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Title: Spatial potential ripples of azimuthal surface modes in topological insulator Bi 2Te 3 nanowires

Topological insulators (TI) nanowires (NW) are an emerging class of structures, promising both novel quantum effects and potential applications in low-power electronics, thermoelectrics and spintronics. However, investigating the electronic states of TI NWs is complicated, due to their small lateral size, especially at room temperature. Here, we perform scanning probe based nanoscale imaging to resolve the local surface potential landscapes of Bi 2Te 3 nanowires (NWs) at 300 K. We found equipotential rings around the NWs perimeter that we attribute to azimuthal 1D modes. Along the NW axis, these modes are altered, forming potential ripples in the local density of states, due to intrinsic disturbances. Potential mapping of electrically biased NWs enabled us to accurately determine their conductivity which was found to increase with the decrease of NW diameter, consistent with surface dominated transport. Finally, our results demonstrate that TI NWs can pave the way to both exotic quantum states and novel electronic devices.
Authors:
 [1] ;  [2] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [3] ;  [4] ;  [1]
  1. IMM-Instituto de Microelectronica de Madrid (CNM-CSIC), Tres Cantos, Madrid, (Spain)
  2. Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States). Materials Sciences Division; Univ. of California, Berkeley, CA (United States)
  3. Univ. of Hamburg (Germany). Inst. of Nanostructure and Solid State Physics
  4. Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States). Materials Sciences Division
Publication Date:
Grant/Contract Number:
AC02-05CH11231; AC02-05CH1123
Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Scientific Reports
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 6; Journal ID: ISSN 2045-2322
Publisher:
Nature Publishing Group
Research Org:
Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
77 NANOSCIENCE AND NANOTECHNOLOGY
OSTI Identifier:
1256064
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1379030

Muñoz Rojo, Miguel, Zhang, Yingjie, Manzano, Cristina V., Alvaro, Raquel, Gooth, Johannes, Salmeron, Miquel, and Martin-Gonzalez, Marisol. Spatial potential ripples of azimuthal surface modes in topological insulator Bi2Te3 nanowires. United States: N. p., Web. doi:10.1038/srep19014.
Muñoz Rojo, Miguel, Zhang, Yingjie, Manzano, Cristina V., Alvaro, Raquel, Gooth, Johannes, Salmeron, Miquel, & Martin-Gonzalez, Marisol. Spatial potential ripples of azimuthal surface modes in topological insulator Bi2Te3 nanowires. United States. doi:10.1038/srep19014.
Muñoz Rojo, Miguel, Zhang, Yingjie, Manzano, Cristina V., Alvaro, Raquel, Gooth, Johannes, Salmeron, Miquel, and Martin-Gonzalez, Marisol. 2016. "Spatial potential ripples of azimuthal surface modes in topological insulator Bi2Te3 nanowires". United States. doi:10.1038/srep19014. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1256064.
@article{osti_1256064,
title = {Spatial potential ripples of azimuthal surface modes in topological insulator Bi2Te3 nanowires},
author = {Muñoz Rojo, Miguel and Zhang, Yingjie and Manzano, Cristina V. and Alvaro, Raquel and Gooth, Johannes and Salmeron, Miquel and Martin-Gonzalez, Marisol},
abstractNote = {Topological insulators (TI) nanowires (NW) are an emerging class of structures, promising both novel quantum effects and potential applications in low-power electronics, thermoelectrics and spintronics. However, investigating the electronic states of TI NWs is complicated, due to their small lateral size, especially at room temperature. Here, we perform scanning probe based nanoscale imaging to resolve the local surface potential landscapes of Bi2Te3 nanowires (NWs) at 300 K. We found equipotential rings around the NWs perimeter that we attribute to azimuthal 1D modes. Along the NW axis, these modes are altered, forming potential ripples in the local density of states, due to intrinsic disturbances. Potential mapping of electrically biased NWs enabled us to accurately determine their conductivity which was found to increase with the decrease of NW diameter, consistent with surface dominated transport. Finally, our results demonstrate that TI NWs can pave the way to both exotic quantum states and novel electronic devices.},
doi = {10.1038/srep19014},
journal = {Scientific Reports},
number = ,
volume = 6,
place = {United States},
year = {2016},
month = {1}
}

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