skip to main content
DOE PAGES title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: Dark matter beams at LBNF

Abstract

High-intensity neutrino beam facilities may produce a beam of light dark matter when protons strike the target. Searches for such a dark matter beam using its scattering in a nearby detector must overcome the large neutrino background. We characterize the spatial and energy distributions of the dark matter and neutrino beams, focusing on their differences to enhance the sensitivity to dark matter. We find that a dark matter beam produced by a Z$$^{'}$$ boson in the GeV mass range is both broader and more energetic than the neutrino beam. The reach for dark matter is maximized for a detector sensitive to hard neutral-current scatterings, placed at a sizable angle off the neutrino beam axis. In the case of the Long-Baseline Neutrino Facility (LBNF), a detector placed at roughly 6 degrees off axis and at a distance of about 200 m from the target would be sensitive to Z$$^{'}$$ couplings as low as 0.05. This search can proceed symbiotically with neutrino measurements. We also show that the MiniBooNE and MicroBooNE detectors, which are on Fermilab’s Booster beamline, happen to be at an optimal angle from the NuMI beam and could perform searches with existing data. As a result, this illustrates potential synergies between LBNF and the short-baseline neutrino program if the detectors are positioned appropriately.

Authors:
 [1];  [1];  [1];  [1]
  1. Fermi National Accelerator Lab. (FNAL), Batavia, IL (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Fermi National Accelerator Lab. (FNAL), Batavia, IL (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), High Energy Physics (HEP) (SC-25)
OSTI Identifier:
1253183
Report Number(s):
FERMILAB-PUB-15-535-T; arXiv:1512.03852
Journal ID: ISSN 1029-8479; 1409487
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC02-07CH11359
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Journal of High Energy Physics (Online)
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Name: Journal of High Energy Physics (Online); Journal Volume: 2016; Journal Issue: 4; Journal ID: ISSN 1029-8479
Publisher:
Springer Berlin
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
72 PHYSICS OF ELEMENTARY PARTICLES AND FIELDS; Beyond Standard Model; neutrino physics

Citation Formats

Coloma, Pilar, Dobrescu, Bogdan A., Frugiuele, Claudia, and Harnik, Roni. Dark matter beams at LBNF. United States: N. p., 2016. Web. doi:10.1007/JHEP04(2016)047.
Coloma, Pilar, Dobrescu, Bogdan A., Frugiuele, Claudia, & Harnik, Roni. Dark matter beams at LBNF. United States. doi:10.1007/JHEP04(2016)047.
Coloma, Pilar, Dobrescu, Bogdan A., Frugiuele, Claudia, and Harnik, Roni. Fri . "Dark matter beams at LBNF". United States. doi:10.1007/JHEP04(2016)047. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1253183.
@article{osti_1253183,
title = {Dark matter beams at LBNF},
author = {Coloma, Pilar and Dobrescu, Bogdan A. and Frugiuele, Claudia and Harnik, Roni},
abstractNote = {High-intensity neutrino beam facilities may produce a beam of light dark matter when protons strike the target. Searches for such a dark matter beam using its scattering in a nearby detector must overcome the large neutrino background. We characterize the spatial and energy distributions of the dark matter and neutrino beams, focusing on their differences to enhance the sensitivity to dark matter. We find that a dark matter beam produced by a Z$^{'}$ boson in the GeV mass range is both broader and more energetic than the neutrino beam. The reach for dark matter is maximized for a detector sensitive to hard neutral-current scatterings, placed at a sizable angle off the neutrino beam axis. In the case of the Long-Baseline Neutrino Facility (LBNF), a detector placed at roughly 6 degrees off axis and at a distance of about 200 m from the target would be sensitive to Z$^{'}$ couplings as low as 0.05. This search can proceed symbiotically with neutrino measurements. We also show that the MiniBooNE and MicroBooNE detectors, which are on Fermilab’s Booster beamline, happen to be at an optimal angle from the NuMI beam and could perform searches with existing data. As a result, this illustrates potential synergies between LBNF and the short-baseline neutrino program if the detectors are positioned appropriately.},
doi = {10.1007/JHEP04(2016)047},
journal = {Journal of High Energy Physics (Online)},
number = 4,
volume = 2016,
place = {United States},
year = {2016},
month = {4}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record

Citation Metrics:
Cited by: 7 works
Citation information provided by
Web of Science

Save / Share:

Works referenced in this record:

Constraints on light Majorana dark matter from colliders
journal, January 2011


The Tevatron at the frontier of dark matter direct detection
journal, December 2010

  • Bai, Yang; Fox, Patrick J.; Harnik, Roni
  • Journal of High Energy Physics, Vol. 2010, Issue 12
  • DOI: 10.1007/JHEP12(2010)048

Search for Dark Matter in Events with One Jet and Missing Transverse Energy in p p ¯ Collisions at s = 1.96 TeV
journal, May 2012


Observing a light dark matter beam with neutrino experiments
journal, October 2011


Signatures of sub-GeV dark matter beams at neutrino experiments
journal, August 2012


Leptophobic dark matter at neutrino factories
journal, December 2014


GeV-scale dark matter: production at the Main Injector
journal, February 2015

  • Dobrescu, Bogdan A.; Frugiuele, Claudia
  • Journal of High Energy Physics, Vol. 2015, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1007/JHEP02(2015)019

Searching for the light dark gauge boson in GeV-scale experiments
journal, July 2009


New limits on light hidden sectors from fixed-target experiments
journal, June 2014

  • Morrissey, David E.; Spray, Andrew P.
  • Journal of High Energy Physics, Vol. 2014, Issue 6
  • DOI: 10.1007/JHEP06(2014)083

Hidden GeV-Scale Interactions of Quarks
journal, August 2014


Z gauge bosons at the Fermilab Tevatron
journal, November 2004


Gauge Theory for Baryon and Lepton Numbers with Leptoquarks
journal, June 2013


Coupling-mass mapping of dijet peak searches
journal, August 2013


Search for the Invisible Decay of J / ψ in ψ ( 2 S ) π + π J / ψ
journal, May 2008


Search for Invisible Decays of the Υ ( 1 S )
journal, December 2009


Constraining light dark matter with low-energy e+e− colliders
journal, November 2013

  • Essig, Rouven; Mardon, Jeremy; Papucci, Michele
  • Journal of High Energy Physics, Vol. 2013, Issue 11
  • DOI: 10.1007/JHEP11(2013)167

The automated computation of tree-level and next-to-leading order differential cross sections, and their matching to parton shower simulations
journal, July 2014

  • Alwall, J.; Frederix, R.; Frixione, S.
  • Journal of High Energy Physics, Vol. 2014, Issue 7
  • DOI: 10.1007/JHEP07(2014)079

FeynRules – Feynman rules made easy
journal, September 2009


The MiniBooNE detector
journal, February 2009

  • Aguilar-Arevalo, A. A.; Anderson, C. E.; Bartoszek, L. M.
  • Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment, Vol. 599, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1016/j.nima.2008.10.028

Measurement of ν μ and ν e Events in an Off-Axis Horn-Focused Neutrino Beam
journal, May 2009


From eV to EeV: Neutrino cross sections across energy scales
journal, September 2012


Measurement of the neutrino neutral-current elastic differential cross section on mineral oil at E ν 1 GeV
journal, November 2010