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Title: Spreading of lithium on a stainless steel surface at room temperature

Lithium conditioned plasma facing surfaces have lowered recycling and enhanced plasma performance on many fusion devices and liquid lithium plasma facing components are under consideration for future machines. A key factor in the performance of liquid lithium components is the wetting by lithium of its container. We have observed the surface spreading of lithium from a mm-scale particle to adjacent stainless steel surfaces using a scanning Auger microprobe that has elemental discrimination. Here, the spreading of lithium occurred at room temperature (when lithium is a solid) from one location at a speed of 0.62 μm/day under ultrahigh vacuum conditions. Separate experiments using temperature programmed desorption (TPD) investigated bonding energetics between monolayer-scale films of lithium and stainless steel. While multilayer lithium desorption from stainless steel begins to occur just above 500 K (E des = 1.54 eV), sub-monolayer Li desorption occurred in a TPD peak at 942 K (E des = 2.52 eV) indicating more energetically favorable lithium-stainless steel bonding (in the absence of an oxidation layer) than lithium lithium bonding.
 [1] ; ORCiD logo [1] ;  [2] ;  [2]
  1. Princeton Plasma Physics Lab. (PPPL), Princeton, NJ (United States)
  2. Princeton Univ., Princeton, NJ (United States). Dept. of Chemical and Biological Engineering
Publication Date:
Report Number(s):
Journal ID: ISSN 0022-3115; PII: S0022311515303056
Grant/Contract Number:
AC02-09CH11466; SC0008598; DE AC02-09CH11466
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Journal of Nuclear Materials
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 468; Journal Issue: C; Journal ID: ISSN 0022-3115
Research Org:
Princeton Plasma Physics Lab. (PPPL), Princeton, NJ (United States); Princeton Univ., NJ (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Fusion Energy Sciences (FES) (SC-24)
Country of Publication:
United States
70 PLASMA PHYSICS AND FUSION TECHNOLOGY; plasma-materials interaction; lithium; surface effects; redeposition; stainless steel; surface analysis
OSTI Identifier:
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1392275; OSTI ID: 1396694