Stationary bubbles and their tunneling channels toward trivial geometry
In the path integral approach, one has to sum over all histories that start from the same initial condition in order to obtain the final condition as a superposition of histories. Applying this into black hole dynamics, we consider stable and unstable stationary bubbles as a reasonable and regular initial condition. We find examples where the bubble can either form a black hole or tunnel toward a trivial geometry, i.e., with no singularity nor event horizon. We investigate the dynamics and tunneling channels of true vacuum bubbles for various tensions. In particular, in line with the idea of superposition of geometries, we build a classically stable stationary thinshell solution in a Minkowski background where its fate is probabilistically given by nonperturbative effects. Since there exists a tunneling channel toward a trivial geometry in the entire path integral, the entire information is encoded in the wave function. This demonstrates that the unitarity is preserved and there is no loss of information when viewed from the entire wave function of the universe, whereas a semiclassical observer, who can see only a definitive geometry, would find an effective loss of information. Ultimately, this may provide a resolution to the information loss dilemma.
 Authors:

^{[1]};
^{[2]};
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^{[3]}
 National Taiwan Univ., Taipei (Taiwan); SLAC National Accelerator Lab., Menlo Park, CA (United States). Kavli Institute for Particle Astrophysics and Cosmology
 Kyoto Univ. (Japan). Yukawa Institute for Theoretical Physics
 National Taiwan Univ., Taipei (Taiwan)
 Publication Date:
 Grant/Contract Number:
 AC0276SF00515; 15H05888; 103R4000
 Type:
 Accepted Manuscript
 Journal Name:
 Journal of Cosmology and Astroparticle Physics
 Additional Journal Information:
 Journal Volume: 2016; Journal Issue: 04; Journal ID: ISSN 14757516
 Publisher:
 Institute of Physics (IOP)
 Research Org:
 SLAC National Accelerator Lab., Menlo Park, CA (United States)
 Sponsoring Org:
 USDOE
 Country of Publication:
 United States
 Language:
 English
 Subject:
 79 ASTRONOMY AND ASTROPHYSICS; GR black holes; quantum black holes; Gravastars
 OSTI Identifier:
 1249321
Chen, Pisin, Domènech, Guillem, Sasaki, Misao, and Yeom, Donghan. Stationary bubbles and their tunneling channels toward trivial geometry. United States: N. p.,
Web. doi:10.1088/14757516/2016/04/013.
Chen, Pisin, Domènech, Guillem, Sasaki, Misao, & Yeom, Donghan. Stationary bubbles and their tunneling channels toward trivial geometry. United States. doi:10.1088/14757516/2016/04/013.
Chen, Pisin, Domènech, Guillem, Sasaki, Misao, and Yeom, Donghan. 2016.
"Stationary bubbles and their tunneling channels toward trivial geometry". United States.
doi:10.1088/14757516/2016/04/013. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1249321.
@article{osti_1249321,
title = {Stationary bubbles and their tunneling channels toward trivial geometry},
author = {Chen, Pisin and Domènech, Guillem and Sasaki, Misao and Yeom, Donghan},
abstractNote = {In the path integral approach, one has to sum over all histories that start from the same initial condition in order to obtain the final condition as a superposition of histories. Applying this into black hole dynamics, we consider stable and unstable stationary bubbles as a reasonable and regular initial condition. We find examples where the bubble can either form a black hole or tunnel toward a trivial geometry, i.e., with no singularity nor event horizon. We investigate the dynamics and tunneling channels of true vacuum bubbles for various tensions. In particular, in line with the idea of superposition of geometries, we build a classically stable stationary thinshell solution in a Minkowski background where its fate is probabilistically given by nonperturbative effects. Since there exists a tunneling channel toward a trivial geometry in the entire path integral, the entire information is encoded in the wave function. This demonstrates that the unitarity is preserved and there is no loss of information when viewed from the entire wave function of the universe, whereas a semiclassical observer, who can see only a definitive geometry, would find an effective loss of information. Ultimately, this may provide a resolution to the information loss dilemma.},
doi = {10.1088/14757516/2016/04/013},
journal = {Journal of Cosmology and Astroparticle Physics},
number = 04,
volume = 2016,
place = {United States},
year = {2016},
month = {4}
}