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Title: Adsorption of small hydrocarbons on rutile TiO 2(110)

Here, temperature programmed desorption and molecular beam scattering were used to study the adsorption and desorption of small hydrocarbons (n-alkanes, 1-alkenes and 1-alkynes of C 1–C 4) on rutile TiO 2(110). We show that the sticking coefficients for all the hydrocarbons are close to unity (> 0.95) at an adsorption temperature of 60 K. The desorption energies for hydrocarbons of the same chain length increase from n-alkanes to 1-alkenes and to 1-alkynes. This trend is likely a consequence of additional dative bonding of the alkene and alkyne π system to the coordinatively unsaturated Ti 5c sites. Similar to previous studies on the adsorption of n-alkanes on metal and metal oxide surfaces, we find that the desorption energies within each group (n-alkanes vs. 1-alkenes vs. 1-alkynes) from Ti 5c sites increase linearly with the chain length. The absolute saturation coverages of each hydrocarbon on Ti 5c sites were also determined. The saturation coverage of CH 4, is found to be ~ 2/3 monolayer (ML). The saturation coverages of C 2–C 4 hydrocarbons are found nearly independent of the chain length with values of ~ 1/2 ML for n-alkanes and 1-alkenes and 2/3 ML for 1-alkynes. This result is surprising considering theirmore » similar sizes.« less
Authors:
 [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [1]
  1. Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States)
Publication Date:
Report Number(s):
PNNL-SA-113158
Journal ID: ISSN 0039-6028; PII: S003960281500374X;
Grant/Contract Number:
KC0301050-47319; AC0576RL01830
Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Surface Science
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 1021; Journal Issue: C; Journal ID: ISSN 0039-6028
Publisher:
Elsevier
Research Org:
Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22); USDOE Office of Science (SC), Biological and Environmental Research (BER) (SC-23)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; hydrocarbons; adsorption; desorption; temperature programmed desorption; sticking coefficient
OSTI Identifier:
1251558
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1373616