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Title: Inertial-confinement fusion with lasers

Abstract

The quest for controlled fusion energy has been ongoing for over a half century. The demonstration of ignition and energy gain from thermonuclear fuels in the laboratory has been a major goal of fusion research for decades. Thermonuclear ignition is widely considered a milestone in the development of fusion energy, as well as a major scientific achievement with important applications to national security and basic sciences. The U.S. is arguably the world leader in the inertial con fment approach to fusion and has invested in large facilities to pursue it with the objective of establishing the science related to the safety and reliability of the stockpile of nuclear weapons. Even though significant progress has been made in recent years, major challenges still remain in the quest for thermonuclear ignition via laser fusion.

Authors:
 [1];  [2]
  1. Univ. of Rochester, Rochester, NY (United States)
  2. Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Univ. of Rochester, Rochester, NY (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1255527
Grant/Contract Number:  
NA0001944
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Nature Physics
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 12; Journal Issue: 5; Journal ID: ISSN 1745-2473
Publisher:
Nature Publishing Group (NPG)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
70 PLASMA PHYSICS AND FUSION TECHNOLOGY

Citation Formats

Betti, R., and Hurricane, O. A. Inertial-confinement fusion with lasers. United States: N. p., 2016. Web. doi:10.1038/nphys3736.
Betti, R., & Hurricane, O. A. Inertial-confinement fusion with lasers. United States. doi:10.1038/nphys3736.
Betti, R., and Hurricane, O. A. Tue . "Inertial-confinement fusion with lasers". United States. doi:10.1038/nphys3736. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1255527.
@article{osti_1255527,
title = {Inertial-confinement fusion with lasers},
author = {Betti, R. and Hurricane, O. A.},
abstractNote = {The quest for controlled fusion energy has been ongoing for over a half century. The demonstration of ignition and energy gain from thermonuclear fuels in the laboratory has been a major goal of fusion research for decades. Thermonuclear ignition is widely considered a milestone in the development of fusion energy, as well as a major scientific achievement with important applications to national security and basic sciences. The U.S. is arguably the world leader in the inertial con fment approach to fusion and has invested in large facilities to pursue it with the objective of establishing the science related to the safety and reliability of the stockpile of nuclear weapons. Even though significant progress has been made in recent years, major challenges still remain in the quest for thermonuclear ignition via laser fusion.},
doi = {10.1038/nphys3736},
journal = {Nature Physics},
number = 5,
volume = 12,
place = {United States},
year = {2016},
month = {5}
}

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Cited by: 35 works
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Shock Ignition: A New Approach to High Gain Inertial Confinement Fusion on the National Ignition Facility
journal, July 2009


Shock ignition target design for inertial fusion energy
journal, April 2010

  • Schmitt, Andrew J.; Bates, Jason W.; Obenschain, Steven P.
  • Physics of Plasmas, Vol. 17, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.3385443

Shock ignition: an alternative scheme for HiPER
journal, December 2008


Gain curves and hydrodynamic modeling for shock ignition
journal, May 2010

  • Lafon, M.; Ribeyre, X.; Schurtz, G.
  • Physics of Plasmas, Vol. 17, Issue 5
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.3407623

Energy and wavelength scaling of shock-ignited inertial fusion targets
journal, April 2013


Shock ignition: modelling and target design robustness
journal, November 2009


Initial experiments on the shock-ignition inertial confinement fusion concept
journal, May 2008

  • Theobald, W.; Betti, R.; Stoeckl, C.
  • Physics of Plasmas, Vol. 15, Issue 5
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.2885197

Experiment in Planar Geometry for Shock Ignition Studies
journal, May 2012


Shock-ignition relevant experiments with planar targets on OMEGA
journal, February 2014

  • Hohenberger, M.; Theobald, W.; Hu, S. X.
  • Physics of Plasmas, Vol. 21, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.4865373

Generation of high pressure shocks relevant to the shock-ignition intensity regime
journal, March 2014

  • Batani, D.; Antonelli, L.; Atzeni, S.
  • Physics of Plasmas, Vol. 21, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.4869715

Spherical strong-shock generation for shock-ignition inertial fusiona)
journal, May 2015

  • Theobald, W.; Nora, R.; Seka, W.
  • Physics of Plasmas, Vol. 22, Issue 5
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.4920956

Spherical shock-ignition experiments with the 40 + 20-beam configuration on OMEGA
journal, October 2012

  • Theobald, W.; Nora, R.; Lafon, M.
  • Physics of Plasmas, Vol. 19, Issue 10
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.4763556

Shock ignition of thermonuclear fuel with high areal densities
journal, May 2008

  • Betti, R.; Theobald, W.; Zhou, C. D.
  • Journal of Physics: Conference Series, Vol. 112, Issue 2, Article No. 022024
  • DOI: 10.1088/1742-6596/112/2/022024

Ablation driven by hot electrons generated during the ignitor laser pulse in shock ignition
journal, December 2012

  • Piriz, A. R.; Rodriguez Prieto, G.; Tahir, N. A.
  • Physics of Plasmas, Vol. 19, Issue 12
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.4771593

Ablation Pressure Driven by an Energetic Electron Beam in a Dense Plasma
journal, December 2012


Particle-in-cell simulations of laser–plasma interaction for the shock ignition scenario
journal, April 2010


Intermittent laser-plasma interactions and hot electron generation in shock ignition
journal, June 2014

  • Yan, R.; Li, J.; Ren, C.
  • Physics of Plasmas, Vol. 21, Issue 6
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.4882682

Laser plasma interaction studies in the context of shock ignition—Transition from collisional to collisionless absorption
journal, August 2011

  • Klimo, O.; Tikhonchuk, V. T.; Ribeyre, X.
  • Physics of Plasmas, Vol. 18, Issue 8
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.3625264

Fast saturation of the two-plasmon-decay instability for shock-ignition conditions
journal, January 2012


Deleterious effects of nonthermal electrons in shock ignition concept
journal, March 2014


Seeding magnetic fields for laser-driven flux compression in high-energy-density plasmas
journal, April 2009

  • Gotchev, O. V.; Knauer, J. P.; Chang, P. Y.
  • Review of Scientific Instruments, Vol. 80, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.3115983

Fusion Yield Enhancement in Magnetized Laser-Driven Implosions
journal, July 2011


Inertial confinement fusion implosions with imposed magnetic field compression using the OMEGA Laser
journal, May 2012

  • Hohenberger, M.; Chang, P. -Y.; Fiksel, G.
  • Physics of Plasmas, Vol. 19, Issue 5
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.3696032

The importance of electrothermal terms in Ohm's law for magnetized spherical implosions
journal, November 2015

  • Davies, J. R.; Betti, R.; Chang, P. -Y.
  • Physics of Plasmas, Vol. 22, Issue 11
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.4935286

Two-dimensional simulations of thermonuclear burn in ignition-scale inertial confinement fusion targets under compressed axial magnetic fields
journal, July 2013

  • Perkins, L. J.; Logan, B. G.; Zimmerman, G. B.
  • Physics of Plasmas, Vol. 20, Issue 7
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.4816813

Use of external magnetic fields in hohlraum plasmas to improve laser-coupling
journal, January 2015

  • Montgomery, D. S.; Albright, B. J.; Barnak, D. H.
  • Physics of Plasmas, Vol. 22, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.4906055

Ignition conditions for magnetized target fusion in cylindrical geometry
journal, January 2000


Design of magnetized liner inertial fusion experiments using the Z facility
journal, July 2014

  • Sefkow, A. B.; Slutz, S. A.; Koning, J. M.
  • Physics of Plasmas, Vol. 21, Issue 7
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.4890298

High-Gain Magnetized Inertial Fusion
journal, January 2012


    Works referencing / citing this record:

    A high temporal resolution numerical algorithm for shock wave velocity diagnosis
    journal, June 2019


    Efficient absorption of laser light by nano-porous materials with well-controlled structure
    journal, March 2020


    Self-focusing of higher-order asymmetric elegant Hermite-cosh-Gaussian laser beams in collisionless magnetized plasma
    journal, March 2019

    • Vhanmore, Bandopant D.; Valkunde, Amol T.; Urunkar, Trupti U.
    • The European Physical Journal D, Vol. 73, Issue 3
    • DOI: 10.1140/epjd/e2019-90369-8