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Title: Deciphering ocean carbon in a changing world

Abstract

Dissolved organic matter (DOM) in the oceans is one of the largest pools of reduced carbon on Earth, comparable in size to the atmospheric CO 2 reservoir. The cycling of DOM over short and long time scales has profound impacts on the quantity of carbon sequestered in the oceans and the foundations of the food webs that support ocean life. At the heart of this cycle lie molecular-level relationships between the individual molecules in DOM and the members of the ocean microbiome that produce and consume them. In the past, these connections have defied clear definition and study because both DOM and microbial communities consist of many thousands of individual components. Emerging tools in analytical chemistry, microbiology and informatics are breaking down the barriers to a fuller appreciation of these connections. Furthermore, we highlight questions that are being addressed using this new toolkit and consider how these advances are transforming our understanding of some of the most important reactions of the marine carbon cycle.

Authors:
 [1]; ORCiD logo [2];  [3];  [4];  [5];  [6];  [7];  [8];  [9];  [10];  [4];  [2];  [1]; ORCiD logo [11];  [12];  [2];  [13]
  1. Univ. of Georgia, Athens, GA (United States)
  2. Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, Woods Hole, MA (United States)
  3. Univ. of Georgia, Savannah, GA (United States)
  4. Univ. of Washington, Seattle, WA (United States)
  5. Univ. of California, San Diego, La Jolla, CA (United States)
  6. Univ. of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN (United States)
  7. Oregon State Univ., Corvallis, OR (United States)
  8. Univ. of California, San Diego, La Jolla, CA (United States);
  9. Columbia Univ., Palisades, NY (United States)
  10. Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States)
  11. Univ. of Oldenburg, Oldenburg (Germany)
  12. Univ. Pierre et Marie Curie (France)
  13. Univ. of Chicago, Chicago, IL (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1254576
Report Number(s):
PNNL-SA-114532
Journal ID: ISSN 0027-8424; KP1704020
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC05-76RL01830
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 113; Journal Issue: 12; Journal ID: ISSN 0027-8424
Publisher:
National Academy of Sciences, Washington, DC (United States)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
54 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES; 37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL, AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY; dissolved organic matter; marine microbes; cyberinfrastructure

Citation Formats

Moran, Mary Ann, Kujawinski, Elizabeth B., Stubbins, Aron, Fatland, Rob, Aluwihare, Lihini I., Buchan, Alison, Crump, Byron C., Dorrestein, Pieter C., Dyhrman, Sonya T., Hess, Nancy J., Howe, Bill, Longnecker, Krista, Medeiros, Patricia M., Niggemann, Jutta, Obernosterer, Ingrid, Repeta, Daniel J., and Waldbauer, Jacob R.. Deciphering ocean carbon in a changing world. United States: N. p., 2016. Web. doi:10.1073/pnas.1514645113.
Moran, Mary Ann, Kujawinski, Elizabeth B., Stubbins, Aron, Fatland, Rob, Aluwihare, Lihini I., Buchan, Alison, Crump, Byron C., Dorrestein, Pieter C., Dyhrman, Sonya T., Hess, Nancy J., Howe, Bill, Longnecker, Krista, Medeiros, Patricia M., Niggemann, Jutta, Obernosterer, Ingrid, Repeta, Daniel J., & Waldbauer, Jacob R.. Deciphering ocean carbon in a changing world. United States. doi:10.1073/pnas.1514645113.
Moran, Mary Ann, Kujawinski, Elizabeth B., Stubbins, Aron, Fatland, Rob, Aluwihare, Lihini I., Buchan, Alison, Crump, Byron C., Dorrestein, Pieter C., Dyhrman, Sonya T., Hess, Nancy J., Howe, Bill, Longnecker, Krista, Medeiros, Patricia M., Niggemann, Jutta, Obernosterer, Ingrid, Repeta, Daniel J., and Waldbauer, Jacob R.. Mon . "Deciphering ocean carbon in a changing world". United States. doi:10.1073/pnas.1514645113. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1254576.
@article{osti_1254576,
title = {Deciphering ocean carbon in a changing world},
author = {Moran, Mary Ann and Kujawinski, Elizabeth B. and Stubbins, Aron and Fatland, Rob and Aluwihare, Lihini I. and Buchan, Alison and Crump, Byron C. and Dorrestein, Pieter C. and Dyhrman, Sonya T. and Hess, Nancy J. and Howe, Bill and Longnecker, Krista and Medeiros, Patricia M. and Niggemann, Jutta and Obernosterer, Ingrid and Repeta, Daniel J. and Waldbauer, Jacob R.},
abstractNote = {Dissolved organic matter (DOM) in the oceans is one of the largest pools of reduced carbon on Earth, comparable in size to the atmospheric CO2 reservoir. The cycling of DOM over short and long time scales has profound impacts on the quantity of carbon sequestered in the oceans and the foundations of the food webs that support ocean life. At the heart of this cycle lie molecular-level relationships between the individual molecules in DOM and the members of the ocean microbiome that produce and consume them. In the past, these connections have defied clear definition and study because both DOM and microbial communities consist of many thousands of individual components. Emerging tools in analytical chemistry, microbiology and informatics are breaking down the barriers to a fuller appreciation of these connections. Furthermore, we highlight questions that are being addressed using this new toolkit and consider how these advances are transforming our understanding of some of the most important reactions of the marine carbon cycle.},
doi = {10.1073/pnas.1514645113},
journal = {Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America},
number = 12,
volume = 113,
place = {United States},
year = {2016},
month = {3}
}

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Cited by: 18 works
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