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Title: High-scale axions without isocurvature from inflationary dynamics

Abstract

Observable primordial tensor modes in the cosmic microwave background (CMB) would point to a high scale of inflation HI. If the scale of Peccei-Quinn (PQ) breaking fa is greater than HI/2π, CMB constraints on isocurvature naively rule out QCD axion dark matter. This assumes the potential of the axion is unmodified during inflation. We revisit models where inflationary dynamics modify the axion potential and discuss how isocurvature bounds can be relaxed. We find that models that rely solely on a larger PQ-breaking scale during inflation fI require either late-time dilution of the axion abundance or highly super-Planckian fI that somehow does not dominate the inflationary energy density. Models that have enhanced explicit breaking of the PQ symmetry during inflation may allow fa close to the Planck scale. Lastly, avoiding disruption of inflationary dynamics provides important limits on the parameter space.

Authors:
 [1];  [2];  [2]
  1. Fermi National Accelerator Lab. (FNAL), Batavia, IL (United States)
  2. Univ. of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Fermi National Accelerator Lab. (FNAL), Batavia, IL (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), High Energy Physics (HEP)
OSTI Identifier:
1256325
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1254888
Report Number(s):
FERMILAB-PUB-16-005-T; MCTP-16-02; arXiv:1601.03049
Journal ID: ISSN 2470-0010; PRVDAQ; 1415092; TRN: US1601745
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC02-07CH11359; SC0007859
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Physical Review D
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 93; Journal Issue: 9; Journal ID: ISSN 2470-0010
Publisher:
American Physical Society (APS)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
79 ASTRONOMY AND ASTROPHYSICS; 72 PHYSICS OF ELEMENTARY PARTICLES AND FIELDS

Citation Formats

Kearney, John, Orlofsky, Nicholas, and Pierce, Aaron. High-scale axions without isocurvature from inflationary dynamics. United States: N. p., 2016. Web. https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevD.93.095026.
Kearney, John, Orlofsky, Nicholas, & Pierce, Aaron. High-scale axions without isocurvature from inflationary dynamics. United States. https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevD.93.095026
Kearney, John, Orlofsky, Nicholas, and Pierce, Aaron. Tue . "High-scale axions without isocurvature from inflationary dynamics". United States. https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevD.93.095026. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1256325.
@article{osti_1256325,
title = {High-scale axions without isocurvature from inflationary dynamics},
author = {Kearney, John and Orlofsky, Nicholas and Pierce, Aaron},
abstractNote = {Observable primordial tensor modes in the cosmic microwave background (CMB) would point to a high scale of inflation HI. If the scale of Peccei-Quinn (PQ) breaking fa is greater than HI/2π, CMB constraints on isocurvature naively rule out QCD axion dark matter. This assumes the potential of the axion is unmodified during inflation. We revisit models where inflationary dynamics modify the axion potential and discuss how isocurvature bounds can be relaxed. We find that models that rely solely on a larger PQ-breaking scale during inflation fI require either late-time dilution of the axion abundance or highly super-Planckian fI that somehow does not dominate the inflationary energy density. Models that have enhanced explicit breaking of the PQ symmetry during inflation may allow fa close to the Planck scale. Lastly, avoiding disruption of inflationary dynamics provides important limits on the parameter space.},
doi = {10.1103/PhysRevD.93.095026},
journal = {Physical Review D},
number = 9,
volume = 93,
place = {United States},
year = {2016},
month = {5}
}

Journal Article:

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Cited by: 2 works
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A cosmological bound on the invisible axion
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Axions from wall decay
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Production of dark matter axions from collapse of string-wall systems
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Erratum: Production of dark matter axions from collapse of string-wall systems [Phys. Rev. D 85 , 105020 (2012)]
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Axion dark matter from topological defects
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Axion dark matter in the post-inflationary Peccei-Quinn symmetry breaking scenario
journal, April 2016


Constraining the inflationary energy scale from axion cosmology
journal, June 1992


Axions and inflation: Vacuum fluctuations
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Axion Cold Dark Matter in View of BICEP2 Results
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Topology in QCD and the axion abundance
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The QCD axion, precisely
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  • DOI: 10.1007/JHEP01(2016)034

The cosmology of string theoretic axions
journal, November 1997


Proposal for a Cosmic Axion Spin Precession Experiment (CASPEr)
journal, May 2014


Proposal for Axion Dark Matter Detection Using an L C Circuit
journal, March 2014


Axion Dark Matter Detection Using Atomic Transitions
journal, November 2014


Axionic domain wall production during inflation
journal, August 1990


Unifying inflation and dark matter with the Peccei-Quinn field: Observable axions and observable tensors
journal, January 2015


String theoretic QCD axions in the light of PLANCK and BICEP2
journal, July 2014

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  • Journal of High Energy Physics, Vol. 2014, Issue 7
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Axion Isocurvature and Magnetic Monopoles
journal, April 2016


Fencing in the swampland: quantum gravity constraints on large field inflation
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Weak gravity strongly constrains large-field axion inflation
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Natural Inflation and Quantum Gravity
journal, April 2015


Reheating after Inflation
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Towards the theory of reheating after inflation
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Cosmic strings from preheating
journal, November 1998


Remarks on cosmic string formation during preheating on lattice simulations
journal, March 2000


Nonperturbative overproduction of axionlike particles via derivative interactions
journal, February 2016


Saving the invisible axion
journal, September 1983


Primordial nucleosynthesis: The effects of injecting hadrons
journal, June 1988


Planck-scale physics and the Peccei-Quinn mechanism
journal, May 1992


A new type of isotropic cosmological models without singularity
journal, March 1980


Lattice study of classical inflaton decay
journal, March 1997


Natural Chaotic Inflation in Supergravity
journal, October 2000


Strong CP problem versus Planck scale physics
journal, May 1997


Exploring the string axiverse with precision black hole physics
journal, February 2011


Must cosmological perturbations remain nonadiabatic after multifield inflation?
journal, October 2004


Generating the curvature perturbation without an inflaton
journal, January 2002


Isocurvature, non-Gaussianity, and the curvaton model
journal, July 2008


Constraining supersymmetry with heavy scalars: Using the CMB
journal, May 2014


Scalar trapping and Saxion cosmology
journal, June 2013

  • Moroi, Takeo; Mukaida, Kyohei; Nakayama, Kazunori
  • Journal of High Energy Physics, Vol. 2013, Issue 6
  • DOI: 10.1007/JHEP06(2013)040

Nonthermal production of dark matter from a late-decaying scalar field at an intermediate scale
journal, September 2006


Relaxing the cosmological moduli problem
journal, April 1996


Revisiting the cosmological coherent oscillation
journal, January 2013


Curvaton and QCD axion in supersymmetric theories
journal, November 2004


Adiabatic solution to the Polonyi/moduli problem
journal, December 2011

  • Nakayama, Kazunori; Takahashi, Fuminobu; Yanagida, Tsutomu T.
  • Physical Review D, Vol. 84, Issue 12
  • DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevD.84.123523

Supersymmetry Breaking in the Early Universe
journal, July 1995


Particle physics models of inflation and the cosmological density perturbation
journal, June 1999


Review of Particle Physics
text, January 2008


String theoretic QCD axions in the light of PLANCK and BICEP2
text, January 2014

  • Choi, Kiwoon; Jeong, Kwangsik; Seo, Min-Seok
  • Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron, DESY, Hamburg
  • DOI: 10.3204/pubdb-2014-04089

    Works referencing / citing this record:

    Opening up the QCD axion window
    journal, March 2018

    • Agrawal, Prateek; Marques-Tavares, Gustavo; Xue, Wei
    • Journal of High Energy Physics, Vol. 2018, Issue 3
    • DOI: 10.1007/jhep03(2018)049