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Title: Advanced characterization study of commercial conversion and electrocoating structures on magnesium alloys AZ31B and ZE10A

The local metal-coating interface microstructure and chemistry formed on commercial magnesium alloys Mg–3Al–1Zn (AZ31B) and Mg–1Zn–0.25Zr–<0.5Nd (ZE10A, ZEK100 type) were analyzed as-chemical conversion coated with a commercial hexafluoro-titanate/zirconate type + organic polymer based treatment (Bonderite® 5200) and a commercial hexafluoro-zirconate type + trivalent chromium Cr3 + type treatment (Surtec® 650), and after the same conversion coatings followed by electrocoating with an epoxy based coating, Cathoguard® 525. Characterization techniques included scanning electron microscopy (SEM), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), and cross-section scanning transmission electron microscopy (STEM). Corrosion behavior was assessed in room temperature saturated aqueous Mg(OH)2 solution with 1 wt.% NaCl. The goal of the effort was to assess the degree to which substrate alloy additions become enriched in the conversion coating, and how the conversion coating was impacted by subsequent electrocoating. Key findings included the enrichment of Al from AZ31B and Zr from ZE10A, respectively, into the conversion coating, with moderate corrosion resistance benefits for AZ31B when Al was incorporated. Varying degrees of increased porosity and modification of the initial conversion coating chemistry at the metal-coating interface were observed after electrocoating. These changes were postulated to result in degraded electrocoating protectiveness. As a result, these observations highlight the challenges of coatingmore » Mg, and the need to tailor electrocoating in light of potential degradation of the initial as-conversion coated Mg alloy surface.« less
 [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [2] ;  [3] ;  [3] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [4]
  1. Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
  2. Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States); Xiamen Univ., Fujian (China)
  3. Magnesium Elektron North America, Madison, IL (United States)
  4. Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States); Central Metallurgical Research & Development Institute, Cairo (Egypt)
Publication Date:
Grant/Contract Number:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Surface and Coatings Technology
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 294; Journal Issue: C; Journal ID: ISSN 0257-8972
Research Org:
Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)
Country of Publication:
United States
37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL, AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY; magnesium; conversion coating; electrocoating; corrosion; transmission electron microscopy
OSTI Identifier:
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1359903