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Title: Controlled synthesis of Eu 2+ and Eu 3+ doped ZnS quantum dots and their photovoltaic and magnetic properties

Eu-doped ZnS quantum dots (QDs) have been synthesized by wet-chemical method and found to form in zinc blende (cubic) structure. Both Eu 2+ and Eu 3+ doped ZnS can be controllably synthesized. The Eu 2+ doped ZnS QDs show broad photoluminescence emission peak around 512 nm, which is from the Eu2+ intra-ion transition of 4f 6d1 – 4f 7, while the Eu 3+ doped samples exhibit narrow emission lines characteristic of transitions between the 4f levels. The investigation of the magnetic properties shows that the Eu 3+ doped samples exhibit signs of ferromagnetism, on the other hand, Eu 2+ doped samples are paramagnetic of Curie-Weiss type. The incident photon to electron conversion efficiency is increased with the Eu doping, which suggests the QD solar cell efficiency can be enhanced by Eu doping due to widened absorption windows. This is an attractive approach to utilize benign and environmentally friendly wide band gap ZnS QDs in solar cell technology.
Authors:
 [1] ;  [2] ;  [1] ; ORCiD logo [2] ;  [1] ;  [1]
  1. Univ. of Wyoming, Laramie, WY (United States). Dept. of Physics and Astronomy
  2. Univ. of Wyoming, Laramie, WY (United States). Dept. of Electrical Engineering
Publication Date:
Grant/Contract Number:
FG02-10ER46728; SC0004981
Type:
Published Article
Journal Name:
AIP Advances
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 6; Journal Issue: 4; Journal ID: ISSN 2158-3226
Publisher:
American Institute of Physics (AIP)
Research Org:
Univ. of Wyoming, Laramie, WY (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Advanced Scientific Computing Research (ASCR) (SC-21); USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE
OSTI Identifier:
1249619
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1393432; OSTI ID: 1421036

Horoz, Sabit, Yakami, Baichhabi, Poudyal, Uma, Pikal, Jon M., Wang, Wenyong, and Tang, Jinke. Controlled synthesis of Eu2+ and Eu3+ doped ZnS quantum dots and their photovoltaic and magnetic properties. United States: N. p., Web. doi:10.1063/1.4948510.
Horoz, Sabit, Yakami, Baichhabi, Poudyal, Uma, Pikal, Jon M., Wang, Wenyong, & Tang, Jinke. Controlled synthesis of Eu2+ and Eu3+ doped ZnS quantum dots and their photovoltaic and magnetic properties. United States. doi:10.1063/1.4948510.
Horoz, Sabit, Yakami, Baichhabi, Poudyal, Uma, Pikal, Jon M., Wang, Wenyong, and Tang, Jinke. 2016. "Controlled synthesis of Eu2+ and Eu3+ doped ZnS quantum dots and their photovoltaic and magnetic properties". United States. doi:10.1063/1.4948510.
@article{osti_1249619,
title = {Controlled synthesis of Eu2+ and Eu3+ doped ZnS quantum dots and their photovoltaic and magnetic properties},
author = {Horoz, Sabit and Yakami, Baichhabi and Poudyal, Uma and Pikal, Jon M. and Wang, Wenyong and Tang, Jinke},
abstractNote = {Eu-doped ZnS quantum dots (QDs) have been synthesized by wet-chemical method and found to form in zinc blende (cubic) structure. Both Eu2+ and Eu3+ doped ZnS can be controllably synthesized. The Eu2+ doped ZnS QDs show broad photoluminescence emission peak around 512 nm, which is from the Eu2+ intra-ion transition of 4f6d1 – 4f7, while the Eu3+ doped samples exhibit narrow emission lines characteristic of transitions between the 4f levels. The investigation of the magnetic properties shows that the Eu3+ doped samples exhibit signs of ferromagnetism, on the other hand, Eu2+ doped samples are paramagnetic of Curie-Weiss type. The incident photon to electron conversion efficiency is increased with the Eu doping, which suggests the QD solar cell efficiency can be enhanced by Eu doping due to widened absorption windows. This is an attractive approach to utilize benign and environmentally friendly wide band gap ZnS QDs in solar cell technology.},
doi = {10.1063/1.4948510},
journal = {AIP Advances},
number = 4,
volume = 6,
place = {United States},
year = {2016},
month = {4}
}

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