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Title: Violation of lepton flavor and lepton flavor universality in rare kaon decays

Abstract

Here, recent anomalies in the decays of B mesons and the Higgs boson provide hints towards lepton flavor (universality) violating physics beyond the Standard Model. We observe that four-fermion operators which can explain the B-physics anomalies have corresponding analogs in the kaon sector, and we analyze their impact on K→πℓℓ' and K→ℓℓ' decays (ℓ=μ,e). For these processes, we note the corresponding physics opportunities at the NA62 experiment. In particular, assuming minimal flavor violation, we comment on the required improvements in sensitivity necessary to test the B-physics anomalies in the kaon sector.

Authors:
; ; ;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Univ. of Washington, Seattle, WA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1250191
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1438837
Grant/Contract Number:  
FG02-00ER41132
Resource Type:
Published Article
Journal Name:
Physical Review D
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 93; Journal Issue: 7; Journal ID: ISSN 2470-0010
Publisher:
American Physical Society
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
72 PHYSICS OF ELEMENTARY PARTICLES AND FIELDS

Citation Formats

Crivellin, Andreas, D’Ambrosio, Giancarlo, Hoferichter, Martin, and Tunstall, Lewis C. Violation of lepton flavor and lepton flavor universality in rare kaon decays. United States: N. p., 2016. Web. https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevD.93.074038.
Crivellin, Andreas, D’Ambrosio, Giancarlo, Hoferichter, Martin, & Tunstall, Lewis C. Violation of lepton flavor and lepton flavor universality in rare kaon decays. United States. https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevD.93.074038
Crivellin, Andreas, D’Ambrosio, Giancarlo, Hoferichter, Martin, and Tunstall, Lewis C. Fri . "Violation of lepton flavor and lepton flavor universality in rare kaon decays". United States. https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevD.93.074038.
@article{osti_1250191,
title = {Violation of lepton flavor and lepton flavor universality in rare kaon decays},
author = {Crivellin, Andreas and D’Ambrosio, Giancarlo and Hoferichter, Martin and Tunstall, Lewis C.},
abstractNote = {Here, recent anomalies in the decays of B mesons and the Higgs boson provide hints towards lepton flavor (universality) violating physics beyond the Standard Model. We observe that four-fermion operators which can explain the B-physics anomalies have corresponding analogs in the kaon sector, and we analyze their impact on K→πℓℓ' and K→ℓℓ' decays (ℓ=μ,e). For these processes, we note the corresponding physics opportunities at the NA62 experiment. In particular, assuming minimal flavor violation, we comment on the required improvements in sensitivity necessary to test the B-physics anomalies in the kaon sector.},
doi = {10.1103/PhysRevD.93.074038},
journal = {Physical Review D},
number = 7,
volume = 93,
place = {United States},
year = {2016},
month = {4}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record
https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevD.93.074038

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Cited by: 18 works
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New Measurement of the Properties of the Rare Decay K + π + e + e
journal, November 1999


Precise measurement of the <mml:math altimg="si1.gif" overflow="scroll" xmlns:xocs="http://www.elsevier.com/xml/xocs/dtd" xmlns:xs="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xmlns="http://www.elsevier.com/xml/ja/dtd" xmlns:ja="http://www.elsevier.com/xml/ja/dtd" xmlns:mml="http://www.w3.org/1998/Math/MathML" xmlns:tb="http://www.elsevier.com/xml/common/table/dtd" xmlns:sb="http://www.elsevier.com/xml/common/struct-bib/dtd" xmlns:ce="http://www.elsevier.com/xml/common/dtd" xmlns:xlink="http://www.w3.org/1999/xlink" xmlns:cals="http://www.elsevier.com/xml/common/cals/dtd"><mml:msup><mml:mi>K</mml:mi><mml:mo>±</mml:mo></mml:msup><mml:mo>→</mml:mo><mml:msup><mml:mi>π</mml:mi><mml:mo>±</mml:mo></mml:msup><mml:msup><mml:mi>e</mml:mi><mml:mo>+</mml:mo></mml:msup><mml:msup><mml:mi>e</mml:mi><mml:mo>−</mml:mo></mml:msup></mml:math> decay
journal, June 2009


New measurement of the <mml:math altimg="si1.gif" overflow="scroll" xmlns:xocs="http://www.elsevier.com/xml/xocs/dtd" xmlns:xs="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xmlns="http://www.elsevier.com/xml/ja/dtd" xmlns:ja="http://www.elsevier.com/xml/ja/dtd" xmlns:mml="http://www.w3.org/1998/Math/MathML" xmlns:tb="http://www.elsevier.com/xml/common/table/dtd" xmlns:sb="http://www.elsevier.com/xml/common/struct-bib/dtd" xmlns:ce="http://www.elsevier.com/xml/common/dtd" xmlns:xlink="http://www.w3.org/1999/xlink" xmlns:cals="http://www.elsevier.com/xml/common/cals/dtd"><mml:msup><mml:mi>K</mml:mi><mml:mo>±</mml:mo></mml:msup><mml:mo>→</mml:mo><mml:msup><mml:mi>π</mml:mi><mml:mo>±</mml:mo></mml:msup><mml:msup><mml:mi>μ</mml:mi><mml:mo>+</mml:mo></mml:msup><mml:msup><mml:mi>μ</mml:mi><mml:mo>−</mml:mo></mml:msup></mml:math> decay
journal, February 2011


Observation of the rare decay KS→π0e+e−
journal, December 2003


Search for the Rare Decay K L π 0 e + e
journal, July 2004


Search for the Decay K L π 0 μ + μ
journal, June 2000


Improved Branching Ratio Measurement for the Decay K L 0 μ + μ
journal, February 2000


First Observation of the Rare Decay Mode K L 0 e + e
journal, November 1998


Implication of improved upper bounds on |ΔL|=2 processes
journal, October 2000


Improved upper limit on the decay K + π + μ + e
journal, July 2005


Search for Lepton Flavor Violation in K + Decays into a Charged Pion and Two Leptons
journal, October 2000


Search for Lepton-Flavor-Violating Decays of the Neutral Kaon
journal, April 2008


New Limit on Muon and Electron Lepton Number Violation from K L 0 μ ± e Decay
journal, December 1998


Kaon Decay Experiments at J-PARC
conference, September 2015

  • Nanjo, Hajime
  • Proceedings of the 2nd International Symposium on Science at J-PARC — Unlocking the Mysteries of Life, Matter and the Universe —
  • DOI: 10.7566/JPSCP.8.024011

Precise Γ( K + → e + ν)/Γ( K + → μ + ν) Measurement Using Stopped Positive Kaons at J-PARC
conference, September 2015

  • Shimizu, Suguru
  • Proceedings of the 2nd International Symposium on Science at J-PARC — Unlocking the Mysteries of Life, Matter and the Universe —
  • DOI: 10.7566/JPSCP.8.024009

K → πℓ+ℓ− decays in the effective chiral lagrangian of the standard model
journal, January 1987


Reanalysis of the decay K L π 0 e + e
journal, March 1995


Long-Distance Contributions to the K L μ + μ Decay Width
journal, May 1998


Decay of Pseudoscalars into Lepton Pairs and Large- N c QCD
journal, December 1999


Extracting short-distance physics from KL,S→π0e+e− decays
journal, November 2003


Radiative corrections in K→π ℓ + ℓ − decays
journal, September 2010


The s → dγ decay in and beyond the Standard Model
journal, August 2011

  • Mertens, Philippe; Smith, Christopher
  • Journal of High Energy Physics, Vol. 2011, Issue 8
  • DOI: 10.1007/JHEP08(2011)069

The 27-plet contributions to the CP -conserving K → π l + l decays
journal, July 2012

  • Ananthanarayan, B.; Imsong, I. Sentitemsu
  • Journal of Physics G: Nuclear and Particle Physics, Vol. 39, Issue 9
  • DOI: 10.1088/0954-3899/39/9/095002

Kaon decays in the standard model
journal, March 2012

  • Cirigliano, Vincenzo; Ecker, Gerhard; Neufeld, Helmut
  • Reviews of Modern Physics, Vol. 84, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1103/RevModPhys.84.399

Prospects for a lattice computation of rare kaon decay amplitudes: K π + decays
journal, November 2015


Weak-scale effective supersymmetry
journal, December 1990


Universal unitarity triangle and physics beyond the standard model
journal, February 2001


Minimal flavour violation: an effective field theory approach
journal, November 2002


Upper bounds on rare K and B decays from minimal flavour violation
journal, October 2005


K π e + e in the six-quark model
journal, June 1980


Effects of Superheavy Quarks and Leptons in Low-Energy Weak Processes KL-> Formula, K+-> + Formula and K0 Formula0
journal, January 1981

  • Inami, T.; Lim, C. S.
  • Progress of Theoretical Physics, Vol. 65, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1143/PTP.65.297

Effects of Superheavy Quarks and Leptons in Low-Energy Weak Processes KL-> Formula, K+-> + Formula and K0 Formula
journal, May 1981

  • Inami, T.; Lim, C. S.
  • Progress of Theoretical Physics, Vol. 65, Issue 5
  • DOI: 10.1143/PTP.65.1772

K L π 0 l + l decays for large m t
journal, May 1989

  • Dib, Claudio O.; Dunietz, Isard; Gilman, Frederick J.
  • Physical Review D, Vol. 39, Issue 9
  • DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevD.39.2639

Direct CP violation in KL → π0e+e− beyond leading logarithms
journal, July 1994


Application of chiral perturbation theory to K→2π decays
journal, November 1985


The rule in the large-N limit
journal, November 1986


Large $$N$$ N approach to Kaon decays and mixing 28 years later: $$\Delta I=1/2$$ Δ I = 1 / 2 rule, $$\hat{B}_K$$ B ^ K , and $$\Delta M_K$$ Δ M K
journal, May 2014


Δ I = 1 / 2 rule for kaon decays derived from QCD infrared fixed point
journal, February 2015


Rare kaon decays in the 1/N c-expansion
journal, December 1993

  • Bruno, C.; Prades, J.
  • Zeitschrift für Physik C Particles and Fields, Vol. 57, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1007/BF01561477

K→2π and K→3π decays in next-to-leading order chiral perturbation theory
journal, June 1991


K→3π decays in chiral perturbation theory
journal, January 2003


Radiative Corrections to Decays with a Dalitz Pair
journal, March 1971


Neutral Kaon Decays into Lepton Pairs
journal, July 1970


Short-distance information from B(KL→μ+μ−)
journal, March 1998


The rare decays π0→e+e−, η→e+e− and η→μ+μ− in chiral perturbation theory
journal, October 1992


Two-loop QED radiative corrections to the decay π 0 → e + e −: the virtual corrections and soft-photon bremsstrahlung
journal, October 2011


Rare decay $$\pi ^0\rightarrow e^+e^-$$ π 0 → e + e - : on corrections beyond the leading order
journal, August 2014


Measurement of the rare decay π 0 e + e
journal, January 2007


Improved predictions for μ e conversion in nuclei and Higgs-induced lepton flavor violation
journal, May 2014

  • Crivellin, Andreas; Hoferichter, Martin; Procura, Massimiliano
  • Physical Review D, Vol. 89, Issue 9
  • DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevD.89.093024

Minimal lepton flavor violation implications of the b → s anomalies
journal, August 2015


    Works referencing / citing this record:

    Dark matter and B -meson anomalies in a flavor dependent gauge symmetry
    journal, March 2019


    Footprints of leptoquarks: from $$ R_{K^{(*)}} $$ R K ( ∗ ) to $$ K \rightarrow \pi \nu \bar{\nu }$$ K → π ν ν ¯
    journal, March 2018


    Prospects for exotics and LFV at NA62
    journal, January 2017


    Model of vector leptoquarks in view of the B -physics anomalies
    journal, December 2018


    B-decay anomalies in a composite leptoquark model
    journal, December 2016


    Simultaneous explanation of R(D (∗)) and b→sμ + μ −: the last scalar leptoquarks standing
    journal, September 2017

    • Crivellin, Andreas; Müller, Dario; Ota, Toshihiko
    • Journal of High Energy Physics, Vol. 2017, Issue 9
    • DOI: 10.1007/jhep09(2017)040