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Title: Spreading of lithium on a stainless steel surface at room temperature

Abstract

Lithium conditioned plasma facing surfaces have lowered recycling and enhanced plasma performance on many fusion devices and liquid lithium plasma facing components are under consideration for future machines. A key factor in the performance of liquid lithium components is the wetting by lithium of its container. We have observed the surface spreading of lithium from a mm-scale particle to adjacent stainless steel surfaces using a scanning Auger microprobe that has elemental discrimination. Here, the spreading of lithium occurred at room temperature (when lithium is a solid) from one location at a speed of 0.62 μm/day under ultrahigh vacuum conditions. Separate experiments using temperature programmed desorption (TPD) investigated bonding energetics between monolayer-scale films of lithium and stainless steel. While multilayer lithium desorption from stainless steel begins to occur just above 500 K (E des = 1.54 eV), sub-monolayer Li desorption occurred in a TPD peak at 942 K (E des = 2.52 eV) indicating more energetically favorable lithium-stainless steel bonding (in the absence of an oxidation layer) than lithium lithium bonding.

Authors:
 [1]; ORCiD logo [1];  [2];  [2]
  1. Princeton Plasma Physics Lab. (PPPL), Princeton, NJ (United States)
  2. Princeton Univ., Princeton, NJ (United States). Dept. of Chemical and Biological Engineering
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Princeton Plasma Physics Lab. (PPPL), Princeton, NJ (United States); Princeton Univ., NJ (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Fusion Energy Sciences (FES) (SC-24)
OSTI Identifier:
1256392
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1392275; OSTI ID: 1396694
Report Number(s):
PPPL-5216
Journal ID: ISSN 0022-3115; PII: S0022311515303056
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC02-09CH11466; SC0008598; DE AC02-09CH11466
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Journal of Nuclear Materials
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 468; Journal Issue: C; Journal ID: ISSN 0022-3115
Publisher:
Elsevier
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
70 PLASMA PHYSICS AND FUSION TECHNOLOGY; plasma-materials interaction; lithium; surface effects; redeposition; stainless steel; surface analysis

Citation Formats

Skinner, C. H., Capece, A. M., Roszell, J. P., and Koel, B. E. Spreading of lithium on a stainless steel surface at room temperature. United States: N. p., 2015. Web. doi:10.1016/j.jnucmat.2015.10.059.
Skinner, C. H., Capece, A. M., Roszell, J. P., & Koel, B. E. Spreading of lithium on a stainless steel surface at room temperature. United States. doi:10.1016/j.jnucmat.2015.10.059.
Skinner, C. H., Capece, A. M., Roszell, J. P., and Koel, B. E. Tue . "Spreading of lithium on a stainless steel surface at room temperature". United States. doi:10.1016/j.jnucmat.2015.10.059. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1256392.
@article{osti_1256392,
title = {Spreading of lithium on a stainless steel surface at room temperature},
author = {Skinner, C. H. and Capece, A. M. and Roszell, J. P. and Koel, B. E.},
abstractNote = {Lithium conditioned plasma facing surfaces have lowered recycling and enhanced plasma performance on many fusion devices and liquid lithium plasma facing components are under consideration for future machines. A key factor in the performance of liquid lithium components is the wetting by lithium of its container. We have observed the surface spreading of lithium from a mm-scale particle to adjacent stainless steel surfaces using a scanning Auger microprobe that has elemental discrimination. Here, the spreading of lithium occurred at room temperature (when lithium is a solid) from one location at a speed of 0.62 μm/day under ultrahigh vacuum conditions. Separate experiments using temperature programmed desorption (TPD) investigated bonding energetics between monolayer-scale films of lithium and stainless steel. While multilayer lithium desorption from stainless steel begins to occur just above 500 K (Edes = 1.54 eV), sub-monolayer Li desorption occurred in a TPD peak at 942 K (Edes = 2.52 eV) indicating more energetically favorable lithium-stainless steel bonding (in the absence of an oxidation layer) than lithium lithium bonding.},
doi = {10.1016/j.jnucmat.2015.10.059},
journal = {Journal of Nuclear Materials},
number = C,
volume = 468,
place = {United States},
year = {2015},
month = {11}
}

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