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Title: Persistent photoconductivity in two-dimensional Mo 1-xW xSe 2–MoSe 2 van der Waals heterojunctions

Van der Waals (vdW) heterojunctions consisting of vertically-stacked individual or multiple layers of two-dimensional (2D) layered semiconductors, especially the transition metal dichalcogenides (TMDs), are fascinating new artificial solids just nanometers-thin that promise novel optoelectronic functionalities due to the sensitivity of their electronic and optical properties to strong quantum confinement and interfacial interactions. Here, monolayers of n-type MoSe 2 and p-type Mo 1-xW xSe 2–MoSe 2 are grown by vapor transport methods, then transferred and stamped to form artificial vdW heterostructures with different interlayer orientations. Atomic-resolution Z-contrast electron microscopy and electron diffraction are used to characterize both the individual monolayers and the atomic registry between layers in the bilayer vdW heterostructures. These measurements are compared with photoluminescence and low-frequency Raman spectroscopy, which indicates strong interlayer coupling in heterostructures. Remarkably, the heterojunctions exhibit an unprecedented photoconductivity effect that persists at room temperature for several days. This persistent photoconductivity is shown to be tunable by applying a gate bias that equilibrates the charge distribution. Furthermore, these measurements indicate that such ultrathin vdW heterojunctions can function as rewritable optoelectronic switches or memory elements under time-dependent photo-illumination, an effect which appears promising for new monolayer TMDs-based optoelectronic devices applications.
 [1] ;  [2] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [1]
  1. Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
  2. Escuela Politecnica Nacional, Quito (Ecuador)
Publication Date:
Grant/Contract Number:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Journal of Materials Research
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 31; Journal Issue: 07; Journal ID: ISSN 0884-2914
Materials Research Society
Research Org:
Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Science (SC)
Country of Publication:
United States
OSTI Identifier: