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Title: Modeling thermionic emission from laser-heated nanoparticles

An adjusted form of thermionic emission is applied to calculate emitted current from laser-heated nanoparticles and to interpret time-resolved laser-induced incandescence (TR-LII) signals. This adjusted form of thermionic emission predicts significantly lower values of emitted current compared to the commonly used Richardson-Dushman equation, since the buildup of positive charge in a laser-heated nanoparticle increases the energy barrier for further emission of electrons. Thermionic emission influences the particle's energy balance equation, which can influence TR-LII signals. Additionally, reports suggest that thermionic emission can induce disintegration of nanoparticle aggregates when the electrostatic Coulomb repulsion energy between two positively charged primary particles is greater than the van der Waals bond energy. Furthermore, since the presence and size of aggregates strongly influences the particle's energy balance equation, using an appropriate form of thermionic emission to calculate emitted current may improve interpretation of TR-LII signals.
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  1. Princeton Plasma Physics Lab. (PPPL), Princeton, NJ (United States)
  2. Princeton Univ., Princeton, NJ (United States)
Publication Date:
Report Number(s):
Journal ID: ISSN 0003-6951; APPLAB
Grant/Contract Number:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Applied Physics Letters
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 108; Journal Issue: 5; Conference: Materials Research Society Fall Meeting, Nov 29-Dec 4, Boston, MA; Related Information: This work was supported by the U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Science, Basic Energy Sciences, Materials Sciences and Engineering Division. James M. Mitrani acknowledges the support from the Program in Plasma Science and Technology, at the Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory. - Check fund numbers; Journal ID: ISSN 0003-6951
American Institute of Physics (AIP)
Research Org:
Princeton Plasma Physics Lab. (PPPL), Princeton, NJ (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
Country of Publication:
United States
77 NANOSCIENCE AND NANOTECHNOLOGY; nanoparticles; thermionic emission; energy balance; charged currents; chemical bonds
OSTI Identifier:
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1236525