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Title: Identification of nuclear effects in neutrino-carbon interactions at low three-momentum transfer

Abstract

Two different nuclear-medium effects are isolated using a low three-momentum transfer subsample of neutrino-carbon scattering data from the MINERvA neutrino experiment. The observed hadronic energy in charged-current νμ interactions is combined with muon kinematics to permit separation of the quasielastic and Δ(1232) resonance processes. First, we observe a small cross section at very low energy transfer that matches the expected screening effect of long-range nucleon correlations. Second, additions to the event rate in the kinematic region between the quasielastic and Δ resonance processes are needed to describe the data. The data in this kinematic region also have an enhanced population of multiproton final states. Contributions predicted for scattering from a nucleon pair have both properties; the model tested in this analysis is a significant improvement but does not fully describe the data. We present the results as a double-differential cross section to enable further investigation of nuclear models. Furthermore, improved description of the effects of the nuclear environment are required by current and future neutrino oscillation experiments.

Authors:
 [1]
  1. Univ. of Rochester, Rochester, NY (United States). et al.
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Fermi National Accelerator Lab. (FNAL), Batavia, IL (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), High Energy Physics (HEP) (SC-25)
Contributing Org.:
MINERvA Collaboration
OSTI Identifier:
1253013
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1238197
Report Number(s):
FERMILAB-PUB-15-498-ND; arXiv:1511.05944
Journal ID: ISSN 0031-9007; PRLTAO; 1405301
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC02-07CH11359
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Physical Review Letters
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 116; Journal Issue: 7; Journal ID: ISSN 0031-9007
Publisher:
American Physical Society (APS)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
72 PHYSICS OF ELEMENTARY PARTICLES AND FIELDS

Citation Formats

Rodrigues, P. A.. Identification of nuclear effects in neutrino-carbon interactions at low three-momentum transfer. United States: N. p., 2016. Web. doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.116.071802.
Rodrigues, P. A.. Identification of nuclear effects in neutrino-carbon interactions at low three-momentum transfer. United States. doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.116.071802.
Rodrigues, P. A.. Wed . "Identification of nuclear effects in neutrino-carbon interactions at low three-momentum transfer". United States. doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.116.071802. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1253013.
@article{osti_1253013,
title = {Identification of nuclear effects in neutrino-carbon interactions at low three-momentum transfer},
author = {Rodrigues, P. A.},
abstractNote = {Two different nuclear-medium effects are isolated using a low three-momentum transfer subsample of neutrino-carbon scattering data from the MINERvA neutrino experiment. The observed hadronic energy in charged-current νμ interactions is combined with muon kinematics to permit separation of the quasielastic and Δ(1232) resonance processes. First, we observe a small cross section at very low energy transfer that matches the expected screening effect of long-range nucleon correlations. Second, additions to the event rate in the kinematic region between the quasielastic and Δ resonance processes are needed to describe the data. The data in this kinematic region also have an enhanced population of multiproton final states. Contributions predicted for scattering from a nucleon pair have both properties; the model tested in this analysis is a significant improvement but does not fully describe the data. We present the results as a double-differential cross section to enable further investigation of nuclear models. Furthermore, improved description of the effects of the nuclear environment are required by current and future neutrino oscillation experiments.},
doi = {10.1103/PhysRevLett.116.071802},
journal = {Physical Review Letters},
number = 7,
volume = 116,
place = {United States},
year = {2016},
month = {2}
}

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