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Title: Interplay between microorganisms and geochemistry in geological carbon storage

Researchers at the Center for Frontiers of Subsurface Energy Security (CFSES) have conducted laboratory and modeling studies to better understand the interplay between microorganisms and geochemistry for geological carbon storage (GCS). We provide evidence of microorganisms adapting to high pressure CO 2 conditions and identify factors that may influence survival of cells to CO 2 stress. Factors that influenced the ability of cells to survive exposure to high-pressure CO 2 in our experiments include mineralogy, the permeability of cell walls and/or membranes, intracellular buffering capacity, and whether cells live planktonically or within biofilm. Column experiments show that, following exposure to acidic water, biomass can remain intact in porous media and continue to alter hydraulic conductivity. Our research also shows that geochemical changes triggered by CO 2 injection can alter energy available to populations of subsurface anaerobes and that microbial feedbacks on this effect can influence carbon storage. Our research documents the impact of CO 2 on microorganisms and in turn, how subsurface microorganisms can influence GCS. Furthermore, we conclude that microbial presence and activities can have important implications for carbon storage and that microorganisms should not be overlooked in further GCS research.
 [1] ;  [2] ;  [3] ;  [3]
  1. Sandia National Lab. (SNL-NM), Albuquerque, NM (United States)
  2. Kansas State Univ., Manhattan, KS (United States)
  3. The Univ. of Texas at Austin, Austin, TX (United States)
Publication Date:
Report Number(s):
Journal ID: ISSN 1750-5836; 599002
Grant/Contract Number:
AC04-94AL85000; SC0001114
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
International Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 47; Journal Issue: C; Journal ID: ISSN 1750-5836
Research Org:
Sandia National Lab. (SNL-NM), Albuquerque, NM (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22)
Country of Publication:
United States
58 GEOSCIENCES; 36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; carbon trapping; porous media; subsurface microbiology; bioenergetics; capnophile; bioreactor experiments
OSTI Identifier:
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1357290