomical Journal, Vol. 127, Issue 6
  • DOI: 10.1086/420709

Neglected Clouds in t and y Dwarf Atmospheres
journal, August 2012

  • Morley, Caroline V.; Fortney, Jonathan J.; Marley, Mark S.
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 756, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1088/0004-637X/756/2/172

Ammonia as a Tracer of Chemical Equilibrium in the T7.5 Dwarf Gliese 570D
journal, August 2006

  • Saumon, D.; Marley, M. S.; Cushing, M. C.
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 647, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1086/505419

Methane, Carbon Monoxide, and Ammonia in Brown Dwarfs and Self-Luminous Giant Planets
journal, November 2014


L and T Dwarf Models and the L to T Transition
journal, April 2006

  • Burrows, Adam; Sudarsky, David; Hubeny, Ivan
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 640, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1086/500293

The ultracool-field dwarf luminosity-function and space density from the Canada-France Brown Dwarf Survey
journal, November 2010


76 T dwarfs from the UKIDSS LAS: benchmarks, kinematics and an updated space density
journal, June 2013

  • Burningham, Ben; Cardoso, C. V.; Smith, L.
  • Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Vol. 433, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1093/mnras/stt740

    Works referencing / citing this record:

    Discovery of a warm, dusty giant planet around HIP 65426
    journal, September 2017


    Evolutionary models of cold and low-mass planets: cooling curves, magnitudes, and detectability
    journal, March 2019


    Reaching the boundary between stellar kinematic groups and very wide binaries: III. Sixteen new stars and eight new wide systems in the
    journal, October 2015


    Orbiting a binary: SPHERE characterisation of the HD 284149 system⋆
    journal, December 2017


    Spectral and atmospheric characterization of 51 Eridani b using VLT/SPHERE
    journal, July 2017