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Title: Ash reduction strategies in corn stover facilitated by anatomical and size fractionation

Abstract

There is growing interest internationally to produce fuels from renewable biomass resources. Inorganic components of biomass feedstocks, referred to collectively as ash, damage equipment and decrease yields in thermal conversion processes, and decrease feedstock value for biochemical conversion processes. Decreasing the ash content of feedstocks improves conversion efficiency and lowers process costs. Because physiological ash is unevenly distributed in the plant, mechanical processes can be used to separate fractions of the plant based on ash content. This study focuses on the ash separation that can be achieved by separating corn stover by particle size and anatomical fraction. Baled corn stover was hand-separated into anatomical fractions, ground to <19.1 mm, and size separated using six sieves ranging from 9.5 to 0.150 mm. Size fractions were analyzed for total ash content and ash composition. Particle size distributions observed for the anatomical fractions varied considerably. Cob particles were primarily 2.0 mm or greater, while most of the sheath and husk particles were 2.0 mm and smaller. Particles of leaves greater than 0.6 mm contained the greatest amount of total ash, ranging from approximately 8 to 13% dry weight of the total original material, while the fractions with particles smaller than 0.6 mm containedmore » less than 2% of the total ash of the original material. As a result, based on the overall ash content and the elemental ash, specific anatomical and size fractions can be separated to optimize the feedstocks being delivered to biofuels conversion processes and minimize the need for more expensive ash reduction treatments.« less

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1];  [1];  [1];  [1]
  1. Idaho National Lab. (INL), Idaho Falls, ID (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Idaho National Lab. (INL), Idaho Falls, ID (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1251419
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1358831
Report Number(s):
INL/JOU-14-32946
Journal ID: ISSN 0961-9534; PII: S0961953416301192
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC07-05ID14517
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Biomass and Bioenergy
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 90; Journal Issue: C; Journal ID: ISSN 0961-9534
Publisher:
Elsevier
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
09 BIOMASS FUELS; ash reduction; fractionation; mechanical separations; preprocessing

Citation Formats

Lacey, Jeffrey A., Emerson, Rachel M., Thompson, David N., and Westover, Tyler L.. Ash reduction strategies in corn stover facilitated by anatomical and size fractionation. United States: N. p., 2016. Web. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biombioe.2016.04.006.
Lacey, Jeffrey A., Emerson, Rachel M., Thompson, David N., & Westover, Tyler L.. Ash reduction strategies in corn stover facilitated by anatomical and size fractionation. United States. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biombioe.2016.04.006
Lacey, Jeffrey A., Emerson, Rachel M., Thompson, David N., and Westover, Tyler L.. Fri . "Ash reduction strategies in corn stover facilitated by anatomical and size fractionation". United States. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biombioe.2016.04.006. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1251419.
@article{osti_1251419,
title = {Ash reduction strategies in corn stover facilitated by anatomical and size fractionation},
author = {Lacey, Jeffrey A. and Emerson, Rachel M. and Thompson, David N. and Westover, Tyler L.},
abstractNote = {There is growing interest internationally to produce fuels from renewable biomass resources. Inorganic components of biomass feedstocks, referred to collectively as ash, damage equipment and decrease yields in thermal conversion processes, and decrease feedstock value for biochemical conversion processes. Decreasing the ash content of feedstocks improves conversion efficiency and lowers process costs. Because physiological ash is unevenly distributed in the plant, mechanical processes can be used to separate fractions of the plant based on ash content. This study focuses on the ash separation that can be achieved by separating corn stover by particle size and anatomical fraction. Baled corn stover was hand-separated into anatomical fractions, ground to <19.1 mm, and size separated using six sieves ranging from 9.5 to 0.150 mm. Size fractions were analyzed for total ash content and ash composition. Particle size distributions observed for the anatomical fractions varied considerably. Cob particles were primarily 2.0 mm or greater, while most of the sheath and husk particles were 2.0 mm and smaller. Particles of leaves greater than 0.6 mm contained the greatest amount of total ash, ranging from approximately 8 to 13% dry weight of the total original material, while the fractions with particles smaller than 0.6 mm contained less than 2% of the total ash of the original material. As a result, based on the overall ash content and the elemental ash, specific anatomical and size fractions can be separated to optimize the feedstocks being delivered to biofuels conversion processes and minimize the need for more expensive ash reduction treatments.},
doi = {10.1016/j.biombioe.2016.04.006},
journal = {Biomass and Bioenergy},
number = C,
volume = 90,
place = {United States},
year = {2016},
month = {4}
}

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Cited by: 3 works
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    Works referencing / citing this record:

    Cost and profit impacts of modifying stover harvest operations to improve feedstock quality
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    Wear Properties of Ash Minerals in Biomass
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    • Lacey, Jeffrey A.; Aston, John E.; Thompson, Vicki S.
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